Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, Department of Biology, St. John's NL, Canada.
Abir U. (Andrei) Igamberdiev was born in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, on July 4, 1959. In 1981 he graduated from Voronezh University, Russia. He obtained PhD degree in 1985 and Doctor of Science Degree in 1992. From 2007 he works at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada. His principal interests are in the fields of photosynthesis, bioenergetics, theoretical biology, philosophy and semiotics (over 200 publications). His goal is to match the most unique problems of human knowledge to the levels of scientific and philosophic values.