Last three decades have witnessed serious deterioration of major Kashmir lakes (Wular, Dal, Nigeen, Anchar and Manasbal) due to pollution of their water and large-scale encroachment in their surroundings. Quite a good amount of research work has been carried out on the growing state of deterioration of the above named five indispensable lakes of Kashmir valley. This book gives a glimpse of the overview of these lakes along with a discussion of their water quality, diversity of flora and fauna, deterioration, state of encroachment, and the vision for their protection and restoration. This book will raise awareness about the plight of the important Kashmir lakes and the measures for their protection and restoration. Interestingly, this book compiles the most recent information on the water quality, biodiversity and the state of deterioration of the five major indispensable lakes of Kashmir valley. The discussion of the scientific vision for the protection and restoration of Kashmir lakes will greatly help our book to become a standout choice for the readers.