Nuclear Issues in the 21st Century: Invisible Radiation Effects on Life

Eiichiro Ochiai
Retired Professor of Chemistry, Juniata College, PA, USA
Vancouver, Canada

Series: Nuclear Materials and Disaster Research
BISAC: SCI051000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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We are in the second century of “Nuclear Age”. It started in early 20th century with a brilliant development of human knowledge about the basis of the existence in this universe: atom, nucleus, and elementary particles. The second stage of nuclear age was the applications of such knowledge. First “nuclear fission reaction” was applied to a military purpose, that is, to create an enormously powerful weapon: the atomic bomb. Then a huge amount of heat produced by nuclear fission reaction was applied to produce electricity, the so-called peaceful use of atom. During the second half of 20th century, the “nuclear industry” grew and established its power over human civilization. Now we are in the third phase of the nuclear age.
The evilness of the military application of the “nuclear” energy is well recognized and its abolishment is desired by all, as we are now facing the danger of our annihilation, due to political reasons.

The other aspect of the “nuclear” use is the so-called “peaceful” one:, nuclear power production of electricity. The nuclear industry is promoting, and the majority of people still believe in, the peaceful use of nuclear power. The third phase of the “nuclear age” started as soon as the nuclear industry was created, but has become more and more obvious in recent decades, mostly due to the severe accidents of nuclear power plants (NPP), such as Three Mile Island NPP in USA (1979), Chernobyl NPP in USSR (today’s Ukraine, 1986) and Fukushima NPP in Japan (2011).

The basic problem is “radiation” produced by the nuclear industry. Its effects on human health (and other organisms) are subtle but devastating. This book is designed to tell what serious health problems due to radiation have been observed all over the world, why radiation is so seriously dangerous, and how people including scientists, the industry and the government controlled by the industry are behaving toward radiation issues.

The basic tenet coming out of this treatment is “Radiation (of high energy) is Incompatible with Life”. The reason is: “We are living chemically, and the power of the nuclear is million times stronger than chemical power”. So we cannot resist the power of radiation from the nuclear. So we cannot live together with radiation (of high energy). This leads us to the conclusion: NO NUKES ON THIS PLANET.
(Imprint: Nova)


Part I: Introduction

Chapter 1. The Basis of the Radiation Problems: Chemical vs Nuclear Reactions

Part II. The Health Effects of Radiation Observed So Far

Chapter 2. Effects on Workers in the Uranium Mines and People Living Nearby

Chapter 3. Radium City/Girls, Thorotrast and Others

Chapter 4. Radiation Effects in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Chapter 5. Nuclear Weapons Manufacturing

Chapter 6. Fallout from Nuclear Weapon Tests

Chapter 7. Accidents at Nuclear Facilities

Chapter 8. Chernobyl Accident

Chapter 9. Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident (F-1 NPP)

Chapter 10. Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) under Normal Operating Conditions

Chapter 11. Other Incidents of Radiation Effects

Chapter 12. Effects of Natural Radiation

Part III: Radiation Effects: General Consideration

Chapter 13. Radiation: What is it?

Chapter 14. Radiation Energy vs Chemical Energy

Chapter 15. Effects of Radiation on Biomolecules in Living Organisms

Chapter 16. Effects of Low Level Radiation on Cancers: LNT Hypothesis

Part IV. Radiation Effects: Mechanisms

Chapter 17. Forms of Radioactive Nuclides Released

Chapter 18. External vs Internal Exposure

Chapter 19. Behaviors of Radioactive Substances in Human Body

Chapter 20. Targets of Radiation

Chapter 21. Physiological Manifestations of Radiation Effects

Part V. The Attitude toward Radiation of Various Sectors of Society

Chapter 22. Development of Radiation Science

Chapter 23. Nuclear Industry and the Society

Part VI: No Nuke on This Planet



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