What Are Finnish Teachers Made Of? A Glance at Teacher Education in Finland Yesterday and Today

Merja Paksuniemi, PhD, Satu Uusiautti, PhD and Kaarina Määttä, PhD
University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland

Series: Education in a Competitive and Globalizing World
BISAC: EDU043000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The purpose of this book is to provide a special viewpoint on the development of the Finnish school system and teacher education. Understanding the success of today requires information about the past. The book covers the history, ideological background, and development of Finnish teacher education from the 19th century to today. The historical review uses a northern Finnish teacher training college of Tornio as the example.

This book provides interesting information about the ideological foundation of the first teacher training colleges, description of how the ideology was applied in the practice of teacher training, and how students were selected for teacher training. The development of teacher training faced certain hardships too. What happened in Finnish society since the establishment of teacher training colleges in the second half of the 19th century affected Finnish teacher training significantly. The book brings out the special circumstances in Finland at the beginning of the 20th century focusing on the war years of 1939-1945.

This book, in a very tangible manner, presents the implementation of the educational ideologies of Finnish colleges and elementary schools shedding light on the success story of the Finnish educational system as it has been continuously ranked among the best in the world. The Finnish ethos of seeing education as an act of social justice seems still functional. The belief in the value of learning and education as the means to achieve success has been strong in Finland already for over a hundred years.

This book provides a multidimensional description of the historical phases of the Finnish teacher education up to today. The book is aimed at the professional, academic audience, and practitioners and researchers, including historians and educators, teachers and teacher educators, and everyone interested in the educational system of Finland and its history. (Imprint: Nova)

Foreword

Publication Details of the Articles

Introduction: The Birth of Finnish Teacher Education

Chapter 1: Teacher Education at Finnish Teacher Training Colleges at
the Beginning of the 20th Century

Chapter 2: Teacher Education during the Second World War

Chapter 3: Finnish Teacher Education Today

Epilogue: Finnish Teachers Acting for the Children – Discipline and Love Combined

List of Archival Sources

References

About the Authors

Index

"...Already in the 1920s, Finland understood that teachers had to be educated for the need of the whole country, and therefore, teacher educated was also started in the Teacher Training College of Tornio, in North-Finland. Today, the University of Lapland in Rovaniemi educates teachers in this region." READ MORE... - Dr. Maija Rask, PhD, former Minister of Education

"Drs. Merja Paksuniemi, Satu Uusiautti, and Kaarina Määttä have answered to the call for scientific books explaining the Finnish education system by introducing the early phases of the Finnish education system. However, the book is not just historical but it extends the review to the present day." READ MORE... - Dr. Erika Sarivaara, Sámi Parliament, Norway

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