Turbochargers and Turbocharging: Advancements, Applications and Research

Evangelos G. Giakoumis (Editor)
School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications
BISAC: TEC009070

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Supercharging has long been established as the most successful means to maximize power output from a specific engine size. Through supercharging, the inlet air density is increased, usually by means of a compressor, and by doing so the amount of air trapped in the cylinders is increased accordingly. As a result, efficient burning of a proportionately higher amount of fuel is enabled.

By far, the most successful version of supercharging is turbocharging. Here, the expansion in a turbine of the exhaust gases leaving the cylinders supplies the power needed to drive the compressor. At the moment, practically all diesel engines are turbocharged, with a continuously increasing penetration in the highly competitive market of SI-powered vehicles.

The current book on turbochargers and turbocharging, comprising fifteen chapters, gathers important and novel research on many modern aspects of turbocharging for all kinds of gasoline and diesel-powered engine applications (automotive, marine and aircraft). For example, characterization of the value proposition of turbocharged vehicles, marine engines turbo-compounding, fundamental issues of turbocharger lag and its relation with engine-out PM emissions, variable geometry compressors, automotive two-stage turbocharging, and dynamic operation of turbochargers including VGT and surging effects are amongst the topics analyzed.

Review papers form a very important part of the book, namely the discussion and in-depth analysis of various automotive boosting systems, turbocharger reduced-order modeling, heat transfer and pulsating flows in turbomachinery, mathematical models for turbocharged engines, and turbomachine-based engine throttling.

A considerable portion of the book (seven chapters) deals with control-oriented modeling techniques relating to the turbocharger and/or the whole engine power-plant. Such models have proven valuable during the design of both turbochargers and turbocharged engines, and are described and discussed in detail for a variety of automotive and aircraft applications.

The target audience of this book includes post-graduate students, engineers and researchers in the field of internal combustion engines (diesel and SI) and turbochargers. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. A Characterization of the Multi-Functional Value Proposition of Turbocharged Vehicles
Richard A. Simmons

Chapter 2. Current Implementation Trends in Boosting Systems for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks
Khizer Tufail

Chapter 3. Model-Based Theoretical Optimization Study of a Turbo-Compound System Installed on a Large Scale Marine Diesel Engine
Nikolaos F. Sakellaridis, Antonis K. Antonopoulos, Efthimios G. Pariotis and Dimitrios T. Hountalas

Chapter 4. The Potential of Variable Compressor Geometries for Improving the Operational Behavior of Downsized Gasoline Engines
Fabian Herbst and Peter Eilts

Chapter 5. Turbocharger Aero-Thermal Performance under Realistic Flow Conditions: Pulsating Flow and Heat Transfer Considerations
Adam Feneley and Apostolos Pesiridis

Chapter 6. Dynamic Modeling, Simulation and Control of Turbochargers
Lars Eriksson, Xavier Llamas, Kristoffer Ekberg and Viktor Leek

Chapter 7. Turbocharger Response during Diesel Engine Transient Operation and Effect on Soot Emissions
Athanasios M. Dimaratos

Chapter 8. Turbocharging Systems Development for Aircraft Propulsion
Antonio Paolo Carlucci

Chapter 9. The Physical Model of a Radial Turbine with Unsteady Flow Used for the Optimization of Turbine Matching
Oldrich Vitek, Jan Macek and Zdenek Zak

Chapter 10. Model-Based Control of Turbochargers: A Review of Reduced-Order Modeling
Thivaharan Albin, Felix Frank

Chapter 11. Mathematical Modeling Techniques for Turbochargers and Turbocharged Engines
Agostino Gambarotta

Chapter 12. Control-Oriented Models for Turbocharged Engines
Daniel Pachner, Jaroslav Tabaèek and Vladimír Havlena

Chapter 13. A Mathematical Model of a Turbocharging IC Engine Propeller Propulsion System and Its Characteristic Analysis
Yicheng Zhou and Peng Shan

Chapter 14. Simulation Analysis of a Two-Stage Turbocharged Diesel Engine during Steady-State and Transient Operation in Terms of Performance and Exhaust Emissions
Evangelos G. Giakoumis and Georgios P. Kaloritis

Chapter 15. Engine Throttling by Means of Turbomachinery
Michael Dirk Boot

About the Editor

Index

The book is targeted to post-graduate students, engineers and researchers in the field of internal combustion engines (diesel and spark ignition) and turbochargers.

If you have any questions or comments with regards to this book, please fill out the form below. Thank you!

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