Turkey: Conditions, Issues and U.S. Relations


Salma A. Bollaert (Editor)

Series: Politics and Economics of the Middle East
BISAC: POL059000

Several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey. This book provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey, a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) have evolved over time. Turkey’s economic dynamism and geopolitical importance as it straddles Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia and now has the world’s 17th-largest economy, have increased its influence regionally and globally.

Although Turkey still depends on the United States and other NATO allies for political and strategic support, its growing economic diversification and military self-reliance allows Turkey to exercise greater leverage with the West. These trends have helped fuel continuing Turkish political transformation led in the past decade by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the Justice and Development Party (AKP), which has Islamist roots. Tens of thousands of mostly middle-class Turks joined protests in June 2013 to express dismay at what they assert to be an increasingly authoritarian leadership style from Erdogan.

The protests and the government’s response have raised questions for U.S. policymakers about Turkey’s domestic political trajectory and economic stability. It has also raised questions about the extent and nature of Turkey’s regional influence. Future domestic political developments may determine the extent to which Turkey reconciles majority views favoring Turkish nationalism and Sunni Muslim values with protection of individual freedoms, minority rights (including those of Turkey’s ethnic Kurdish population), rule of law, and the principle of secular governance. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations
(Jim Zanotti, CRS)

Turkey 2012 Human Rights Report
(U.S. Department of State; Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor)

Turkey 2012 International Religious Freedom Report
(U.S. Department of State; Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor)

2013 Investment Climate Statement: Turkey
(Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs)


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