Workplace safety and occupational health hazards at the General Hospital in Grenada, West Indies

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Authors: Nesta Edwards, Anthony La, Emmanuel Keku, and Lindonne Telesford
Page Range: 119-129
Published in: International Public Health Journal, 15#1 (2023)
ISSN: 1947-4989

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

Healthcare workers often function in unsafe conditions, exposed to chemical, physical, biological, ergonomic, and psychosocial hazards. The study identifies workers’ perceptions of occupational hazards at a hospital in Grenada prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A retrospective mixed-method pilot study was administered to ten workers at the General Hospital in 2022. The study included a survey followed by face-to-face interviews. Convenience sampling was used to recruit nurses, orderlies, medical waste handlers, and laboratory technicians. The themes derived from responses were poor work culture, poor workplace design, staff shortage, low level of motivation, lack of ergonomically designed spaces, inadequate personal protective equipment, and insufficient planning for risk remediation. Psychological, biological, and physical hazards were found to increase during the COVID-19 pandemic period. The result of the study is indicative of occupational health risk and impacts on workers at the hospital. This information is useful to guide policy to improve safety, minimize hazards, and improve the delivery of healthcare services in Grenada.

Keywords: COVID-19, Grenada, occupational safety, physical hazards, biological hazards, psychosocial hazards, personal protective equipment, hospital environment, ergonomic

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