Valorization of Lignocellulosic Biomass in a Biorefinery: From Logistics to Environmental and Performance Impact


Rajeev Kumar, PhD (Editor)
University of California, USA

Seema Singh (Editor)
Deconstruction Division, Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), Emeryville, CA, USA

Venkatesh Balan (Editor)
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, DOE Great Lakes BioEnergy Research Center (GLBRC), Michigan State University, Lansing, MI, USA

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

Lignocellulosic biomass conversion to fuel is the only sustainable way to meet the current and future energy demands, at least in displacing a substantial amount of liquid transportation fuel, and curb detrimental effects of greenhouse gas emissions. Various routes and processes to convert lignocellulosic biomass to fuels, chemicals, and bio-based materials have been developed in the last couple of decades. This book contains eleven chapters that intend to provide readers with updates on these various processes and routes to produce fuels and chemicals using lignocellulosic biomass. In addition, it covers the past and current developments on biomass logistics, analytical tools applied to characterize lignocellulosic biomass, environmental aspects and engine performance of various fuels, as well as techno-economical aspects of lignocellulosic biomass refinery. The following list summarizes the topics covered in this book:

•The past and current developments on biomass valorization in biochemical platforms.
•Developments in thermochemical conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals including gasification, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal treatment.
•Heterogeneous catalysts application in low to high temperature conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals.
•Pathways of lignin valorization to fuels and chemicals.
•Production methods and the physicochemical properties of nanocelluloses.
•The environmental impacts and engine performances of various bio-fuels.
•Biomass logistics and their impact on bioenergy applications.
•Anaerobic conversion of biomass to biogas and impacts of co-digestion on biogas yields and quality. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Impact of Feedstock Supply Systems Unit Operations on Feedstock Cost and Quality for Bioenergy Applications
Jaya Shankar Tumuluru, Erin Searcy, Kevin L. Kenney, William A. Smith, Garold L. Gresham, and Neal A Yancey (Idaho National Laboratory, ID, USA)

Chapter 2. Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization during Pretreatment and Bioconversion
Yunqiao Pu, Xianzhi Meng, Chang Geun Yoo, Mi Li, and Arthur J. Ragauskasab (Bioscience Division, BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA, and others)

Chapter 3. Biochemical Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels
Ximing Zhang, Arun Athmanathan and Nathan S. Mosier (Laboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA, and others)

Chapter 4. Optimization of Biogas Production by Anaerobic Co-Digestion
Raphael M. Jingura and Reckson Kamusoko (Chinhoyi University of Technology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe)

Chapter 5. Current Developments in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals
Chan Seung Park and Arun SK Raju (College of Engineering – Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA)

Chapter 6. Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass for Biofuel
Florin Barla and Sandeep Kumar (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA)

Chapter 7. Application of Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Production of Fuel and Fuel Additives from Lignocellulosic Biomass
Małgorzata Wąchała, Agnieszka M. Ruppert, Olga Sneka-Płatek, and Jacek Grams (Institute of General and Ecological Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Łódź, Poland)

Chapter 8. Lignin Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals
Yu Gao, Merima Beganovic, and Marcus B. Foston (Department of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St Louis, Saint Louis, MO, USA)

Chapter 9. Nanocelluloses from Lignocellulosic Biomass
G. Siqueira, V. Arantes (Department of Biotechnology, Lorena School of Engineering, University of São Paulo – Brazil)

Chapter 10. Towards Economically Sustainable Lignocellulosic Biorefineries
N.V.S.N. Murthy Konda, Dominique Loqué and Corinne D. Scown (Joint BioEnergy Institute, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA, and others)

Chapter 11. Environmental and Performance Impacts of Alternative Fuels in Transportation Applications
Thomas D. Durbin, Georgios Karavalakis and Kent C. Johnson (College of Engineering – Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA)


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