Urban Regeneration of Underused Industrial Sites in Albania

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PhD. Architect Boriana Vrusho Golgota¹
¹Chief of Applications Review Department, Directory of Territorial Development Control, Municipality of Tirana, Albania

Series: Urban Development and Infrastructure
BISAC:ARC010000

Industrial heritage can be considered a significant asset of modern civilization, predominately epitomizing the living patrimony of industrialization processes. Notwithstanding, it represents today under-valuated heritages, the result of massive industrial site closures due to political and economic changes through the years.
This book focuses on the recognition of underused Albanian industrial sites, mostly built during the communist period, and proposals for potential regeneration models, based on successful international examples. The majority of Albanian degraded sites are deemed as an objective of high priority from central government and municipalities, taking in consideration their large areas and good possibilities of these “silent” assets redevelopment, having the opportunity to become the promotors of the development of cities. The book follows with a descriptive analysis of international positive cases, reflecting how these interventions can be appropriately applied for Albanian cases. Consistent reuse methodologies have been proposed based on three pillars: economic and urban, environmental and heritage. Finally, the book presents a general conclusion for practical applications of the above-mentioned methodologies, as a positive approach to promote sites revitalization and promotion at a national and international level.

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PREFACE
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Research Aim
1.2 Research novelty
CHAPTER 2
MATERIALS AND METHODS
2.1. Techniques for the industrial heritage study
2.2. Methodology
CHAPTER 3
LITERATURE REVIEW
3.1. Industrial Heritage and Industrial Archeology
3.2. International Studies on Industrial Heritage and Industrial Archaeology
3.3 International Institutions
3.4 Albanian Studies on Industrial Heritage
3.5 Albanian Institutions
3.6 Key concepts on importance of Industrial Heritage protection and redevelopment
3.7 Brownfields regeneration positive effects
3.8 International Methodologies of Industrial Heritage Reuse
3.9 Case studies selection
3.10 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites for Tourism
3.11 Reuse of Industrial Heritage of waterfronts
3.12 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites for Museums
3.13 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites as Creative Areas
3.14 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites for Cultural Activities
3.15 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites for Mix use
3.16 Reuse of Industrial Heritage sites for Industrial Activities
3.17 Models of Industrial Heritage Reuse
INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN ALBANIA
4.1. Industrialization in Albania
4.2. Synoptic table and maps
4.3. Case study 1: “Steel of Party” – Metallurgical Complex of Elbasan
4.3.1 Survey on the actual conditions of the Metallurgical Complex in Elbasan
4.3.2 Territorial analysis
4.3.3 Multicriteria analysis
4.3.4 Environmental issues
4.3.5 Architecture and heritage
4.3.6 Proposals and Strategies for Territorial Reassessment of the Metallurgical Complex in Elbasan
4.4. Case study 2: Industrialization of the city of Kuçova
4.4.1 Survey on the actual conditions of some industrial sites in Kuçova
4.4.2 Territorial analysis
4.4.3 Multicriteria analysis
4.4.4 Environmental issues
4.4.5 Architecture and heritage
4.5.6 Proposals for Territorial Reassessment
4.5. Case study 3: Industrialization of the city of Laç
4.5.1 Industrialization history of Laç
4.5.2 Survey of actual conditions of Laç Superphosphate plant
4.5.3 Discussions and proposals for territorial reassessment
4.5.4 Multicriteria analysis
4.5.6 Environmental issues
4.5.7 Architecture and heritage
4.5.8 Proposals for Territorial Reassessment
CHAPTER 5
CONCLUSION
5.1 Reuse Methodology of Industrial Heritage in Albania
5.2 Economic and urban development
5.3 Environmental issues
5.4 Heritage issues
5.5 Final Recommendations
REFERENCES
APPENDIX A
Code of Federal Regulations
INDEX

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