Wildland Fires: A Worldwide Reality

António José Bento Gonçalves and Antonio Avelino Batista Vieira (Editors)
Departamento de Geografia, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal

Series: Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety
BISAC: SCI026000

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It has been estimated that more than 30% of the global land surface is subject to a considerable frequency of vegetation fires (Chuvieco et al., 2008). Li et al. (2013, 2014) argues that fire is an important Earth system process and a primary terrestrial ecosystem disturbance agent on a global scale which depends on an array of attributes, including vegetation characteristics, climate, and human activities, and fire generates feedback by affecting biogeochemical cycles, vegetation composition and structure, land–atmosphere water and heat exchanges, atmospheric chemistry and composition, and human health and property. Although wildland fires are characteristic of certain regions and seasons, vegetation fires occur with varying regularity and severity across almost every biome on Earth (Archibald et al., 2013).

Earth’s forests and vegetation provide a vast source of fuel, and fires consume huge quantities of biomass in all ecosystems ranging across all biomes, from tundra to savanna and from boreal to tropical forests, where many of our ecosystems are considered fire dependent (Belcher, 2013). It is both friend and foe to the human race, having strongly influenced our social development and success as a species, but also acts as a serious threat to human life (Belcher, 2013). The present book outlines different perspectives regarding wildland fires, mega fires, wildland-urban interfaces, and its ecosystem impacts. It also presents different case-studies from eight countries (Portugal, Spain, Greece, Israel, Algeria, Russia, Lithuania and Chile), including valuable contributions that reflect its title: “Wildland Fires – A Worldwide Reality”.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface
(António Vieira and António Bento-Gonçalves)

Part I - Dimensions of Wildland Fires

1 - Wildland Fires
(António Bento-Gonçalves, António Vieira, Flora Ferreira-Leite and Luís da Vinha, Centro de Estudos em Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, Departamento de Geografia, University of Minho, Portugal, and others)

2 - Mega-Fires Around The World: A Literature Review
(Flora Ferreira-Leite, António Bento-Gonçalves, António Vieira and Luís da Vinha, Bolseira da FCT, Centro de Estudos em Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, University of Minho, Portugal, and others)

3 - Wildland Fire: Impacts On Forest, Woodland, and Grassland Ecological Processes
(Daniel G. Neary and Jackson Leonard, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Air, Water, and Aquatic Environments Program, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA)
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Part II - Wildland Fires in the World

4 - Forest Fires in Portugal - Brief Characterization
(Flora Ferreira-Leite, António Bento-Gonçalves, António Vieira and Luís da Vinha, Bolseira da FCT, Centro de Estudos em Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, University of Minho, Portugal, and others)

5 - Wildfires in Spain: Causes, Evolution and Effects
(Nicolás Gómez Armisen and Xavier Úbeda, Department of Physical Geography and Regional Analysis. Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, and others)

6 - Forest Fires in Greece: Past, Present and Future
(Gavriil Xanthopoulos, Hellenic Agricultural Organization “Demeter”, Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems and Forest Products Technology, Athens, Greece)

7 - Forest fires in Algeria: Occurrences, Causes and Prevention
(Zahira Souidi, António Bento-Gonçalves and António Vieira, Laboratoire LRSBG, University Mustappha Stambouli of Mascara, Algeria, and others)

8 - Wildland Fires in Israel
(Lea Wittenberg and Dan Malkinson, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Israel, and others)

9 - Wildfires in Lithuania
(Paulo Pereira, Artemi Cerda and Ieva Misiune, Environmental Managament Centre, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania, and others)

10 - Wildfires in Russia: Features, Regimes and Consequences
(Anna S. Tsibart, N. S. Gamova, T. S. Koshovskii and A. N. Gennadiev, Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Russia, and others)

11 - Diagnosis of Forest Fires in Chile
(Miguel Castillo Soto, Dr. Natural Resources and Sustainability, Laboratory of Forest Fire, University of Chile, Casilla, Santiago de Chile, Chile)

Index

Audience: Specialized book-shops in forest, wildland fires, ..., Scientists, forest managers, fire fighters, naturalists, general public

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