Chapter 21. Thyroid Hormone


Maciej Haduch, Dorota Bartusik-Aebisher and David Aebisher
Medical College of The University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland

Part of the book: The Biochemical Guide to Hormones


Thyroid hormones provide the body with proper metabolism thanks to which our organs function as they should, and also indirectly participate in the thermoregulation of our body. They are also very important in our immune system by acting on the appropriate receptors responsible for the transformation of monocytes into macrophages, and as a result of which it will be possible to effectively respond to microorganisms attacking our body. The thyroid gland also affects our calcium economy through the action of calcitonin, thanks to which the level of this element is not too high. It is necessary to realize the important role of the thyroid gland and its hormones in our body, as well as iodine, and be aware of serious complications caused by diseases related to disorders of the synthesis of these compounds.

Keywords: thyroid hormones, DNA, iodine, hormones, calcitonin, proteins


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