Water Scarcity: Global Perspectives, Issues and Challenges

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Saeid Eslamian, PhD – Professor, Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
Prabal Barua, PhD – Program Manager, Young Power in Social Action, Bangladesh
Faezeh Eslamian, PhD – Department of Bioresources Enginering, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Series: Water Resource Planning, Development and Management
BISAC: SCI081000; SCI092000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/TAUM8926

This book includes diverse perspectives on the water scarcity problem for global communities. The agriculture sector is one of the most affected sectors in the world. The authors in this book explore the adaptation techniques used by agriculture farmers to mitigate the water crisis and increase food production. This book aims to depict the main global problems and challenges that have a negative impact on water insecurity, human health, and food security, with the underlying objective of highlighting the need for reinforcing its full application in all contexts and countries.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Adaptation: A Solution to Water Scarcity
Mousa Maleki1, Saeid Eslamian2,3 and Prabal Barua4,5
1
Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA
2Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
3Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
4Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5Department of Knowledge Management for Development, Young Power in Social Action, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Chapter 2. Living on the Edge: Water Scarcity in Southern Africa – Cause and Effect in Global Perspectives, Issues and Challenges
Josephine Phillip Msangi
WELER Consulting Services, Windhoek, Namibia

Chapter 3. Freshwater Scarcity Scenario in a Coastal Area of Bangladesh
Prabal Barua1,2, Saeid Eslamian3,4, Anisa Mitra5, Md. Mazharul Islam6 and Fatema Sultana Ratna7
1
Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Department of Knowledge Management for Development, Young Power in Social Action, Chittagong, Bangladesh
3Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
4Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
5Department of Zoology, Sundarban Hazi Desarat College, West Bengal, India
6 Coastal and Ocean Management Institute, Xiamen University, China.
7 Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Chapter 4. Sustainable Management Solution for the Water Crisis in Bangladesh
Syed Hafizur Rahman1, Prabal Barua1,2, Saeid Eslamian3,4, Anisa Mitra5 and Abhijit Mitra6
1
Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnahar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Department of Knowledge Management for Development, Young Power in Social Action, Chittagong, Bangladesh
3Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
4Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
5Department of Zoology, Sundarban Hazi Desarat College, West Bengal, India
6Department of Marine Sciences, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India

Chapter 5. Combating against Water Scarcity of Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh
Debjit Roy1, Mir Nurul Hasan Mahmud1, Priya Lal Chandra Paul1,  Md Belal Hossain1, Mst Shetara Yesmin1, and Palash Kumar Kundu1
1
Irrigation and Water Management Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh

Chapter 6. The Water Scarcity Problem: A Burning Issue in Bangladesh and Global Key
Strategic Issues
Ashim Kumar Saha1,2, Prabal Barua3,4 and Saeid Eslamian5,6
1
Department of Sociology, Dhaka University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2The Leprosy Mission International-Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4Department of Knowledge Management for Development, Young Power in Social Action, Bangladesh
5Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
6Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

Chapter 7. Modeling Reference Evapotranspiration with Limited Climatic Data for Indian Regions Using Artificial Neural Networks
Shikha Chourasiya1, Bivash Talukdar1, Vikas Kumar Vidyarthi2, Aayushya Vajpayee3, Saeid Eslamian4,5 and Hemanta Medhi6
1
Department of Water Engineering and Management, CUJ Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Raipur, CG, India
3Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur, UP, India
4Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
5Center of Excellence in Risk Management and Natural Hazards, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
6Department of Civil Engineering, Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam, India

Chapter 8. Groundwater Quality: Sustainability, Challenges and Perspectives
Trinath Biswal1and Pritisha Barik1
1
Department of Chemistry, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Sambalpur, India

Chapter 9. Water Crisis and Aquaculture Sustainability: Current Status and Future Perspectives
Anisa Mitra1 and Prabal Barua2,3
1
Department of Zoology, Sundarban Hazi Desarat College, affiliated to University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India
2Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Department of Knowledge Management for Development, Young Power in Social Action, Bangladesh

Chapter 10. Urban Water Bodies (UWDs) as Alternative Water Resources for City Dwellers in the Commercial Capital of Bangladesh
Morshed Hossan Molla1 and Mohammad Abu Taiyeb Chowdhury1
1Faculty of Biological Sciences, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Index


Editor’s ORCID iD

Saeid Eslamian, PhDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4481-3201
Prabal Barua, PhDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1372-0042
Faezeh Eslamian, PhDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0702-9730