Book Reviews

Book Reviews

See No Evil: Secularity versus Sacred Scriptures

“The topic of the book is of great importance, yet there is no comprehensive book of this nature now available for use in classrooms or for the general reader. The influence of secularization has grown dramatically and there are now many criticisms of religion from a secular perspective but there are very few, if any, responses from a responsible religious perspective. Yet there are billions of people who are adherents of the major religious traditions in our world. Professor Leightner’s book fills this gap very well. Even people fully committed to the practice of secular thinking and analysis will benefit greatly from Professor Leightner’s insights into the deepest meaning of their own traditions of thought. Professor Leightner’s book will be a major contribution to modern insight.”
Daniel Quinn Mills
Professor Emeritus, Harvard University School of Business Administration, USA

“Leightner argues that secular culture has mislead economists and society more broadly into conflating counterfeit values (evil) with the wisdom found in Jewish, Islamic, Christian, Hindu and Theravada sacred texts, causing severe personal and social harm. Those like Pol Pot (responsible for the Khmer Rouge’s crimes against humanity) persuade themselves and many others that their actions are virtuously motivated, when they are intrinsically evil. People need to step back and appreciate that evil may be contaminating their ethics. This is a message that many professionals do not want to hear, but needs a fair hearing.”
Steven Rosefielde
Professor of Economics at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Building a More Peaceful Society through Positive Intergroup Contact: An Ecologically Sustainable Approach to Community Wellness

“In Building a More Peaceful Society through Positive Intergroup Contact: An Ecologically Sustainable Approach to Community Wellness, Dr. Hoffman explores experiences of inequity in our society related to racism, racialized violence, access to healthy food, distribution of green spaces, and community empowerment. Dr. Hoffman provides evidence of the positive impact of specific interventions like community gardens, planting initiatives to improve access to healthy food, and community-based service projects which lead to feelings of connectedness and empowerment, positive intergroup relationships, and improved well-being among community members. The green space interventions described in this work provide a blueprint for building more equitable, allied, safe, and healthy communities.”
Amy Gort, Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic and Student Affairs at Metropolitan State University

Fostering Giftedness: Challenges and Opportunities

“The book, Fostering Giftedness: Challenges and Opportunities, is a true source of inspiration for nurturing exceptional individuals with the brightest potential to improve social, technological, economic, and cultural life. Book readers, regardless of whether they are educators, school administrators or parents, will definitely enjoy reading the book whose themes should always be prioritized in every school system.”
Professor Dr. Irena Zavrl, University of Applied Sciences Burgenland

This book will definitely aid teachers and trainee teachers in identifying gifted students and in creating an optimal environment to enable and foster the development of giftedness. Moreover, it will help in resolving doubts that many parents of gifted and talented students face.”
Professor Dr. Kurt Allabauer, University College of Teacher Education in Lower Austria

Congestion Control: Design, Applications and Protocols

“If you care about communications and computer networks and want to know how congestion control techniques work in different network platforms and technologies to not only overcome network performance degradation but also enhance network stability, in terms of interoperability and robustness, then this book is definitely a must-read! Read this book, and you’ll see how Dr. Quang Nguyen composed and edited a unique, inspiring and delightful guide to the complex domain of classical and advanced congestion control methodologies in networking, from both principles and practical perspectives.”
Takuro Sato, IEEE Life Fellow, IEICE Life Fellow, and Senior Research Professor at Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

“I’m highly recommending this book because even though there are several books with a comprehensive description of various congestion control techniques in networking, surprisingly, there isn’t another on this topic that attempts to discuss and give new insight into building the efficient congestion control mechanism as a key to an efficient and robust network design. Dr. Quang has made a right step in this interesting direction, and as a professor in communications and networking, I enjoyed reading this book and can’t wait to share it with my students, colleagues, collaborators and industrial partners.”
Tarik Taleb, Recipient of the IEEE Fred W. Ellersick Prize 2017, and Professor, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland

Clinical Training in Undergraduate Medical Education

"Well worth reading; an excellent resource recommended to medical and health educators and those novices to teaching. It is an absolute must-read."
Samy Azer, Professor of Medical Education, King Saud University, Riyadh, S.Arabia

"When I read the different chapters, I immediately realized how well structured the book is and how much it can bring to clinical training. Whether you decide to read the text systematically as proposed in the book or read the chapters more relevant to your specific needs, you will find the book extremely useful to improve your practice."
Madalena Patrício, PhD, University of Lisbon, School of Medicine, Portugal; Former President of AMEE

Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities

“This new book, Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities, written by Dr. Semenov will draw attention of various specialists interested in detection, prediction and suppression of moving inhomogeneities auto oscillations generated by stationary subsonic and supersonic flows in the presence of solid bodies producing narrow band sound and vibrations. Book provides experimental and theoretical background for prediction of corresponding additional hydrodynamic and sound fields in atmosphere and ocean. From our point of view one of most important results presented in the book is related to theoretical explanation of unexplained before type of ultra-low frequency atmospheric sound field observed near seas and oceans. In particular, specific auto oscillations phenomena, so called, ‘voice of sea’ related to interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. Recently our institute was involved in development of its experimental measurement means necessary to control ‘voice of sea’ in environment. One of the next pioneer steps in the book is experimental proof of vortex role in flow inhomogeneities auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. It is shown that vortexes observed in body – flow interaction are mainly specific sources of flow energy losses; they can hardly contribute substantially to sound field generated due to auto oscillations. The text is rich in physical details and experimental data explaining conditions of known auto oscillations phenomena observation and providing their prediction methods as well as endorsing validity and reality of achieved results. The book is essential for any scientist, acoustics engineer and developer of sound production instruments taking a serious interest in auto oscillations application as well in its consequences suppression progress.”
Prof. Sergey N. Kulichkov, Deputy Director, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Laureate of Russian Government Prize in the Field of Physical Sciences

This book is written by an experienced specialist in acoustics of moving media and underwater hydroacoustics, Dr. Andrew (Andrey) Semenov from Acoustics Institute in Moscow, Russia. It shows insufficiency of current state-of-the art in moving media acoustics related to auto oscillations of flow inhomogeneities observed in wide range of science and technology phenomena from musical instruments to powerful rockets and airplanes. Proper understanding of auto oscillations physical mechanism is necessary to develop efficient sound sources, say, musical instruments based on flow auto oscillations as well as to suppress noise produced by airplane and missile engine jets during flight, take off and landing. Main chapters of the book are related to the detailed description of various auto oscillations phenomena observed at flow subsonic and supersonic velocities including conditions of stationary flow power transform to flow inhomogeneities oscillation, amplification and detection. This approach developed by the author together with his coauthors A.V. Rimsky-Korsakov and L.A. Bazhenova allowed better understanding physical background of so called ‘vortex sound’ phenomenon including nature of sound source and sound power dependence on Reynolds number. These results presented from the very beginning of 2000’s in Acoustical Physics Journal has attracted attention of many acousticians and engineers. One more interesting book item is related to auto oscillations of powerful rocket provided with engine of a lot of jets situated on its first stage bottom along circle. This phenomenon observed experimentally was predicted by author. Another impressive and informative chapter of the book is related to ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon generated in interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. In general, book will be useful for acousticians and technology engineers developing acoustic systems based on flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations or interested in narrow band sound radiation reduction in airplanes development and shipbuilding.”
Prof. Igor B. Esipov, Full Professor of Physics Department in I.M. Gubkin’s Oil and Gas University, Moscow, Russia, Vice Editor-in-Chief of Acoustical Physics Journal, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member

This book provides noticeable contribution to solution of actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to control of airplane and ships structures noise and vibrations related to ambient flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations. It also provides description of various corresponding sound generation phenomena. Chapters of the book are related to description of physical mechanism of various natural and artificial sources of sound field provided by auto oscillations from musical instrument and various whistles to atmospheric acoustic phenomenon observed in interaction of heavy gale wind flow with chopped ocean surface and powerful rockets. Important portion of the book is devoted to model experiments related to acoustic resonators positioned in subsonic fluid flow. It allows finding out the role of vortexes in auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. Next portions of the book are devoted to linear approach to auto oscillations of supersonic jets and review of contemporary approach to flow – body interaction auto oscillations analysis. To conclude it is worth to note that wide enough range of presented results applications is demonstrated allowing recommending the book for acousticians and engineers developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in ships and various flight vehicles.”
Prof. Victor D. Svet, Leading Research Scientist, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

This book demonstrates new approach to actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to noise and vibrations generated by flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations based on instability of flow boundaries. Feed – back mechanism of auto oscillations is based on stationary flow energy transform into flow oscillation energy in conditions of negative acoustic resistance of ‘body – flow’ oscillation system. Main basis of problem statement is evident from book Introduction already. First chapters are devoted to various subsonic and supersonic auto oscillation problems where instability conditions are derived with aid of powerful mechanism of flow boundary stability dispersion equation solution (mainly in Chapter 2). Taking into account complexity of problems stated for supersonic flows, this method allows restricting their solutions by linear approach for infinite jets, while feed-back mechanism is explained with aid of Wiener-Hopf techniques. Phenomenon of noise spectrum discrete component generation for cold supersonic jets is investigated and explained as well. Classical problem of so called ‘vortex sound’ or Aeolian tone observed in ‘cylinder – flow’ interaction is discussed in chapters 3 and 4, while in Chapter 5 original explanation of ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon is proposed. This book is recommended for acousticians and engineers working in the field of aeroacoustics and hydrodynamics developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in flight vehicles.”
-Dr. Michael A. Mironov, Head of Department, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member

Glass Transition of Green Polymers and the Role of Bound Water

“I was fortunate to receive an advance copy of this manuscript and read it with great interest. Its subject is of utmost relevance to polymer scientists and will be a very welcome addition to their professional literature when it will be published. Polymers from renewable resources arguably represent the macromolecular materials of the XXI century and this book deals with a major aspect of their properties applied to two of their most important families, namely polysaccharides and lignins. The glass transition is a fundamental feature in this context, particularly in the way it is explored, viz. by studying it as a function of the moisture content in these mostly hydrophilic materials. The so-called “bound water” has intrigued and challenged researchers for decades and it finds here an illuminating treatment. The book deals with its subject with a comprehensive and thorough approach and discusses the results in a highly convincing fashion. In other words, this monograph is indeed a trove of rich and deep information. Apart from these scientific qualities, I fully appreciated the inclusion of a very detailed experimental treatment, which is so important if one should be sure to obtain reliable results, which are not straightforward in this particular context. It follows therefore that I strongly recommend this original volume to polymer scientists and industrial practitioners, as well as to both undergraduate and research students.”
Professor Alessandro Gandini
Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos, Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais

“When polymeric biomaterials are designed, the role of “intermediate water concept” takes important role. Structural/dynamical change of water acts crucial role on bio-compatibility/bio-inertness/non-fouling based on interfacial structure/dynamics at bio-interfaces. In order to design novel bio-compatible materials, it is important to know specific features of green polymers characterised via interaction with water molecules. This book describes the molecular relaxation of green polymers, especially the thermodynamic concept of wide range of green polymers, and the bound water. Historical background of research field of “water-biomaterial interaction” indicates that scientists have paid attention to the molecular motion of polymers in the presence of water for a long time. In this book, thermodynamic concept of green polymers and the bound water is found in Chapter 2. Various techniques to measure the molecular motion of green polymers in wet conditions are explained in Chapter 3. Glass transition behaviour of green polymers and the model compounds is described in chapters 4 and 5. It is recommended to young scientists who are investigating bio-compatible materials to read this book to develop background knowledge of “nature”. I plan on finding ways to share this book with my teaching class as well as laboratory meetings in terms of design of innovative materials in the coexistence of water. I believe that all scientists will become more aware of the role of water molecules at the water-material interfaces after reading this book.”
Masaru Tanaka, PhD, Professor, Soft Materials Chemistry
Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

The History of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem

"It was in 1972 that I, as Chaplain, was contacted by a member of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem to conduct a memorial service for one of the inmates of the local prison. An inmate, still a young man, who had committed suicide. Suicide in prison happens frequently. For certain reasons my other Christian colleagues had no ear for the family and the friends of the deceased. I had never heard about this Order and had even little or no knowledge about any such Order! The service was held in a small church. The family and the friends were thankful. The fact that it happened in an (official) church was for most of the attendees a reason to be joyful. It meant that the deceased in any case was a human being. He was not — as people would say — put in a grave as a dog although some dogs get sometimes greater attention than a human being.

The fact that The Order of Saint Lazarus is not restricted to one instituted church is very important. It’s ecumenical in the right sense of the word; Roman Catholics, Protestants, Orthodox, Anglicans and members of other Christian denominations have always been active. Why? It is an Order; more Eastern than Western. It always was spiritually protected by the Eastern Church. To be exact: by the Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarchate. It is one of the oldest Orders of Chivalry since 1841. Right now the ‘spiritual’ father is the patriarch Gregorius III Laham. Certainly many of such Orders were created in the wake of the Crusades. Its real origins are somehow shrouded in a haze of reality and myth (page 14). The Order base their existence and mission on the story that before the actual Crusades took place there was, outside the walls of Jerusalem, a hospital for lepers under the patronage of Saint Lazarus (www.st-lazarus.nl). This book gives a clear picture of the Order; its quarrels, its schisms, its frustrations, its regional and national downfalls, its links with Governments and so often with the head of the Latin Church. The author reviews the Order in 7 chapters; Medieval Pilgrim Services in the Holy Land, The Brethren of the Order in the Holy Land, The Brethren of the Order in Medieval Europe, The Papal Bull Cum solerti meditation pensamus of 1489, The French First Colonial Empire, The Fused Orders of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel and Saint Lazarus, & The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. Certainly important are the aims of today’s evolution and philanthropic activities as seen in the light of our secular world. One of the important witnesses in the world of its humanitarian vocation was the fact that the theologian, missionary and medical doctor Albert Schweitzer (died 1965) was one of the prominent chevaliers. This book is both a well documented report (10 pages bibliography!) and an invitation to respect and to put into practice the message of Christian love and care for our fellowman in present-day society."
Chris Vonck, Rector FVG, published in Acta Comparanda XXVI

The Cosmopolitan Businessman: World and Worldview of Greek Merchant-Entrepreneurs

“Prof. Ariadni Moutafidou, a renowned historian and expert in the field of Modern Greek socio-economic history, explores in her innovative superb and sophisticated book on the Greek ‘big’ merchant-entrepreneurs, not only their mercantile operations, but mainly their thoughts, views, ideas, notions and beliefs within their own and the ‘outer’ world. Her broadened research encompasses the remarkable rise of Greek long-distance trade and shipping in the Mediterranean followed by their significant entrance into the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans during their golden era from the mid-eighteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century. Based on various rare autobiographical accounts, ego documents and commercial guidebooks as well as complementary archival documents and oral history preserved in second and third generation family accounts, the author firstly outlines the commercial culture of these businessmen. Ariadni Moutafidou then argues that the Greek merchant-entrepreneurs’ world and operations with extended international, economic and socio-economic networks, serve not only as a paradigm, but also constitute an integral, constitutive part of the merchant-entrepreneurs’ cosmopolitan world within the broader European-Mediterranean milieu during the nineteenth century. The Cosmopolitan Businessman broadened the research on the economic, social and cultural worldview of merchant-entrepreneurs, as well as on the interrelations between the ethnic mercantile communities. This rich, in-depth oeuvre offers a welcome challenge and contribution to the cultural, social and economic history of trading Diasporas including the interaction between them and their Jewish counterparts as described by the Greek merchants. Therefore, I strongly recommend publication of the manuscript.”
Orly C. Meron, Associate Professor, Former Head of the Interdisciplinary Department of Social Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Israel;  Author of Jewish Entrepreneurship in Salonica, 1912-1940: An Ethnic Economy in Transition, Sussex Academic Press, 2011/2013

“I have been acquainted with Dr. Ariadni Moutafidou’s research for many years and am delighted to recommend her book for publication. Dr. Moutafidou is a highly regarded historian whose research presents a fine combination of substantial use of archival material and behavioral theories and models. Her articles have been published in respected journals and in collected volumes. The present book is an original investigation of the social and cultural world of Greek big merchant-entrepreneurs of the nineteenth century. It is the product of an exhaustive and wide-ranging research, based on an impressive collection of primary sources, autobiographical accounts of businessmen, personal papers and commercial reports and other relevant archival documents. This group of businessmen had a great impact in various areas on the development of Greek economy and society. The results of their activities were felt in many important urban centers in the Near and Middle East. This research is a significant contribution to Greek economic history in particular and to nineteenth century history of entrepreneurship in general. It will constitute an important source of documentation for historians in this field as well as for economists specializing in international trade and business networks. On these grounds, I warmly recommend the publication of this excellent manuscript.”
Prof. Jeannine Horowitz, Head Program of Hellenic Studies, University of Haifa

“I have known Dr. Ariadni Moutafidou for almost two decades and held her and her historical research in great esteem. I have read the manuscript of her latest work, The Cosmopolitan Businessman, with interest and I think it is minutely researched, carefully argued, and elegantly presented. It brings to life the complex world of Greek merchant entrepreneurs in the nineteenth century, seen in the broader context of historical developments in the Near and Middle East. It will definitely be of interest to specialists in the field but its informative and narrative virtues will also be appreciated by any reader with broader historical interests. I therefore have no hesitation in recommending its publication.”
Pantelis Lekkas BA (Sussex) PhD (Cantab), Professor of Political Sociology, Faculty of Political Science & Public Administration, University of Athens, Greece

“Building upon a profound historical knowledge, from which my own studies on European Philhellenism have very much profited, Moutafidou’s scholarship embarks on new explorations of the factors shaping the physiognomy of the 19th century Mediterranean world. The cosmopolitan Businessman offers a vivid account of and an erudite study on the trajectories of entrepreneurial action in intercultural spirit. The book maps persuasively the contribution of Greek merchants to the formation of the First Globalisation. An indispensable reading.”
Dr. Dr. Konstadinos Maras, Research Fellow Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities (KWI), Essen University of Duisburg-Essen

“This original study opens new avenues to our understanding of the social and cultural world of Greek entrepreneurs of the modern era. It offers fascinating insights into the ideas and concepts of rising entrepreneurs in a traditional economy that has undergone processes of modernization. Historians of Greek economic and social history as well as economists specializing in international trade and business networks will certainly be delighted to read this book.”
Prof. Gad Gilbar, University of Haifa

Nationalism: Past as Prologue

“No-one writes, or thinks, with the same passion, fearlessness and accessibility as Bruce Johansen and Ad Akande, figures who have been speaking truth to power on global environmental and indigenous issues for over forty years. You’re going to scream at this work that nationalism is not all bad, but you’ll also learn much more than you ever expected and finish it determined to make changes and learn more. Enjoy!”
Professor Joy Porter, PI Treatiedspaces.com, Leverhulme Major Research Fellow, Professor of Indigenous History, United Kingdom;
Editor of the Cambridge University Press Series, Elements in Indigenous Environmental Research