Volatile Organic Compounds: Emission, Pollution and Control

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Khaled Chetehouna (Editor)
Bourges Higher School of Engineering, Bourges, France

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI092000

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) has anthropogenic and biogenic origins. At the Earth’s scale, the natural sources represent a great part of the total VOCs present in the atmosphere, but in industrialized regions, anthropogenic ones become the majority due to the various human activities related mainly to chemical industries (liquid fuels, solvents, thinners, detergents, degreasers, cleaners and lubricants). Almost all VOCs have effects on human health and many of them are even carcinogenic. It is also known that the VOCs can affect the central nervous system and may have mutagenic effects.

Apart from human health, they also play an important role towards the environment, especially in the atmospheric pollution processes. Indeed, VOCs emissions lead to the promotion of photochemical reactions in the atmosphere (ozone formation, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer and formation of photochemical smog). The present book gathers and presents some current research from across the world conducted by scientific experts in their fields. In seven valuable contributions, it deals with the emission and the environmental impact as well as the control of the Volatile Organic Compounds. (Imprint: Nova)

 

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 – Physical Modelling of Biogenic VOCs Emission and Dispersion in a Forest Stand (pp. 1-26)
S. Aubrun and B. Leitl (University Orléans, Orléans, France and others)

Chapter 2 – Estimation of VOCs Emissions during the Wildland Fires from 1995 to 2009 in Corsica (pp. 27-40)
T. Barboni, P.A. Santoni and F. Bosseur (University of Corsica, Campus Grimaldi, Corte, France)

Chapter 3 – Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions of Heated Mediterranean Vegetal Species (pp. 41-78)
K. Chetehouna, L. Courty, L. Lemée, F. Bey and J. P. Garo (University Orléans, Orléans, France and others)

Chapter 4 – Contribution of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds to Tropospheric Ozone Formation in the Pearl River Delta Region of China (pp. 79-102)
K. Cheung and H. Guo (Department of Civil and Environment Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University)

Chapter 5 – Natural Organic Compounds from the Urban Forest of the Metropolitan Region, Chile: Impact on Air Quality (pp. 103-142)
M. Préndez, K. Corada and J. Morales (Laboratorio de Química de la Atmósfera. Departamento de Química Orgánica y Fisicoquímica. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile)

Chapter 6 – Latest Results on the Catalytic Oxidation of Light Alkanes, As Probe VOC Molecules, over Ru-Based Catalysts: Effects of Physicochemical Properties on the Catalytic Performances (pp. 143-168)
Hongjing Wu, L. F. Liotta and A. Giroir-Fendler (Istituto per Lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati (ISMN)-CNR, Palermo, Italy and others)

Chapter 7 – Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Using Adsorption Process onto Natural Clays (pp. 169-208)
H. Zaitan and H. Valdés (Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matière Condensée (LCMC), Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Sidi Mohamed BenAbdellah, Fès, Maroc and others)

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