Understanding Kashmir Lakes: Water Quality, Biodiversity, Deterioration, Encroachment, and Vision for Their Protection and Restoration


Waseem A. Wani, PhD – Chemistry, PDF (UTM, Malaysia), PDF (INST, India), PDF (UMN, USA), Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Govt. Degree College Tral, Kashmir, J&K, India
Javaid Ahmad Tali, PhD – Assistant Professor of Geography, Government Degree College Tral, Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Mohammad Farooq Mir, PhD – Zoology, Associate Professor of Zoology, Principal of Govt. Degree College Bomai, Kashmir, J&K, India

Series: Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety
BISAC: NAT018000; NAT011000; SCI013080
DOI: 10.52305/EOBV1621

The last three decades have witnessed serious deterioration of major Kashmir lakes (Wular, Dal, Nigeen, Anchar and Manasbal) due to the pollution of their water and large-scale encroachment into their surroundings. Quite an extensive amount of research work has been carried out on the growing state of deterioration of the above named five indispensable lakes of the Kashmir valley. This book gives a glimpse of the overview of these lakes along with a discussion of their water quality, diversity of flora and fauna, deterioration, state of encroachment, and the vision for their protection and restoration. This book will raise awareness about the plight of the important Kashmir lakes and the measures for their protection and restoration. Interestingly, this book compiles the most recent information on the water quality, biodiversity and the state of deterioration of the five major indispensable lakes of Kashmir valley. The discussion of the scientific vision for the protection and restoration of Kashmir lakes will greatly help this book to become a standout choice for readers.

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Table of Contents



1.1. Introduction to Lakes in Kashmir Valley

2.1. Wular Lake

3.1. Dal Lake

4.1. Nigeen Lake

5.1. Anchar Lake

6.1. Manasbal Lake

7.1. Vision for Protection and Restoration of Kashmir Lakes


About the Authors


Author’s ORCID iD

Waseem A. Wani 0000-0002-8924-0064

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