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Altaic Research Institute of the Altai Republic, Gorno-Altai, Republic of Altai/Russia
Part of the book: Applications of Traditional Equestrian Sports in the World
Physical culture and sport, as a product of certain historical conditions for the development of society, form the sum of the historically revealed results of human spiritual activity. It should be noted that the favorite pastimes of the indigenous people of the Altai Mountains have always been equestrian sports, especially wrestling and archery. These three sports have meanings and functions beyond being a sports format, especially for the indigenous Turkish peoples who have lived in this geography for at least three thousand years. Since Altai Turkic peoples are nomadic societies, horses have been a mobile vehicle for them. It has been an integral part of their religious, economic, political, social, and national structure and life. Therefore, equestrian sports games have become an integral part of the social ceremonies held for these elements. The horse, which takes place in every stage of the social structure and life of the Altai indigenous peoples, has also been instrumental in the emergence of many equestrian sports games. But in this study, we will talk about the five equestrian sports we did in the “People’s Game” (El-Oiyn) festival, which we have been celebrating since 1988. These equestrian sports are “At-çabış”/Traditional horse racing, “Emdik Űrediş”/similar to classical rodeo, “Kök Börű”/God wolf, “Telengit Kűreş”/wrestling on horseback, “Jyugyurush”/running after a horse.
Keywords: Altai, folk game, equestrian sports games, equestrian culture
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