Chapter 12. A Horse Game from the Ottoman Empire to Today’s Anatolia: Lobud Throwing


Mehmet Türkmen1 and Ünal Türkçapar2
1Muş Alparslan University & Kyrgyzstan-Turkey Manas University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
2Sutcu Imam University & Kyrgyzstan-Turkey Manas University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Part of the book: Applications of Traditional Equestrian Sports in the World


A cop is a slightly elliptical, knot-free stick made of flexible and dry wood, the length of which is 80 cm, and the edges of which are blunted. The game played on horseback with this stick called cop is named particularly as ‘Egyptian Wood Game.’ It is a traditional equestrian game in which competitors on horseback try to make the sticks, by hitting them on the ground, bouncing over a thick rope connecting two poles with heights of 5-6 m and a distance of approximately 6-7 m in between. The Egyptian Wood Game played frequently in the Ottoman period and in the 1960s in Turkey was no more practiced in Turkey for the last fifty years except in a few locations in West Anatolia. Significance: Almost every day, a traditional cultural element disappears also in Turkey which is among the countries deeply affected by the globalization of the world. This study was conducted because the scope of studies on these issues diminished and there were even no theoretical resources as sometimes there were no practical sources. Objective: Introduction of this traditional game, which does not exist in written records, to the Turkic sports literature by correctly underlining its rules and procedures. Methodology: Monograph was composed in the form of a compilation, also observations were included by paying a visit to Karapurcek town of Susurluk district of Balikesir province of Turkey and certainly unique and distinctive images were used. Result: It was deduced that Egyptian wood game which was known to be played in the palace and its environs in the late period of Ottomans was especially an integral part of social ceremonies in West Anatolia until the 1960s, and as of the 1960s, lost gradually its character making it the constituent part of festivals and at present, was practiced only in a limited format in a few small local festivals in combination with a performance of drum and clarion.

Keywords: labut, Egyptian stick, cop (stick), equestrian sports, traditional game


Ahmet Cevat Pasha (1299/1882). Târîh-i askerî-i Osmânî. Kitâb-ı evvel-cild-i evvel [ek],
Mecmû’a-i eşkâl [Ottoman military history], İstanbul: La Turquie Matbaası; Paris:
Ernest Loro [Leroux]. Turkish and Ottoman edition.
Ant, M. (1959). Kırk Gün Kırk Gece [Forty Days Forty Nights], İstanbul: Taç Yay./Tach
Publications. Turkish edition.
Ant, M. (1962). Gönlü Yüce Türk [Heart sublime Turkish], Ankara: Dost Pub. Turkish edition.
Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivleri [Premiership Ottoman Archives], Babıâli Document Room
(BOA, BEO: 1694/126980); Hijri (Month) Calendar: H-07-04-1319/July 24, 1901.
Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivleri [Premiership Ottoman Archives], Interior Ministry
Document Item (BOA, DH. MTV: 44/16); Historical: Hijri (Month): H-23-04-1329/April 23, 1911.
Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivleri [Premiership Ottoman Archives], Supreme Order of
Abdulmecid I (BOA, AE. SABH. I): 60/4205; Hijri (Month): H-22-08-1200/June 20, 1786.
Delibası, A. S. (1947). Tarihte Halk Temaşası [Folk Entertainment in History], Ankara:
CHP Halkevleri Representation Publications. Turkish Edition.
Devellioglu, F. (1993). Osmanlıca-Türkçe Ansiklopedik Sözlük [Ottoman-Turkish
Encyclopedic Dictionary], 13th edition, prep. by A. Sami, Ankara: Aydın Kitapevi.
Eralp, T. N. (1993). Tarih boyunca Türk toplumunda silâh kavramı ve Osmanlı
İmparatorluğunda kullanılan silâhlar [The concept of weapons in Turkish societies
throughout history and the weapons used in the Ottoman Empire], Ankara: Atatürk
Culture Center Publications. Turkish edition.
Gokalp, M. (1964). “Kars ve Dolaylarında Cirit Oyunu/Javelin in and around Kars game,”
TFA [TJFS], Vol 9, No 181, 41-43 pp. Turkish edition.
250 Mehmet Turkmen and Ünal Türkçapar
Hafız Hızır İlyas Aga, (1987). History-i Enderun-Letaif-i Enderun (1812-1830), Trans. C.
Kayra, Istanbul: Gunes Publishing. Turkish edition.
Pakalın, M. Z. (1983). Osmanlı Tarih Deyimleri ve Terimleri Sözlüğü [Ottoman Idioms and
Terms Dictionary], V. I., 13th edition, Istanbul: National Education Publishing. Turkish edition.
Turkman, M. (1996). Türklerde Geleneksel Atlı Sporların Yapılışı, Kaynağı ve Bilinmeyen
Yeni Boyutları [Construction of traditional equestrian sports in Turks, source and
unknown new dimensions], Unpublished PhD Thesis, Istanbul: Marmara University Institute
of Health Sciences. Turkish edition. genel/kuluplerimiz/133-usakcirit


Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!