Environmental and Agricultural Research Summaries (with Biographical Sketches). Volume 9

Lucille T. Cacioppo (Editor)

Series: Environmental and Agricultural Research Summaries
BISAC: SCI026000

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This book compiles research summaries from a number of different focuses in the important field of environment and agriculture. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Part I Researcher Biographical Sketches

Chapter 1 Ilmutdin M. Abdulagatov

Chapter 2 Alicia M. Aguinaldo

Chapter 3 Luis Aldámiz-Echevarría

Chapter 4 Jaegler Anicia

Chapter 5 Denilson da Silva Bezerra

Chapter 6 Anne H. Bower

Chapter 7 Rishi R. Burlakoti

Chapter 8 Maurílio De Souza Cazarim

Chapter 9 Carla Trindade Costa

Chapter 10 Ana Lea Cukierman

Chapter 11 Diana R. Cundell

Chapter 12 Jelena Cvejic

Chapter 13 María Celina Godoy

Chapter 14 Rit Bahadur Gurung

Chapter 15 Wojciech Halicki

Chapter 16 Mohammad K. Hossain

Chapter 17 Tsuyoshi Imai

Part II Research Summaries

Chapter 18 The Influence of the Heterogeneity, Physicochemical and Structural Properties on the Recalcitrance and Conversion of Sugarcane Bagasse
Celso Sant’Anna, Wanderley de Souza and Michel Brienzo

Chapter 19 Sugarcane Crop Management in Brazil: Impact on Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics
A. M. Silva-Olaya, L. A. Frazão and F. F. C. Mello

Chapter 20 Economic Impact Assessment of Silting-Up and Erosion Processes: How Spatial Dynamic Models Coupled with Environmental Valuation Models Can Contribute to Sustainable Practices in Sugarcane Farming
Rodrigo de Campos Macedo, Cláudia Maria de Almeida, João Roberto dos Santos, Bernardo Friedrich Theodor Rudorff, Britaldo Silveira Soares Filho, Herman Rodrigues and Wilson Cabral de Sousa Jr.

Chapter 21 Environmental Implications of Using Waste from Sugarcane Industry in Agriculture
Rafael G. Botellho, Cintya A. Christofoletti, Jorge E. Correia and Valdemar L. Tornisielo

Chapter 22 Valorization of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash Waste to Produce Sustainable Clay-Based Ceramics: A Brief Review
J. N. F. Holanda

Chapter 23 Non-Linear Anisotropic Diffusion for Sugarcane Contour Extraction on Landsat - TM
Edinéia Aparecida dos Santos Galvanin, Paulo Henrique Hack de Jesus and Jéssica Cocco

Chapter 24 Carbohydrate of Sugarcane Bagasse: Promising Biomass of Bioethanol
Junli Ren, Cundian Gao, Huiling Li, Aojie Deng and Runcang Sun

Chapter 25 Multidisciplinary Approaches for Analysis of Socio-Economic and Ecological Constraints for Diversification Projects and Sugarcane Biorefineries
Noé Aguilar-Rivera, Agustín Herrera-Solano, Vidal Enríquez-Ruvalcaba, Daniel Arturo Rodríguez-Lagunes and Adolfo Castillo-Moran

Chapter 26 Integrated Management of Sugarcane (IMS): Use of Agricultural Residue
Adriana C. Lozano, Maritza Correa and Gloria M. Lopez

Chapter 27 Developments in Mud Filtration Technology in the Sugarcane Industry
T. J. Rainey, O. P. Thaval and D. W. Rackemann

Chapter 28 Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Production, Processing and Management: A Chemist’s Perspective
Solomon Omwoma, Moses Arowo, Joseph O. Lalah and Karl-Werner Schramm

Chapter 29 Application of Vinasse to Sugarcane
Aneeza Soobadar

Chapter 30 An Ideal Ecosystem and Several Problems of Our Time
Yury Kamenir

Chapter 31 Improved Gas and Vapor Detection Using Denuder Technology
Amanda L. Jenkins

Chapter 32 Environmental Protection from Thermodynamic Properties, the Performance of Refrigeration Cycles and Air Conditioning
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 33 Some Aspects of Solar and Wind Energy Resources
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 34 Rationalization of Salt-Related Processes in the Leather Industry as a Tool for Minimization of Their Environmental Impact
Karel Kolomazník, Michaela Bařinová, Jiří Pecha and Dagmar Janáčová

Chapter 35 Defuzzification of Fuzzy Concepts to Support Vulnerability Assessments of Climate Change Impacts in the Philippines
Lilibeth A. Acosta and Jemimah Mae A. Eugenio

Chapter 36 Ecological Resilience: Is It Ready for Operationalisation in Forest Management?
Gerardo Reyes and Daniel Kneeshaw

Chapter 37 Climate Change and an Australian Rainforest Conifer
Rohan Mellick

Chapter 38 A Novel Thermal Seawater Desalination Process Based on Self-Heat Recuperation
Hiroyuki Mizuno, Yasuki Kansha and Atsushi Tsutsumi

Chapter 39 Biochemical Gas Sensor “Bio-Sniffer” and Imaging System for Medical and Health Care Science
Takahiro Arakawa and Kohji Mitsubayashi

Chapter 40 Desalination of Brackish Water by Electrodialysis: Effects of Operational Parameters and Water Composition on Process Efficiency
Mourad Ben Sik Ali, Amor Hafiane, Mahmoud Dhahbi and Béchir Hamrouni

Chapter 41 Appropriate Time Scale for Aggregating Climatic Data to Predict Flowering and Boll Setting Behavior of Cotton
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 42 The Future of Post-Human Aerology: Towards a New Theory of Predictability and Nonpredictability. Volume 1 and 2
Peter Baofu

Chapter 43 Simulating Future Residential Property Losses from Wildfire in Flathead County, Montana
Tony Prato, Travis Paveglio, Yan Barnett, Robin Silverstein, Michael Hardy, Robert Keane, Rachel Loehman, Anthony Clark, Dan Fagre, Tyron Venn and Keith Stockmann

Chapter 44 Potential Impact of CO2 Emissions on the Seafloor
G. Caramanna and Sebastian Hennige

Chapter 45 Moths in Forests: Environmental Factors Versus Distance
Urwa Alalouni, Jörg Müller, Hermann Hacker and Roland Brandl

Chapter 46 Towards Integration of Bacterial Genomics in Plants for Enhanced Abiotic Stress Tolerance: Clues from Transgenics
Syed Sarfraz Hussain, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Sergiy Lopato

Chapter 47 Advances in Microbes-Assisted Phytoremediation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Progresses and Limitations
Ravindra Kumar Gautam and Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya

Chapter 48 The Green Revolution: Development of Sustainable Energy Research and Applications
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 49 Climatic Factors and Soil Moisture Status during the Production Stage and Its Statistical Relation with Cotton (Gossypium barbadense) Production
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 50 Decentralization, Forest and Poverty: Framework and Case Studies from Ethiopia
Abrar Juhar Mohammed

Chapter 51 Lead Adsorption into Activated Carbon: A Critical Review of the Literature
Hafiz Salih, Salma Musaad, Craig Patterson, George Sorial and Michael Schock

Chapter 52 Energy Efficiency Improvement Utilising High Technology: The Path Forward for Renewable Energy Use in Industry, Buildings and Sustainable Development
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 53 Clean and Green Energy Technologies, Sustainable Development and Environment
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 54 A Review of the Published “Environmental Flows” Research: Global and China
X. Ban

Chapter 55 The Study of Biodiversity Corals Community on Coral Reefs of Vietnam
Yuri Ya. Latypov

Chapter 56 Microbial Community in Heavy Metal Bioremediation: Current Trends and Future Perspectives
Raman Kumar, Rohit Sharma and Anil K. Sharma

Chapter 57 Relationship between Climatic Factors Prevailing Prior to Flowering or Subsequent to Boll Setting and Cotton Production: Statistical Nature
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 58 Bacterial Endophytes Inhabiting Potato Plants (Solanum tuberosum L.)
Martha-Helena Ramírez-Bahena, Carmen Tejedor and Alvaro Peix

Chapter 59 Common Scab Disease in Central Europe
Iveta Pánková, Václav Krejzar, Petr Sedlák and Vladimíra Sedláková

Chapter 60 Cunila D. Royen Ex. L., Glechon Epl. and Hesperozygis Epl. (Lamiaceae) in South America: An Ethnobotanical and Phytochemical Review
G. Agostini, T. S. Ribeiro, S. Moura, S. Echeverrigaray and T. T. Souza-Chies

Chapter 61 Stepwise Screening to Select of Natural Substances for Control of Postharvest Aflatoxigenic Fungi in Maize and Peanut Agroecosystems
María Alejandra Passone, Natalia Girardi and Miriam Etcheverry

Chapter 62 Peculiarities of Photosynthesis of Wheat Genotypes Contrast in Grain Yield and Their Use in Breeding Programs
Jalal A. Aliyev

Chapter 63 Cotton Pests and the Actual Strategies for Their Management Control
Nabil El-Wakeil and Adly M. M. Abdallah

Chapter 64 Cotton Production and Climatic Factors: Studying this Relationship by Different Applied Statistical Methods
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 65 Cheese Whey as a Source of Active Peptides: Production, Analysis, Purification and Animal and Human Trials
F. A. Riera Rodríguez, A. Fernández Martínez and C. Muro Urista

Chapter 66 Technological and Chemical Characterization of PDO Cheeses of Italy
Giuseppe Zeppa, Simona Belviso, Marta Bertolino, Barbara Dal Bello and Manuela Giordano

Chapter 67 Biotechnological Conversion of Whey into High-Value Products
Stanislav Obruca, Ivana Marova and Milan Certik

Chapter 68 Apple Pomace: Source of Value Added Products
Francielo Vendruscolo, Patrícia Melchionna Albuquerque, Fernanda Streit, Elisa Espósito and Jorge Luiz Ninow

Chapter 69 Trends in Precision Agriculture for Sugarcane Biorefineries Competitiveness
Noé Aguilar-Rivera, Joaquín Murguía González, Daniel Arturo Rodriguez Lagunes and Adolfo Castillo Moran

Chapter 70 Fruit Based Functional Beverages: Properties and Health Benefits
Niharika Chandra, Krishnamoorthy Hegde, Gurpreet Singh Dhillon and Saurabh Jyoti Sarma

Chapter 71 Alkali Marshes of Central-Europe: Ecology, Management and Nature Conservation
Balázs Deák, Orsolya Valkó, Béla Tóthmérész and Péter Török

Chapter 72 A Meta-Analysis of the Bacterial and Archaeal Diversity Observed in Wetland Soils
Junbao Yu, Xiaofei Lv, Bin Ma, Fanzhu Qu, Kai Ningand Huifeng Wu

Chapter 73 Fluxes of CO2 and CH4 under Different Types of Coastal Salt Marshes of the Yellow River Delta: Dynamic Changes and Driving Factors across Different Seasons
Luping Song, Lihua Zhang, Hong-Bo Shao, Liwen Zhang and Bingchen Wang

Chapter 74 Physiological Adaptive Mechanisms of Plants Grown in Saline Soil and Implications for Sustainable Environmental Development in a Coastal Zone
Kun Yan, Hong-Bo Shao, Chuyang Shao, Shijie Zhao and Marian Brestic

Chapter 75 Effects of Organic Acids on Nutrients Mobilization of Soils with Different Soil Acidity in the Coastal Zone, Shandong, China
Gang Xu, Junna Sun, Yingchun Lv and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 76 Phosphorus Release from the Soils in the Yellow River Delta: Dynamic Factors and Implications for Eco-Restoration
Gang Xu, Junna Sun, Yu Wu and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 77 Comparative Physiological Study between Cultivated and Wild Soybean Species under Salt Stress
Peng Chen, Hongyan Wang, Xiaoli Tang, Marian Brestic and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 78 Comparative Study of Salt Physiology for Soybean Species: Osmotic and Ionic Stresses
Peng Chen, Xiaoli Tang, Hongyan Wang and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 79 Global Plant-Responding Mechanisms to Salt Stress: Physiological and Molecular Aspects
Xiaoli Tang, Xingmin Mu, Hong-Bo Shao, Hongyan Wang and Marian Brestic

Chapter 80 Photosynthetic Characterization of Three Dominant Plant Species in the Salt Marshes of the Yellow River Delta, China
Lihua Zhang, Kun Yan, Liye Chu and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 81 Progress in Plant-Plant Facilitation in Coastal Wetlands Ecosystem
Liwen Zhang and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 82 A Survey on Serious Heavy Metal Pollution in Water Ecosystems of China
Liwen Zhang and Hong-Bo Shao

Chapter 83 An Assessment of Hydropedological Factors of the Salt Marsh Environment of Chittagong Coastal Area in Bangladesh
Md. Shafiqul Islam, Hossain Zamal and Muhammad Shah Alam

Chapter 84 Mechanism of Metal Transporters in Plants
Anindita Mitra, Soumya Chatterjee, Sibnarayan Datta, Sonika Sharma, Vijay Veer, Bam H. M. Razafindrabe, Clemens Walther and Dharmendra K. Gupta

Chapter 85 Metal Transporters for Uptake, Sequestration and Translocation
Sarra Arbaoui, Rym Ben Slimane, Salah Rezgui and Taoufik Bettaieb

Chapter 86 Update on Mechanisms Involved in Arsenic and Chromium Accumulation, Translocation and Homeostasis in Plants
Paola S. González, Melina A. Talano, Ana L. Wevar Oller, Sabrina G. Ibañez, María I. Medina and Elizabeth Agostini

Chapter 87 Mechanisms and Engineering Plant Metal Accumulation and Transport
Rajeev Kumar Sarma, Varghese Inchakalody, Hema Jagadeesan and Sathishkumar Ramalingam

Chapter 88 Plant Metabolomics and its Application to Explore Metal Toxicity Mechanism
Xiangfeng Zeng, Alexandra Lynn, Shuhe Wei and Jun Wang

Chapter 89 A Review on Plant Mechanisms for Uptake, Transport and Bio-Concentration of Toxic Heavy Metals
Monalisa Mohanty

Chapter 90 Heavy Metal Uptake and the Effect on Plant Growth
Paulo Ademar Avelar Ferreira, Gustavo Brunetto, Admir José Giachini and Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares

Chapter 91 In Vitro Selection of Plants for the Removal of Toxic Metals from Contaminated Soil: Role of Genetic Variation in Phytoremediation
Sonika Sharma, Soumya Chatterjee, Sibnarayan Datta, Anindita Mitra, Mohan G. Vairale, Vijay Veer, Ankita Chourasia and Dharmendra K. Gupta

Chapter 92 Phytoremediation of Multiply Metal-Contaminated Environments: Synergistic and Competitive Effects between Heavy Metals During Uptake and Transport
Esra Üçüncü, Alper Devrim Özkan, Tolga Tarkan Ölmez and Evren Tunca

Chapter 93 Exploring Potential of Using Phytoremediation for Co-Contaminated Soils
Chibuike Chigbo and Ernest O. Nnadi

Chapter 94 Heavy Metal Remediation by Dead Plants and Algae
Reza Panahi and Mina Ebrahimi

Chapter 95 Nitrogen Fertilizers and Nitrite-Nitrate Accumulation in Foodstuffs: A Survey
Marco Iammarino and Aurelia Di Taranto

Chapter 96 Production of Granular Urea as Nitrogenous Fertilizer
Ivana M. Cotabarren, Diego E. Bertin, Sussy Veliz Moraga, Leonardo Mirazú, Juliana Piña and Verónica Bucalá

Chapter 97 Influence of Application Symbiotic (B. japonicum), Associative (A. brasilense) and Non Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria (A. chroococcum) on the Yield and the Quality of Soybean Grain
Suzana Kristek, Andrija Kristek, Željko Kraljičak, Jurica Jović and Irena Antinac

Chapter 98 Review of Analyses for Nitrogen Supply in Maize and Winter Wheat - Case of Developing Countries i.e. Slovenian Experiences
Franc Bavec and Martina Bavec

Chapter 99 Renewable Energy Technologies, Sustainable Development and Environment
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 100 Bioenergy for Energy or Materials: Future Perspective through Development of Management
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 101 Use of Coal to Manufacture Carbon Integral Honeycomb Monoliths with Environmental Applications
J. M. Gatica and H. Vidal

Chapter 102 Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Diverse Fields
Rani Bushra and Mohammad Shahadat

Chapter 103 Effect of Marine Environmental Factors on the Formation Kinetics and Phase Equilibrium of CO2 Hydrate
Daeseung Kyung, Taehyung Park and Woojin Lee

Chapter 104 Biodegradation of Crude Oil by Rhizosphere Microorganisms
M. L. Ibrahim and U. J. J. Ijah

Chapter 105 Environmental Impacts and Prospects of Petroleum Production: A Case Study of the Niger Delta
E. O. Nwaichi

Chapter 106 Bedrock and Geochemical Controls on Extremophile Habitats
Dawn Cardace, D’Arcy R. Meyer-Dombard, Amanda A. Olsen and M. Niki Parenteau

Chapter 107 The Ecology and Evolution of Mycorrhizal Fungi in Extreme Soils
Shannon Schechter and Sara Branco

Chapter 108 Lichens on Metal-Rich Substrates
Sergio Enrico Favero-Longo

Chapter 109 Evolution of Salt Tolerance in Angiosperms: A Phylogenetic Approach
C. Haris Saslis-Lagoudakis, Camile Moray and Lindell Bromham

Chapter 110 The Ecology, Assembly and Evolution of Gypsophile Floras
Michael J. Moore, Juan F. Mota, Norman A. Douglas, Hilda Flores Olvera and Helga Ochoterena

Chapter 111 Physiological Adaptations of Plants to Serpentine Soil
Emily R. Palm and Elizabeth Van Volkenburgh

Chapter 112 Ecology and Evolution of Plants in Arctic and Alpine Environments
Amy L. Breen, David F. Murray, Martha K. Raynolds, Ina Timling and Donald A. Walker

Chapter 113 Drivers of Diversity in Evergreen Woody Plant Lineages Experiencing Canopy Fire Regimes in Mediterranean-Type Climate Regions
Michael C. Vasey and V. Thomas Parker

Chapter 114 The Evolutionary Ecology and Genetics of Stress Resistance Syndrome (SRS) Traits: Revisiting Chapin, Autumn and Pugnaire (1993)
Eric J. B. von Wettberg, Jayanti Ray-Mukherjee, Nathan D’Adesky, Damian Nesbeth and Seeta Sistla

Chapter 115 Ecology and Evolution of Metal-Hyperaccumulating Plants
Robert S. Boyd

Chapter 116 Methods and Discoveries in the Pursuit of Understanding the Genetic Basis of Adaptation to Harsh Environments in Mimulus
Jessica P. Selby, Annie L. Jeong, Katherine Toll, Kevin M. Wright and David B. Lowry

Chapter 117 Bryophytes: Survival in a Dry World through Tolerance and Avoidance
Dale H. Vitt, Barbara Crandall-Stotler and Andrew Wood

Chapter 118 Climate Change and the Future of Edaphic Floras
Barbara Fernandez-Going

Chapter 119 Conservation and Restoration of Chemically Extreme Edaphic Endemic Flora in the Western US
Ryan E. O’Dell

Chapter 120 Phytoremediation and Phytomining: Using Plants to Remediate Contaminated or Mineralized Environments
Rufus L. Chaney, Roger D. Reeves, Ilya A. Baklanov, Tiziana Centofanti, C. Leigh Broadhurst, Alan J. M. Baker, Antony van der Ent and Richard J. Roseberg

Chapter 121 Synthesis and Future Directions: What Have Harsh Environments Taught Us about Ecology, Evolution, Conservation, and Restoration?
Nishanta Rajakaruna, Robert S. Boyd and Tanner B. Harris

Chapter 122 Solar Energy for Buildings: Clean Energies Utilisation and Development
Abdeen M. Omer

Chapter 123 Sustainable Development and Environmentally Friendly Energy Systems in Sudan
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 124 Landscape Matrix Fragmentation Effect on Virgin Forest and Managed Forest Birds: A Multi-Scale Study
Esa Huhta and Jukka Jokimäki

Chapter 125 Logging in the Brazilian Amazon Forest: The Challenges of Reaching Sustainable Future Cutting Cycles
Gustavo Schwartz and José do Carmo A. Lopes

Chapter 126 Photocatalytic Application of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays for Water Treatment
Jian Jun Liao and Shiwei Lin

Chapter 127 Ecologo-Geographical Lower Zoning of Boreal Forest Territories
E. I. Kuzmenko

Chapter 128 Remediation Technologies for Phosphate Removal from Wastewater: An Overview
Ravindra Kumar Gautam, Deepak Yadav, Sushmita Banerjee, Pavan Kumar Gautam and M. C. Chattopadhyaya

Chapter 129 Plant Density, Plant Growth Retardants and Cotton Yield and Its Fiber Properties
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 130 Activated Carbon for Dyes Adsorption in Aqueous Solution
See Ming Twang, Lee Lin Zhi, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, Quah Zhi Yong and Aw Yeong Pei Yee

Chapter 131 Silver Nanoparticles As a Biocide for Water Treatment Applications
Renat R. Khaydarov and Rashid A. Khaydarov

Chapter 132 Effects of the Arid Environment on Mangrove Species Reproduction on the Eastern Baja California Peninsula, México
R. Domínguez-Cadena, R. Riosmena-Rodríguez and J. L. León-de la Luz

Chapter 133 Genetic Structure and Evolution of Avicennia germinans and Rhizophora mangle along Northwestern México
Eduardo Sandoval-Castro, Raquel Muñiz-Salazar, Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez, Richard S. Dodd, Juan M. López-Vivas, Sandra C. Moreno-Medina, and Nelva L. Victoria-Cota

Chapter 134 Secondary Production of Bivalve Populations in the Mangroves Swamps
Esteban F. Felix-Pico, Mauricio Ramirez-Rodriguez and Jorge A. Lopez-Rocha

Chapter 135 Reproductive Aspects of Mangrove Bivalve Mollusks in Baja California Sur
Abril Romo-Piñera, Federico Andrés García-Domínguez and Esteban Fernando Félix-Pico

Chapter 136 Composition and Zoogeography of Fishes in Mangrove Ecosystems of Baja California Sur, México
Adrián F. González-Acosta, Gorgonio Ruiz-Campos and Eduardo F. Balart

Chapter 137 A Systematic List of Fishes from an Insular Mangrove Ecosystem in the Gulf of California
Adrián F. González-Acosta, Jeb Art Rabadan-Sotelo, Gorgonio Ruiz-Campos, Luis F. Del Moral-Flores and José Manuel Borges-Souza

Chapter 138 Seasonal Variation in the Composition and Abundance of Mojarra Species (Teleostei: Gerreidae) in a Mangrove Ecosystem in the Gulf of California, México
Leticia Jareny Ramos-Lozano, Adrián F. González-Acosta, Gustavo de la Cruz-Agüero and Gorgonio Ruiz-Campos

Chapter 139 Effects of Climate Change on Mangroves: Two Case Studies
Martha Patricia Mora Flores and Sara Cecilia Díaz Castro

Chapter 140 Structure of the Ichthyofauna Associated with Soft Bottoms in San Ignacio Lagoon, Baja California Sur, Mexico
E. Barjau-González, F. Galván-Magaña and E. Romero-Vadillo

Chapter 141 Long-Term Evaluation of Fish Assemblages and Their Anthropogenic Impact in Three Arid Mangrove Systems of the Gulf of California
Francisco Javier López Rasgado

Chapter 142 Travelling Back to Sustainable Agriculture in a Bioeconomic World: The Case of Roxbury Farm CSA
John M. Polimeni, Raluca-Ioana Iorgulescu and Richard Shirey

Chapter 143 Water and Nutrient Use Efficiency and Root Distribution of Selected Horticultural Crops
Davie Kadyampakeni, Kelly Morgan, Jose Villalobos and Robert Ebel

Chapter 144 Development of Green Energy Saving Mechanisms
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 145 Sustainable Research and Technological Development on Bio-Energy
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 146 Lentic Habitats as Study Models for Assessing Aquatic Contamination
Cintya Ap. Christofoletti, Jorge E. Correia, Júlia F. U. Marinho, Cleiton P. de Souza, Thays de A. Guedes¹, Yadira Ansoar, Ana Claudia de C. Marcato and Carmem S. Fontanetti

Chapter 147 Significant Change-Points of Subperiod Levels in Tree-Ring Chronologies as Indications of Climate Changes
Jianmin Jiang, Xiangqian Gu, Mauri Timonen, Samuli Helama and Kari Mielikäinen

Chapter 148 Differences in Bryophyte Diversity between Subalpine Abies Forests and Larix Plantations
Yoshitaka Oishi

Chapter 149 Mosses as Biomonitors of Atmospheric Pollution: Review of Methodologies
Ljiljana Janković-Mandić, Maja Đolić, Jelena Petrović, Mirjana Ćujić and Snežana Dragović

Chapter 150 Invasive Aquatic Microorganisms: Patterns of Introduction and Impacts
Alessandro Saccà

Chapter 151 Biological Invasions of Malaria Parasites and Their Bird Hosts
Luz García-Longoria, Sergio Magallanes, Florentino de Lope and Alfonso Marzal

Chapter 152 Aquatic Alien Animals in China: Their Introduction, Invasion and Management
Du Luo, Meng Xu, Xidong Mu, Dangen Gu, Hui Wei, Yexin Yang and Yinchang Hu

Chapter 153 Phenology of Prunus Mahaleb, A Fleshy Fruited Tree Invading Natural Grasslands in Argentine Pampas
Martín Raúl Amodeo and Sergio Martín Zalba

Chapter 154 The Hidden Risks and Unfulfilled Expectations of Biochar
Michael W. H. Evangelou, Annabelle Deram and Rainer Schulin

Chapter 155 Clean and Green Energy Development and Sustainable Development
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 156 Are Catchment Properties Useful Proxies for Freshwater Biodiversity?
Janne Soininen

Chapter 157 Resource Conservation and Environment Management: Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 158 An Overview on the Development of Integrated Bioenergy Devices for Improvement of Quality of Life of Poor People
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 159 Climatic Factors before and after Cotton Anthesis and its Statistical Relations Nature with Cotton Production
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 160 Application, Toxicology and Environmental Effects of Nitrobenzene
Wail Al Zoubi, Emad Alazeb and Abbas Ali alhamadani

Chapter 161 Prediction of California Bearing Ratio (CBR) for Pavement Subgrade Soils in Saturated and Unsaturated Conditions
Iok-Tong Ng and Ka-Veng Yuen

Chapter 162 Innovative Approach of the Regional Food Retail Trade
Orsolya Fehér, Szilárd Podruzsik and Olaf Pollmann

Chapter 163 The Efficacy of Growing and Consuming Locally Grown Produce in New England (USA) and New Zealand
Ben Tyson, Chelsea Pitvorec and Nick Edgar

Chapter 164 Significance of Seed and Root Crop Properties in Organic Farming
Ladislav Bláha

Chapter 165 Diagnostic Methods for Seed-Transmitted Viruses
Marcio Martinello Sanches and Fernanda Rausch Fernandes

Chapter 166 Remotely Sensed Detection and Monitoring of Crop Diseases
Jingcheng Zhang, Lin Yuan, Wenjiang Huang, Jihua Wang and Guijun Yang

Chapter 167 Rice Tolerance to the Impact of High Temperatures
J. K. Goncharova and E. M. Kharitonov

Chapter 168 Enzyme Activity Variability in Soils under Medicinal and Food-Crop Plants
Jiaojiao Zhao and Wenke Liu

Chapter 169 Determining the Efficient Relations between Climatic Factors and Cotton Flower and Boll Production Behavior by Appropriate Time Scale
Zakaria M. Sawan

Chapter 170 UHI’s Impacts on Aquatic Environments
Igor Ogashawara and Marcelo Pedroso Curtarelli

Chapter 171 The Use of the Lichen Genus Rhizocarpon in Lichenometric Dating with Special Reference to Holocene Glacial Events
Richard A. Armstrong

Chapter 172 Environmental Problems, Place Elites and Counter Elites in Depopulated Rural Areas
Angel Paniagua

Chapter 173 Fumonisin in Zambia and Neighboring Countries in a Changing Climate
Leif Sundheim and Hadush Tsehaye

Chapter 174 Major Features on Brazil’s Legislative Policy in Uranium Production and Related Environmental Aspects
Daniel Figueira de Barros and Daniel Marcos Bonotto

Chapter 175 Dissolved 222Rn and 226Ra in Groundwaters of Guarani Aquifer System and Serra Geral Aquifer at Ribeirão Preto City, São Paulo State, Brazil
Felipe Mangili Lara, Juliana Aparecida Galhardi and Daniel Marcos Bonotto

Chapter 176 Ambient Air Conditions and Emergency Department Visits in Vancouver
Mieczysław Szyszkowicz, Eugeniusz Porada and Eric Grafstein

Chapter 177 Evaluation of Urban Heat Island Effect Using MODIS Remote Sensing Data of Guangzhou, China
Xingping Wen and Xiaofeng Yang

Chapter 178 Changes in 2-DE Protein Profile of White and Red Clover Leaves in Response to Waterlogging Stress and Recovery
V. Stoychev, L. Simova-Stoilova, V. Vassileva, J. V. Jorrín Novo, I. Vaseva, V. Velikova, T. Tsonev and K. Demirevska

Chapter 179 Spatial Decision Support Systems Integrating Ecohydrology in Limited Water Resources Regions
H. Chakroun, S. Benabdallah and Z. Lili Chabaane

Chapter 180 Ecology and Conservation of the Sensitive Lichen Lobaria Pulmonaria in Mediterranean Old-Growth Forests
Brunialti Giorgio, Frati Luisa and Ravera Sonia

Chapter 181 Forecasted Changes in Growth along Different Regions of the Stem under Future Scenarios of Climate Change
Sophan Chhin

Chapter 182 Predation Risk of Artificial Ground Nests in Forest Stands, Edges, Clear-Cuts, and Forested Corridors As an Ecological Indicator
Esa Huhta, Minna Eramo and Jukka Jokimäki

Chapter 183 Expansion of the Juniperus Genus due to Anthropic Activity
Ana Cano-Ortiz, José C. Piñar Fuentes, Carlos J. Pinto Gomes, Carmelo M. Musarella and Eusebio Cano

Chapter 184 Geospatial Technologies to Support Coniferous Forests Research and Conservation Efforts in Mexico
José Luis Silván Cárdenas, Nirani Corona Romero, José Mauricio Galeana Pizaña, Juan Manuel Nuñez Hernández, and José Manuel Madrigal Gómez

Chapter 185 Buried Organic Matter in Different Sites of Ross Sea (Antarctica): Transformation Processes As Function of Sedimentation Time
E. Bartolucci, N. Calace, F. Giglio, M. Pietroletti and M. Ravaioli

Chapter 186 Sedimentation and Transformation Processes of Organic Matter from Water Column to Sediment in a Polynya (Ross Sea, Antarctica)
E. Bartolucci, N. Calace and M. Pietroletti

Chapter 187 GRSP Amount and Compositions: Importance for Soil Functional Regulation
Qiong Wang and Wenjie Wang

Chapter 188 The Influence of Humic Acids on Research in Molecular Ecology
Yong Wang, Masahito Hayatsu and Takeshi Fujii

Chapter 189 Role of Humic Materials: In the Dispersion of Radioactive Contaminants in the Environment
Abd-Allah A. Helal

Chapter 190 Application of Adjoint Equations to Problems of Dispersion and Control of Pollutants
Yuri N. Skiba and David Parra-Guevara

Index

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