Venezuela: Political, Economic and Humanitarian Issues


Dennis L. Kristoffersen (Editor)

Series: Latin American Political, Economic, and Security Issues

BISAC: POL057000

Venezuela remains in a deep crisis under the authoritarian rule of Nicolás Maduro of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela. Maduro, narrowly elected in 2013, began a second term on January 10, 2019 that is widely considered illegitimate. The United States and 57 other countries recognize Guaidó as interim president, but he has been unable to harness that diplomatic support to wrest Maduro from power. Venezuela’s economy has collapsed. The country is plagued by hyperinflation, severe shortages of food and medicine, and a dire humanitarian crisis that has further deteriorated in 2020 as a result of gasoline shortages, an outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and strengthened U.S. sanctions.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations
(Clare Ribando Seelke, Phillip Brown, Rebecca M. Nelson and Rhoda Margesson – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 2. Venezuela’s Economic Crisis: Issues for Congress
(Rebecca M. Nelson – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 3. Venezuela: Political Crisis and U.S. Policy
(Clare Ribando Seelke – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 4. Venezuela: International Efforts to Resolve the Political Crisis
(Clare Ribando Seelke – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 5. Venezuela: Overview of U.S. Sanctions
(Clare Ribando Seelke – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 6. U.S. Indictment of Top Venezuelan Officials
(Clare Ribando Seelke and Liana W. Rosen – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 7. Blocking Property of the Government of Venezuela
(Donald J. Trump – U.S. Government Publishing Office)

Chapter 8. Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Venezuela
(Donald J. Trump – U.S. Government Publishing Office)

Chapter 9. U.S.-Venezuela Relations and the Path to a Democratic Transition
(Committee on Foreign Relations)

Chapter 10. The Venezuela Regional Humanitarian Crisis and COVID-19
(Rhoda Margesson – Congressional Research Service)

Chapter 11. Venezuela in Maduro’s Grasp: Assessing the Deteriorating Security and Humanitarian Situation
(Committee on Foreign Relations)

Chapter 12. Venezuela: Additional Tracking Could Aid Treasury’s Efforts to Mitigate Any Adverse Impacts U.S. Sanctions Might Have on Humanitarian Assistance
(United States Government Accountability Office)

Chapter 13. China-Venezuela Relations in the Twenty-First Century: From Overconfidence to Uncertainty
(Matt Ferchen – United States Institute of Peace)


Additional information



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