The Homo within the Sapiens


Jorge A. Colombo (Author) – Principal Investigator (Retired), National Research Council, Argentina

Series: Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural Domains
BISAC: SOC002000

While creativity and solidarity form the main constructive profile for our species, the primal animal drive for dominance involving basal brain circuits places our future at risk. This bipolar nature distorts the global perspective of our collective future and ecological conditions. Our species’ behavioral construction has its roots in ancestral habits and survival drives that were crystallized in basic neurobehavioral circuits over millennia, be it as predators or potential prey. Its expression aquired further complexity through the development of social/cultural cues, and was kept-in-check by conditional inhibitory processes. How much of our current drive – individually and as a global community – is caused by those inherited traits imprinted in our animal condition?
This book analyses the increasing bipolar construction in terms of dominant groups affecting critical access to current knowledge and information, a profound gap among populations concerning a modern humane quality of life, and present trends pertaining to our ecological habitat. These dynamic processes seem to be in a free-running mode, only conditioned by the prevalence of power concentration in the hands of worldwide minority groups. This worldwide disjointed perspective is further distorted by diverse cultural profiles and interests accessing information and its impact on lifestyles.
Our species’ true nature has highly conserved remnants of our animal origin expressed as animal drives embodied before and during the evolutionary process as Homo and under inhibitory social control. These involve territorial, survival, and dominant cues on top of which sapiens’ cultural development profiles have taken place; that is, the hidden ancestral human nature. Competition to control and prevail in those domains has unveiled a long-lived struggle for dominance in political and financial (corporate- or state-bound) prevalence. Below this stratum of power-seekers, a large proportion of the service-bound and marginal populations crawl for their survival, often approaching inhuman conditions. Fundamentalist beliefs, the disregard of environmental abuse, belligerence to resolve discrepancies, personal and group-centered greed, growing inequalities, disinformation from dominant carriers, and intolerance to alternative viewpoints describe our species’ developmentally immature collective behavior.
If not just an evolutionary stage, then we in fact belong to the “wrong species” (Colombo, 2010), and are on a path toward our demise or a bipolar evolution of our species, but not necessarily a collective, cooperative, shared development that respects various cultural profiles. The increasing speed of knowledge development widens the gap among populations with different cultural values and those that are underdeveloped or living in subhuman conditions. Since we exited the period of egalitarian-prone hunter gatherers, we have been conditioned by elite or institutionalized dominant powers and given limited access to information, which is used as a means for domination. Hence, our future depends not only on our social, political, and financial decision-makers but also on the degree of our permissive, functional absence from such a scenario.



Table of Contents


A Few General Premises

Preliminary Notes


Chapter 1. The Hidden Ancestral Human Nature

Chapter 2. Global Access to Quality of Life: Human and Ecological Domains. An Evolutive Concept of Poverty and Marginality

Chapter 3. Political and Financial Corporate Powers Drive Informational Development and Expansion of Prevalent Groups of Opinion. The Internet Missile and Its Limitations to Penetrate Cultural Structures

Chapter 4. Institutional Attempts to Translate into Figures the Presence of Global Developmental Conditions. Further Contrasting Data on the World State of Affairs Regarding Social Equity

Chapter 5. Further Consequences of Socio-Political Practices

Chapter 6. Additional Factors Feeding the ‘Grand Divide’

Chapter 7. The Sociocultural gap: Possible Paths towards the Future. Greed and Profit are the Backbones of Capitalism; Social Benefits Are just a Spin-off and an Instrument for Further Expansion of Dominance. The Concept of Profit as Fuel for Human Evolution. Relative Rates of Technological Evolution Concerning the Population’s Critical Knowledge and Awareness

Chapter 8. The Homo inside the Sapiens: The Evolutive Concept of Dominance and Its Widespread Expression at All Levels of the Human Sociocultural Domain. Social Inequity and Its Evolutive Anlage. The Global Human Condition, Another Version of the Cultural Derivation from Our Animal Heritage. Technological Development and Extraterrestrial Space Exploration: Reaching the Event Zone of Our Human Exploratory Drive




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