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Nurmira Abdybekova1, Cholpon Ryspaeva2 and Pramod Kumar3
1Kyrgyz State Academy of Physical Culture and Sport, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
2International University of Innovative Technology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
3Sharda University, Greater Noida, India
Part of the book: Applications of Traditional Equestrian Sports in the World
The history of a nomadic civilization is an era with a length of almost three millennia and the foundation was laid by Scythians in the 8th century BC. From the coast of the Pacific Ocean to the Eurasian tundra and the Carpathians, lands of Huns and Germans in Europe; mountains, steppes, and deserts of Central, East Asia and the Middle East – here it is the existential world and an area of a civilization of nomads. Spirituality and morals become important in the life of a young person. The World Nomad Games (WNG) unified more than 86 countries all over the world with horse riding and horse racing as Kok boru is an ancient, popular equestrian sports game in Kyrgyzstan and other nations in Asia. Therefore, the devis of the World Nomad Games (WNG) is “United in spirit, united in force.” It has been determined that the Kok boru is played on national holidays of the Kyrgyz nation. It has been found that this game has been played intensively since ancient times. The horse games and horse riding are mentioned in the epic «Manas». Among Kyrgyz people, the game is called “ulak tartysh” (tug-of-war or goatskin). Kok boru is a symbiosis of horse racing and other horse games. Riders are fighting for the carcass of a goat – it is necessary not only to take possession of it, but also to keep it, and then to throw it into the “tay kazan” (goal) of the opponent’s team. The game is also popular in Kazakhstan, in some regions of Russia (Altai, Bashkortostan, etc.), Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Turkey, and Mongolia.
Keywords: Turkic peoples, gray wolf, God-wolf, nomadic civilization, Kok-boru
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