Xylenes: Synthesis, Characterization and Physicochemical Properties

Michael Olawale Daramola, PhD (Editor)
School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology, Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: TEC009010

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book contributes significantly to research in the area of the synthesis, characterization and uses of xylenes. It provides readers with an overview of not only the synthesis of xylenes, but applications of xylenes and biological treatment of xylene-contaminated media (water, air and soils). Greener techniques synthesizing xylenes from biomass feedstock are discussed. In addition, some energy-efficient processes, such as the membrane-based process, for the synthesis of xylenes are elucidated. Application of xylenes in the production of nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, is mentioned and discussed in detail.

The book also describes and discusses various techniques for the biodegradation/bioremediation of xylene contaminated media. Various studies documented in this book are thought-provoking and could provide a platform for developing further research efforts towards the development of greener and energy-efficient industrial processes for producing xylenes. This book will be of interest to industrialists in the area of xylene production, as well as graduate students and researchers in industry and academia working in the field of chemical engineering, chemistry and environmental engineering. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface pp. i-viii

Chapter 1. Xylenes: Production Technologies and Uses
(E.F. Aransiola, M.O. Daramola and T.V. Ojumu, Biochemical and Reactions Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State, Nigeria, and others)pp. 1-12

Chapter 2. Production of Xylenes by Naphtha Reforming
(Maria do Carmo Rangel, Carlos Luís Pieck, Luciene Santos Carvalho and Mario Ricardo Sad, GECCAT, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Campus Universitário de Ondina, Bahia, Brazil, and others)pp. 13-32

Chapter 3. Xylenes Production from Renewable Feedstocks
(T. Sooknoi and A. Ausavasukhi, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand, and others)pp. 33-56

Chapter 4. Influence of Platinum on the Performance of Beta Zeolite-Based Catalysts for Xylenes Production
(Maria do Carmo Rangel, Saulo de Tarso Figueiredo Grecco, Diego Rodrigues de Carvalho, Ernesto Antonio Urquieta-González, Javier Mario Grau, Patricio Reyes and Marcelo Oportus, GECCAT Grupo de Estudos em Cinética e Catálise, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Campus Universitário de Ondina, Bahia, Brazil, and others)pp. 57-70

Chapter 5. Nanocomposite MFI-type Zeolite Membrane for Separating Xylene Isomers
(M.O. Daramola, Z. Deng, A.J. Burger, A. Giroir-Fendler, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, and others)pp. 71-96

Chapter 6. Nanocomposite MFI-type Zeolite Catalytic Membrane Reactors for Isomerization of m-Xylene to p-Xylene
(M.O. Daramola, A.J. Burger, A. Giroir-Fendler, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, and others)pp. 97-116

Chapter 7. Synthesis of Nanocomposite Boron-Substituted MFI-Type Zeolite Membranes and Application to Xylene Isomers Separation
(Z. Deng, M.O. Daramola, Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science Chengdu, P.R. China, and others)pp. 117-126

Chapter 8. Thermal Decomposition of Xylene for the Synthesis of Carbon Nanomaterials
(D. He, A. Dichiara, H. Li and J. Bai, Laboratoire de Mécanique des Sols, Structures et Matériaux, École Centrale Paris, Grande Voie des Vignes, Châtenay-Malabry, France)pp. 127-154

Chapter 9. Biological Indicators of Exposure to Xylene at Work: Methods and Limitations
(L. Caporossi and B. Papaleo, INAIL- Research Area. Department of Occupational Medicine, Monteporzio Catone (RM)- Italy)pp. 155-166

Chapter 10. Biological Treatment of Xylene-Contaminated System: A Short Overview
(M.O. Daramola, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa)pp. 167-182

Index pp. 183-193

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