Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 37

Maryann C. Wythers (Editor)

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research
BISAC: TEC021000

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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 37 begins by discussing the main properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) bone cements used for orthopaedic surgery. In particular, emphasis is given to the fillers used to modify the solid phase of acrylic formulations, and this strategy is related to changes in their mechanical, biological, and clinical properties.

Following this, the authors describe studies on the radiopaque agents of bone cements from 1960 to today. This research is divided into several time frames: 1960-1990, 1990-2000, 2000-2010, and 2010-2018. An outlook for the future studies is also provided.

A recent literature analysis in the field of spray pyrolysis production methods is presented, including the respective equipment requirements and the versatility of the materials. Examples of the application of ultrasonic spray nebulizers, laser and plasma atomizers are also provided.

Next, a facile spray pyrolysis from a precursor solution with an ammonium additive is introduced to prepare porous nanostructured vanadium pentoxides. The correlation between porous structures and electrochemical properties of the PN-V2O5 electrodes was systematically investigated on rechargeable lithium batteries. Furthermore, some challenges are presented on the design of porous materials produced by spray pyrolysis for the application of lithium sulfur batteries.

The authors discuss research on non-contact and non-destructive systems that excite surface acoustic waves using pulsed lasers and detect surface acoustic waves using laser Doppler detectors to observe the changes in the physical properties of the substrate surface.
The concluding study focuses on the availability of modified epoxidized palm oil as pressure sensitive adhesives in medical applications. Epoxidized palm oil has been modified to two modifications of acrylation and maleination. Thus, there are requirements need to be met for pressure sensitive adhesive formulation before the curing process.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. PMMA-Based Bone Cements with Fillers: Properties and Applications
(B. J. M. Leite Ferreira, T. M. Santos and P. P. Lopes, CICECO, Aveiro Institute of Materials and Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 2. A Brief Chronicle Review of the Studies on the Radiopacifier of the Polymeric Bone Cement
(Ya-Jun Cheng, Meimei Wang and Chao Fang, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhongguan West Rd, Ningbo, China, and others)

Chapter 3. Spray Pyrolysis as a Versatile Method for Advanced Materials Production: Basic Concepts and Available Applications
(Stephan Vladymirov Kozhukharov, Veselin Zhelev and Stilijan Tchaoushev, LAMAR - Laboratory for Advanced Materials Research, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 4. Spray Pyrolysis Synthesis of Porous Nanostructured Vanadium Pentoxides and Their Electrode Application for Lithium Batteries
(Long Kong and Izumi Taniguchi, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 5. Non-Destructive and Non-Contact Observation of Surface Modification by Ion Beam Irradiation Using Surface Acoustic Wave
(Sin-iti Kitazawa, Naka Fusion Institute, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Naka, Ibaraki, Japan)

Chapter 6. The Effect of Epoxidized Palm Oil Acrylated Maleinated (Epolam)/Monomers Ratios on Physical Properties of Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Tape Formulation for Medical Application
(Nazuha Binti Tugiman, Abdul Razak Rahmat, Jamarosliza Jamaluddin and Lee Tin Sin, Bioprocess and Polymer Engineering Department, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia, and others)

Index

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