Mars: Evolution, Geology and Exploration


Alberto G. Fairen (Editor)
Research Scientist, SETI Institute & NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA

Series: Space Science, Exploration and Policies
BISAC: SCI004000

This book’s main themes focus on the environmental evolution of Mars and the exploration of the planet. Particular emphasis is given to the understanding of Mars as a “cold” planet throughout its entire geological evolution, starting as a “wet” world where liquid water was abundant on the surface, albeit the low temperatures, and its sequential transition into a “dry” planet as temperatures turned even colder. The evolution of the environmental conditions is regarded as a determinant for the emergence and maintenance of life. The book will give insights into the evolution of a variety of landscapes relating to the geological development of Mars, and their potential to harbor life, including the analysis of relevant terrestrial analogs in Antarctica. Also discussed is the cold hydrogeological evolution of Mars as recorded in the types and sequence of deposition of the aqueous minerals existing in the surface and subsurface of the planet. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Preface: Early Mars, a Cold and Wet Planet
(Alberto G. Fairén, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

Chapter 2. Mars Evolution
(J.M. Dohm, H. Miyamoto, S. Maruyamaa, V.R. Baker, R.C. Anderson, B.M. Hynek, S.J. Robbins, G. Ori, G. Komatsu, M.R. El Maarry, R.J. Soare, W.C. Mahaney, K.J. Kim and T.M. Hare, Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan
bDepartment of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA and others)

Chapter 3. Evidence for Iceberg Rafting and Grounding on the Cold Ancient Oceans of Mars
(Alberto G. Fairén, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

Chapter 4. Glacial Origin of Fretted Terrains on Mars
(Alfonso F. Davila, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA, USA)

Chapter 5. Types and Formational Mechanisms of South Polar Troughs, Mars
(J.A.P. Rodriguez and T. Platz, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, USA and others)

Chapter 6. Coeval Synthesis of Cold Aqueous Mineralogies on Mars
(Alberto G. Fairén, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

Chapter 7. Noachian Environments of Mars and the Possible Emergence of Life
(Julio E. Valdivia-Silva, Hugo Beraldi, Maria Colin-García, José L. García-Martínez, Alejandro Heredia-Barbero, Héctor J. Durand-Manterola, Alicia Negrón-Mendoza, Fernando Ortega-Gutierrez and Sergio Ramos, SIOV, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F.)

Chapter 8. Life in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica: Indicators for the Existence of Life on Mars?
(Kris M. Hart, James M. Dohm and William C. Mahaney, School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland and others)

Chapter 9. Sampling Possible Subsurface Niches on Mars: Targeting Astrobiological Missions
(Akos Kereszturi, Konkoly Astronomical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences,
Budapest, Hungary and others)

Chapter 10. Overview of Design Analysis of a Space Mission for Sample Returning from Mars
(Giuseppe Pezzela and Antonio Viviani, Centro Italiano Ricerche Aerospaziali, Italy and others)

Chapter 11. Aerodynamics and Aerothermodynamics Assessment of Mars Sample Return Mission
(Antonio Viviani and Giuseppe Pezzela, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Italy and others)

Chapter 12. New Trends for Human Missions to Mars
(Jean Marc Salotti, Laboratoire de l’Intégration du Matériau au Système, Université de Bordeaux, France and others)



Audience: Planetary scientists and Astrobiologists, both professionals and students.

Additional information