Wages and Employment: Economics, Structure and Gender Differences


Arijit Mukherjee (Editor)
School of Business and Economics, Sir Richard Morris Building, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK

Series: Business Issues, Competition and Entrepreneurship, Business, Technology and Finance
BISAC: BUS025000

There is little doubt that significant income inequality persists across as well as within countries, and that wage differential exists between male and female workers across the industries and within establishments. The differences in earnings not only affect the well-being of the current generation but also have major long-term impacts on health, education and skill formation of future generations. Although an important goal of a country is to improve the well-being of their workers, the ways to achieve this goal may differ.

This book presents recent research on labor economics, addressing issues such as gender wage gap, regional wage disparity, inter-and intra-industry wage inequality, the wage effects of immigration and the effects of wage negotiations in organizations. There are three parts in this book. Part A contains five chapters addressing the issue of gender wage gap. Part B contains five chapters on regional studies to show the effects on wage, skill formation and the correlation between public and private sector employments. Part C focuses on wage negotiations in organizations. The book provides several important insights into many contemporary labor market issues. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Part A: Gender Wage Gap

Chapter 1. The Semiparametric Juhn-Murphy-Pierce Decomposition of the Gender Pay Gap with an Application to Spain
(Ignacio Moral-Arce, Stefan Sperlich and Ana Fernández-Sainz, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Ministry of Finance, Spain and others)

Chapter 2. Low-wage Employment and Gender Pay Gap in OECD Countries
(Manuel Salas Velasco, University of Granada, Spain)

Chapter 3. Effects of Job Satisfaction on Wages and Gender Wage Differentials: A Simultaneous Equations Approach
(Madhu S. Mohanty, California State University, Los Angeles, CA, USA)

Chapter 4. The Commute to Work and the Gender Wage Differential: International Analyses
(Paul W. Miller, School of Economics and Finance, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia)

Chapter 5. Inter- and Intra-industry Wage Inequality and Potential Impact of Automation in the Economy
(Qing-Ping Ma, Nottingham University Business School, China and others)

Part B: Regional Study

Chapter 6. Geographical Economics and Income Disparities: Evidence from Europe, Spain and Romania
(Jesús López-Rodríguez and Andrés Faíña, Universidad de A Coruña, Spain and ot)

Chapter 7. The Impact of Immigration on Wages in Amsterdam and Rotterdam
(Jeroen van der Waal, Department of Sociology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands)

Chapter 8. Crowding-in or Crowding-out? Employment in the Public and the Private Sector in the OECD
(Ana Lamo, Javier J. Pérez and A. Jesús Sánchez-Fuentes, European Central Bank, Germany and others)

Chapter 9. Reinventing the Skilled Region: Human Capital Externalities and Industrial Change
(Daniel F. Heuermann, Faculty of Economics, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany)

Chapter 10. How Significant are Service Sector Wages in Attracting and Retaining Recent Graduates? A Comparison between Singapore and Hong Kong
(Faizal bin Yahya and Sarjune Ibrahim S/O Sitheek, Institute of Policy Studies, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore)

Part C: Wage Negotiation

Chapter 11. Uncertainty in Wage Increase Negotiation and Decisions; An Approach from Flexible Fuzzy Inference System (FIS)
(Festus Oluseyi Oderanti, Newcastle University Business School, Newcastle, UK)

Chapter 12. Government’s Tax Preference, Unionization Structure, and Privatization
(Leonard F.S. Wang and Jen-Yao Lee, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan and others)

Chapter 13. Is Unemployment Attributable to Globalization? The Role of Labour Unions and its Policy Implications
(Yingyi Tsai and Ching-lin Wei, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan)


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