Soil Contamination: Sources, Assessment and Remediation

Jesper E. Lund (Editor)

Series: Agriculture Issues and Policies
BISAC: TEC003060

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In this compilation, the authors present the results of the systematic study of the spatial distribution of trace metals in surface soil over the Bitola Region, Republic of Macedonia, known for its coal mine and thermoelectrical power plant activities. 149 soil samples were collected including top-soil and bottom-soil samples. Following this, the area in the vicinity of lead–zinc mine “Toranica” near the Kriva Palanka town in Eastern Macedonia was examined for the lithogenic and anthropogenic distribution of 17 elements, and alluvial soil samples and authomorphic soil samples were collected from the Kriva Reka River Basin.

The authors aim to contribute to our understanding of the behaviour of nanoparticles in the soil, their uptake and distribution within plants, impact of soil microbial communities, and their interactions with other pollutants. Later, the authors summarize a case study on the presence of natural U-isotopes in two soil profiles developed over sandstones from the Paraná sedimentary basin in São Paulo State, Brazil, in order to evaluate the timescale of the weathering processes taking place there. The book suggests synergistic biological mechanisms as a less expensive, environment-friendly method for remediation of pesticide polluted soils. The concluding chapter discusses biochar, a form of char and charcoal made from the partial combustion of organic materials. Its properties include high water-holding capacity, large surface area, cation exchange capacity, and impact, especially on microbial communities.

Preface

Chapter 1. Geochemical Properties of Topsoil around the Open Coal Mine and Bitola Thermoelectric Plant, Republic of Macedonia
(Trajče Stafilov, Robert Šajn, Mila Arapčeska, Ivan Kungulovski, and Jasminka Alijagić, Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, and others)

Chapter 2. Monitoring the Polymetallic Geochemistry of Soil along the Kriva Reka River Basin Due to the Anthropogenic Impact of the Pb-Zn Toranica Mine
(Trajče Stafilov, Biljana Balabanova, Robert Šajn, and Svetlana Angelovska, Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, and others)

Chapter 3. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Applications and Effects on Soil Ecosystems
(Vishnu D. Rajput, Tatiana Minkina, Alexey Fedorenko, Viktoriia Tsitsuashvili, Saglara Mandzhieva, Svetlana Sushkova, and Anatoly Azarov, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, Rostov, Russia)

Chapter 4. The Assessment of Soils Contamination from U-238 and U-234 Disequilibria Data
(Jairo Roberto Jiménez-Rueda and Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Câmpus de Rio Claro, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil)

Chapter 5. Clean-Biotechnology with Enhanced Plant-Microbial Synergistic Action: A Novel and Functional Remediation Mechanism for Pesticide Polluted Soils
(Asemoloye MD, Olowe O.M and Jonathan S.G, Department of Botany, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 6. The Improvement of Food and Soil Quality Using Biochar or Zeolite
(Z. Ioannou and V. Kavvadias)

Index

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