Urban and Rural Poverty: Prevalence, Reduction Strategies and Challenges

Dima Oortwijn (Editor)

Series: Hunger and Poverty: Causes, Impacts and Eradication
BISAC: SOC026030, SOC026020

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Urban and Rural Poverty: Prevalence, Reduction Strategies and Challenges opens with a review of urban poverty in Bangladesh, analysing socioeconomic aspects of the marginal poor under three headings: migration and the urban poor, household characteristics, and neighborhood characteristics.

Next, the authors investigate the extent of poverty in rural and urban Nigeria between 2004 and 2010. They examines the contributions of growth and redistribution factors to changes in poverty within the two sectors. The analysis was based on the National Living Standard Survey data of 2004 and 2009/2010 sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics and analysed using Shapley decomposition approach.

This collection also examines how the socioeconomic characteristics of households influence rural poverty. The data for the study was extracted from the revised Nigerian General Household Survey data from 2010-2011, and a logistic regression technique was used to analyse said data.

The authors argue that the improvement of rural access in developing countries is essential for the success of sustainable development goals, since poor access is one of the major causes of rural poverty and hampers rural development.

The concluding chapter describes the experiences from a research project on modern logistic chains in the Mount Kenya region, demonstrating how small scale farmers organized, how important infrastructures such as rural roads, grading sheds and cooling devices were, as well as intermediate means of transport in combination with modern cooling logistics and communication technologies.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. A Review of Urban Poverty in Bangladesh
(Toriqul Bashar, PhD, Salim Rashid, Department of Economics & Institute for Social Policy, Housing and Equalities Research, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, UK)

Chapter 2. Poverty Situation in Nigeria: Rural Versus Urban
(Olatomide.W. Olowa and Omowunmi.A. Olowa, Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education [Technical] Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria)

Chapter 3. Non-Income Poverty and Socio-Economic Characteristics in Developing Countries: Evidence from Rural Nigeria
(Alhaji Bukar Mustapha, PhD, and Rusmawati Binti Said, PhD, Department of Economics, University of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 4. Rural Access and the Sustainable Development Goals
(Niklas Sieber, PhD, Stuttgart, Germany)

Chapter 5. Modern Logistics for High Value Agricultural Products in Sub-Saharan Africa
(Niklas Sieber and Peter Njenga, Stuttgart, Germany)

Index

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