Safety Culture: Progress, Trends and Challenges

Michel Sacré (Editor)

Series: Safety and Risk in Society
BISAC: SOC026000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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In this compilation, the authors first analyze three components of safety culture: safety climate, safety values, and culture of prevention. The analysis includes both new empirical results and a review of earlier studies.

Following this, Safety Culture: Progress, Trends and Challenges presents a report from ethnographic work at a large grain processing facility in the American Midwest. The grain industry is inherently dangerous with its heavy equipment, confined spaces and explosive environments. Sometimes the companies value efficiency and productivity over worker safety.

Additionally, the authors examine differences in safety climate perceptions between permanent and contingent workers and associations to self-reported accidents/injuries in an organisation, considering possible relevant confounders.

Possible interventions and strategic efforts as proposed as tools for the promotion and consolidation of organizational mindfulness. These interventions focus signal setting on management level and collective interactions on front-line level. Recommendations for the application in different settings derive from areas of work organization, work design, strategic agenda and value setting, as well as from the promotion of organizational cultural preferences.

One paper presents a model that combines theories of organizational learning, human error and situation awareness in sociotechnical task environments. A hypothesis which emerges from this model is that people who possess a questioning attitude in respect to their own contribution to error causation possess a better situational awareness of their sociotechnical work environment.

Later, the effect of crew resource management training on the medical personnel of an acute medical unit is investigated, as it is an auspicious method to achieve cultural changes in high risk environments and achieve a positive safety culture.

In closing, because a core objective of the International Safety Management Code is advancement of criteria for an effective maritime safety policy, the extent to which the code has been effective is discussed.
(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. Safety Culture: Safety Climate, Safety Values and Culture of Prevention
(Simo Salminen, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland)

Chapter 2. Want to Work Safe? Go against Your Safety Culture
(Greg Wayne Walker, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Geography, Lock Haven University, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, USA)

Chapter 3. Safety Climate in Permanent and Contingent Workers: The Link with Occupational Accidents and Injuries
(S. Leitao, PhD, and Birgit A. Greiner, PhD, School of Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland)

Chapter 4. Promotion of Organizational Mindfulness and Mindful Organizing: Characteristics of a Mindful Organizational Culture
(Tammy Brandenberg, Faculty of Communication and Environment, Rhine-Waal University, Kamp-Lintfort, Germany)

Chapter 5. The Effect of Locus of Control on Organizational Learning, Situation Awareness and Safety Culture
(Nicki Marquardt, Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Communication and Environment, Kamp-Lintfort, Germany)

Chapter 6. Improving an Acute Medical Unit’s Safety Culture by Crew Resource Management
(Franziska Sophie Beck, Verena Schürmann and Nicki Marquardt, Communication and Environment, Hochschule Rhein-Waal, Kamp-Lintfort, North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany)

Chapter 7. Maritime Domain Safety Culture: Rocks and Shoals
(Christoph M. Wahner, Geoffrey W. Gill, Law Offices of Countryman and McDaniel, Los Angeles, CA, USA, and Maritime Attorney and Safety Consultant, Former Deck Officer, Long Beach, California, USA)


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