Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 75


James C. Taylor (Editor)

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research
BISAC: SCI013000

This book consists of 8 chapters on the latest advances in chemistry research. Chapter 1 is devoted to the state-of-the art catalysts for pyrolysis to obtain biofuels and chemicals from biomass, plastics and other residues. The studies catalysts are critically revised, focusing on the most promising solids and their improvements using bifunctional catalysts. In addition, guidance on their future perspectives is discussed. Chapter Two focuses on a general approach to the various sulfides on the occurrence of sulfites and the methods usually used to monitor and warn about possible adverse reactions resulting from their use in food products. A case study of sulfites in meat preparations is also presented. In Chapter 3, the authors considered the methods available in literature on the synthesis of apatite-structured compounds. Chapter 4 focuses on the magnetic torque inside the superoxide radical as the driving force for oxygen activation by cofactor-free dioxygenases. In Chapter 5, the developments in covalent organic frameworks membranes over the past few years are reviewed. The fabrication methods of COF membranes, including bottom-up strategy and top-down strategy are discussed and the applications of COF membranes in liquid separation are highlighted. Finally, the existing challenges and outlook in this field are analyzed. Chapter 6 reviews various eco-friendly green and one-pot synthetic approaches useful in preparing 1,2,4-thiadiazole containing derivatives. Chapter 7 gives brief details on the chemistry, physicochemical properties, clinical uses, and chemical and photodegradation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), an anticancerous agent which is widely used in the treatment of different malignancies including stomach cancer, head and neck cancer, and breast cancer. The last chapter of this volume collectively describes the recent important catalytic roles of manganese Schiff base catalysts. The role of Mn-Schiff base complexes in biological activities is also examined.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Synthesis of Apatite-Structured Compounds: Approaches and Their Difficulties
Evgeny N. Bulanov, PhD, Oksana N. Golitsyna, Ksenia S. Stasenko and Alexander V. Knyazev
Department of Analytical and Medicinal Chemistry, Lobachevsky University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

Chapter 2. Covalent Organic Framework Membranes for Liquid Separation
Shuang Hao¹,² and Zhiqian Jia¹
¹ College of Chemistry, Normal University, Beijing, China
²State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes,
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, China

Chapter 3. Progress in One-Pot and Green Synthetic Approach for Building 1,2,4-Thiadiazole Analogues
Manoj Kumar Mahapatra
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Kanak Manjari Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rourkela, Odisha, India

Chapter 4. 5–Fluorouracil: Clinical Uses and Its Degradation Reactions
Adeela Khurshid, Zubair Anwar and Iqbal Ahmad
Baqai Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

Chapter 5. Current Update on the Role of Manganese (II/III) Schiff Base Complexes in Organic Synthesis and its Biological Applications
Chandana Sarma¹, Shashi Lata Bharati¹ and Pankaj Kumar Chaurasia²
¹Department of Chemistry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh, India
²P.G. Department of Chemistry, L.S. College, B.R.A. Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India

Chapter 6. Improving Fast Pyrolysis by Tailoring High-Quality Products Using Catalysts
M. C. Rangel, PhD, M. da Silva Carvalho, MSc, F. Martins Mayer, PhD, G. Saboia, A. Motta de Andrade, A. P. Stelzer de Oliveira and P. Leal dos Santos, BSc
Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Chapter 7. An Age-Old Problem: Sulfites in Meat Preparation
Cristina M. M. Almeida¹,²
¹Med.UL (Institute for Medicines and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Portugal), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Portugal
²Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicines, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Portugal

Chapter 8. Magnetic Torque inside the Superoxide Radical Is the Driving Force for Oxygen Activation by Cofactor-Free Dioxygenases
B. Minaev, PhD
Agriculture and Natural Sciences Department, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine