Water Conservation: Practices, Challenges and Future Implications


Monzur A. Imteaz, MD (Editor)
Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

Series: Environmental Research Advances, Water Resource Planning, Development and Management
BISAC: TEC010030

Adverse impacts of climate change are evident in many regions of the world and are likely to get worse in the future. Ever increasing urbanisation is also adding to the magnitude of severity in regards to both quantity and quality. Urban water resources and components of water cycles are likely to be affected severely. To minimise consequences on world water resources, a sustainable water resources management strategy is inevitable. Water conservation in general is a salient part of sustainable water resources management. From very early periods in time, mankind has been practicing several methods of water conservation. However, with the current global scenario, it has become more crucial to look at these methods more scientifically with a sustainable approach.

Recently, to tackle water scarcity and to achieve sustainability, water recycling has been promoted around the world. This book describes several water conservation and recycling options, practices, consequences and future implications showing case studies in different countries around the world. Among all the water recycling options, stormwater and greywater recycling is easily achievable. Initial chapters of the book deal with stormwater harvesting options through rainwater tanks in household scale; design optimisation, and water savings and reliability of such systems around different cities of the world.

A review of traditional design practice and future efficient design methodology is also outlined. Also, a scientific approach for selecting an appropriate stormwater system at the authority/institutional level has been proposed. Later chapters describe public acceptance, reuse potentials and benefits of greywater recycling options. In addition, non-structural measures (water pricing and restrictions on water usage) of water conservation have been investigated through a case study. Moving downward, to look at water quality issues, impacts of land-use and land-cover changes on lake water conservation have been presented. Eventually, to be able achieve the final goal, real-life challenges in the transition towards adaptive water governance have been presented with a case study in the USA. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface pp,vii-viii

Chapter 1. Analysis of Stormwater Harvesting Potential: A Shift in Paradigm is Necessary
(Monzur Alam Imteaz, Amimul Ahsan and A.H.M. Faisal Anwar, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia, and others)pp,1-12

Chapter 2. Rainwater Harvesting as a Means of Water Conservation: An Australian Experience
(Ataur Rahman, Joseph Keane and Khaled Haddad, University of Western Sydney, Australia)pp,13-26

Chapter 3. Water Supply Through Rainwater Harvesting in Urban Areas
(Mohammad Hossein Rashidi Mehrabadi and Fereshte Haghighi Fashi, Department of Technical and Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, and others)pp,27-44

Chapter 4. Decision Dilemma in Adapting Stormwater Systems to Climate Change: A Tale of Three Cities
(Oz Sahin, Raymond Siems, Rudi van Staden and Graham Jenkins, Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia)pp,45-64

Chapter 5. Public Acceptance of Alternative Water Sources
(Ana Kelly Marinoski, Arthur Santos Silva, Abel Silva Vieira
and Enedir Ghisi, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Florianópolis-SC, Brazil)pp,65-88

Chapter 6. Challenges and Potentials of Reusing Greywater to Reduce Potable Water Demand
(Cristina Santos and Cristina Matos, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal, and others)pp,89-114

Chapter 7. Reuse of Laundry Greywater in Irrigation: Potential Changes in Soil Parameters
(A.H.M. Faisal Anwar and Monzur Alam Imteaz, Department of Civil Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Australia, and others)pp,114-126

Chapter 8. Impacts of Water Price and Restrictions in Water Demand: A Case Study for Australia
(Md. Mahmudul Haque, Amir Ahmed and Ataur Rahman, University of Western Sydney, Australia, and others)pp,127-146

Chapter 9. Impacts of Land Use and Land Cover Changes on a Mountainous Lake
(Hassen M. Yesuf, Tena Alamirew, Mohammed Assen and Assefa M. Melesse, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia, and others)pp,147-164

Chapter 10. Challenges in the Transition Toward Adaptive Water Governance
(Kofi Akamani, Department of Forestry, Southern Illinois University,
Carbondale, Illinois, USA)pp,165-178

Index pp,179-190

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