Tsunamis: Detection Technologies, Response Efforts and Harmful Effects

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Wei Chek Moon, PhD – Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, MAHSA University, Malaysia
Tze Liang Lau, PhD – School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

Series: Natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation
BISAC: NAT023000; SCI052000
DOI: 10.52305/BFIU1020

Tsunamis – the most deadly natural disaster – have been part of the world’s history for thousands of years. Much of the world witnessed historical tsunamis that devastated the coast with great losses of life and property. Over the latter decade of the 20th century, the development of tsunami sciences has seen rapid growth as an interdisciplinary field that brings together scientists, engineers and researchers from all over the world. As a sequel to the first two editions – Tsunamis: Economic Impact, Disaster Management and Future Challenges in 2013 and Tsunamis: Detection, Risk Assessment and Crisis Management in 2018, the current edition of Tsunamis: Detection Technologies, Response Efforts and Harmful Effects serves as a collection of tsunami research that showcases on how the evolving technologies and innovative efforts in foreseeing the harmful effects of tsunamis. This current edition consists of five chapters authored by tsunami experts in their respective fields, from Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and Germany. These chapters are written with hopes of contributing towards continued progress in the future.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. An Assessment of Building Vulnerability to Tsunami Using the PTVA-4 Method: Case Study of the 2006 Cilacap Tsunami Tragedy
FX Anjar Tri Laksono¹,²
¹Doctoral School of Earth Sciences, Department of Geology and Meteorology, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Pecs, Pécs, Baranya, Hungary
²Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purbalingga, Central Java, Indonesia

Chapter 2. A Review of Tsunami Induced Forces on Idealized Onshore Buildings: Improvements in Design Equations
Selvam Harish¹,², Venkatachalam Sriram¹, PhD, Jan Oetjen², PhD, Holger Schüttrumpf², PhD, and Sannasi Annamalaisamy Sannasiraj¹, PhD
¹Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Adayar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
²Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Chapter 3. Physical Modeling of Tsunami Waves’ Impact on Single Buildings: A Review of Wave Generation
Wei Chek Moon­¹, PhD, Tze Liang Lau², PhD, and How Tion Puay³, PhD
¹Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia
²School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
³River Engineering and Urban Drainage Research Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia

Chapter 4. Physical Modeling of Scouring Around Buildings due to Tsunamis: Generation of Tsunami Using a Limited-Length Flume
Kuswandi Kuswandi, PhD
Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Chapter 5. Experimental Study of Tsunami Loads on a Simplified Bridge Superstructure
Foo Siong Koon¹,², MEng, Tze Liang Lau¹, PhD, and Wei Chek Moon¹,³, PhD
¹School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
²School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
³Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia