Volcanic Ash: Chemical Composition, Environmental Impact and Health Risks

Danielle Graver (Editor)

Series: Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: NAT009000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Ash produced as a consequence of explosive volcanic eruptions can cause multiple hazards both close to the volcano and at great distances. Explosive volcano eruptions often release volcanic plumes into the atmosphere, which consist of tephra (submillimeter-sized rock particles), water vapor and other gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Particles from volcano eruptions are transported by wind to thousands of kilometers away, or even over 10,000 km from their source for some fine particles. This book discusses the environmental impact and health risks volcanic ash poses as well as its chemical composition.

(Imprint: Novinka)


Chapter 1 - Attracting Structures in Volcanic Ash Transport and the Correlation to Environmental Hazard Zones (pp. 1-14)
Jifeng Peng and Peter Webley (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alaska, Anchorage, AK, USA, and others)

Chapter 2 - The Impact of Volcanic Ash Fallout on Industrial Facilities: Natural-Technological Hazards in Wastewater Treatments (Grit Removals) (pp. 15-40)
G. Ancione, P. Primerano, E. Salzano, G. Maschio and M. F. Milazzo (Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Chimica e Ingegneria Industriale, University of Messina, Messina, Italy, and others)

Chapter 3 - A Review of Tephra Transport and Dispersal Modeling Strategies and Applications to Far-Range Hazard Assessment at Some of the Most Active Volcanoes in the World (pp. 41-68)
Rosanna Bonasia and Chiara Scaini (Centro de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Querétaro, México, and others)
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