Yoga practice and non-communicable disease risk factors among middle-aged and older adults in India

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Author: Karl Peltzer
Page Range: 105-114
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 2
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to assess association between yoga practice and non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors among middle-aged and older adults in India. Cross-sectional data (N = 72,262, ≥45 years) from the “Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) Wave 1 in 2017-2018” were analysed. Logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between yoga practice levels and NCD risk factors. The prevalence of less than daily yoga practice was 4.4% and that of daily yoga practice 9.1%. Daily yoga practice was associated with better well-being (happiness, life satisfaction, spirituality, functional ability, better cognitive functioning and hand grip strength), and < daily and daily yoga practice had higher odds of insomnia symptoms than without yoga practice but was not associated with depressive symptoms. Regarding health risk behaviours, daily yoga practice was positively associated with high physical activity and was inversely associated with current smoking and current smokeless tobacco use, and in unadjusted analysis with heavy episodic alcohol use. With higher yoga frequency, body mass index also increased. Less than daily and daily yoga practice was positively associated with physical pain, and daily yoga practice was positively associated with hypertension. Overall, higher yoga practice levels were positively associated with 6 of 7 well-being indicators, 3 of 4 health behaviours, as well as with 4 of 8 chronic conditions. Keywords: Yoga practice, health, well-being, middle-aged, older adults, India

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