Vesicoureteral Reflux and Pyelonephritis: Risk Factors, Prevalence and Treatment Approaches


Leanna P. Newport (Editor)

Series: Renal, Metabolic and Urologic Disorders
BISAC: MED088000

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is defined as the retrograde flow of urine from the bladder to the upper urinary tract. It is a common urological entity among children and it is usually diagnosed in the prenatal period or after episodes of febrile urinary tract infection. Reflux can also be found in post-pubertal patients, but it is less common in this population. Pyelonephritis is an upper urinary tract infection involving the kidneys with an incidence in the USA as high as 250.000 cases per year.

Most episodes of pyelonephritis are generally considered to be uncomplicated in healthy non pregnant adults. Different risk factors have been identified, such as diabetes, urinary tract obstruction, presence of an indwelling urethral catheter, stent or nephrostomy, functional or anatomic abnormalities of the urinary tract, renal transplantation, immunosuppressive therapy and pregnancy. This book discusses the causes, prevalence and treatment approaches of both VUR and pylonephritis.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter I – Pyelonephritis: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Management (pp. 1-18)
Anna Clementi, M.D., Viviana Rosalia Scarfia, M.D., Monica Insalaco, M.D., Pasquale Fatuzzo, M.D. and Antonio Granata, M.D. (Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, “San Giovanni di Dio” Hospital, Agrigento, Italy, and others)

Chapter II – Vesicoureteral Reflux: Diagnosis and Treatment (pp. 19-54)
Michelle Bergeron, Anne-Sophie Blais, Stéphane Bolduc and Katherine Moore (Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, CHU de Québec Université Laval, Québec, Canada)

Chapter III – Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux (pp. 55-84)
Anne-Sophie Blais, M.D., Stéphane Bolduc, M.D. and Katherine Moore, M.D. (Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, CHU de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada)

Chapter IV – Up-Regulation of Tissue and Urinary Uroplakin mRNAs in Congenital Vesicoureteral Reflux (pp. 85-96)
Tatsuhiro Yoshiki, Hideaki Iwaki, Ken-ichi Kobayashi, Susumu Kageyama, Hiromi Ii and Akihiro Kawauchi (Department of Clinical Oncology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, and others)


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