Generation of Runaway Electron Beams and X-Rays in High Pressure Gases. Volume 1: Techniques and Measurements

Victor F. Tarasenko (Editor)
Institute of High Current Electronics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI053000

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This collective book provides a review of research concentrated on runaway electron beams and X-rays in an inhomogeneous electric field with different gases at increased pressure. Attention is also given to supershort avalanche electron beam (SAEB) in the optimal conditions. New experimental techniques and equipment, including those with picosecond time resolutions, were required for diagnostics of electrical and optical signals. The book consists of twenty-four chapters, some of which were written jointly by researchers of different teams. Some chapters consider the range of SAEB applications.

Preface

Chapter 1. Supershort Avalanches Electron Beam in High-Pressure Gases
V.F. Tarasenko, E.Kh. Baksht, D.V. Beloplotov, A.G. Burachenko, M.I. Lomaev, and D.A. Sorokin (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 2. On the Effect of Cathode Material in the Generation of Runaway Electron Beams and X-Rays in Atmospheric Pressure Air
V.F. Tarasenko, E.Kh. Baksht, A.G. Burachenko, I.D. Kostyray, and Ch. Zhang, T. Shao (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 3. Dual Pulses of Runaway Electron Beam Current During the Subnanosecond Breakdown in Nonuniform Electric Field
V.F. Tarasenko, D.A. Sorokin, M.I. Lomaev (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk,, Russia)

Chapter 4. Generation of Supershort Avalanche Electron Beams in SF6
V.F. Tarasenko, E.Kh. Baksht, D.V. Beloplotov, M.I. Lomaev, D.A. Sorokin, C. Zhang, T. Shao, and P. Yan (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 5. Fast Electrons behind Grid Cathode in Nanosecond Discharges in Atmospheric Pressure Air
V.F. Tarasenko, I.D. Kostyrya, A.V. Kozyrev, and D.V. Beloplotov (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 6. Electron Beams with Currents More than 400 A and Width Tunable Between 1.0–0.1 ns
E.Kh. Baksht, D.V. Rybka, and V.F. Tarasenko (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 7. Techniques and Detectors for Measurement of Subnanosecond and Picosecond Pulses of Electron Beam Current, Current through the Discharge Gap and Voltage
V.F. Tarasenko, D.V. Rybka, E.V. Balzovsky (Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 8. X-Rays from Long Laboratory Sparks in Air
Joan Montañya, Víctor March and Pavlo Kochkin (Electrical Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain, and others)

Chapter 9. Generation of High-Energy Electrons and X-Rays in High-Voltage Diffuse Discharges at Atmospheric Pressure with Interelectrode Gaps up to Tens of Centimeters
S.N. Buranov, V.V. Gorokhov, V.I. Karelin, P.B. Repin, A.G. Rep’ev, and A.A. Trenkin (State Corporation on Atomic Energy – Rosatom, Federal State Unitary Entity – Russian Federal Nuclear Center – All-Russian Scientific and Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, Russia)

Chapter 10. Switches based on the Open Discharge with Counter-Propagating Electron Beams
P. A. Bokhan, P. P. Gugin, M. A. Lavrukhin, I. V. Schweigert, A. L. Alexandrov, and Dm. E. Zakrevsky (A.V. Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia)

Chapter 11. Generation of Wide Aperture Electron Beams in Inert Gases of Middle Pressure
S.V. Mitko and V.N. Ochkin (Lebedev Physics Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 12. Generation of High-Energy Electrons in the Nanosecond Gas Discharges with a Hollow Cathode
N.A. Ashurbekov and K.O. Iminov (Dagestan State University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russia)

Chapter 13. Runaway Electrons in Subnanosecond Discharges in High and Ultra-High Pressure Nitrogen
S.N. Ivanov (Institute of Electrophysics, UB RAS, Ekaterinburg, Russia)

List of Contributors

Index

“The book offers to the present and future scientists valuable summary of R&D done on the generation of runaway electron beams and X-rays in high pressure gases. It will be a faithful companion to have.” - Dr. M. M. Kekez, High Energy Frequency Tesla Inc., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

The book is written for scientists involved in the study of runaway electrons, X-rays and pulsed discharges in gases at high pressure, as well as for undergraduate and graduate students. The book сan be useful for application of electron beams, X-rays, and discharges in gases at high pressure in different fields.

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