Tsunamis: Detection, Risk Assessment and Crisis Management

Aggeliki Barberopoulou, Ph.D. (Editor)
Previously at Research, AIR Worldwide, Boston MA

Series: Natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation
BISAC: SCI026000

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Tsunamis: Detection, Risk Assessment, and Crisis Management is a collection of articles that showcases the diversity of tsunami science. This is truly an interdisciplinary field that brings together seismologists, engineers, social scientists, emergency managers, geologists, and geophysicists, to name a few. The title reflects this diversity of tsunami research, ranging from understanding the source mechanism, working towards the fast detection of tsunamis in order to take prompt action, and predicting impacts so those affected are better prepared to respond, reduce losses and recover in a reasonable amount of time.

The chapters are arranged such that they follow in some virtual way the tsunami from the source to propagation, inundation and impacts on the social, natural or built environment. The book therefore naturally begins with a chapter on the Nankai Trough, a source of great earthquakes and potentially destructive tsunamis. Chapter Two presents a methodology on detecting and identifying tsunamigenic events, followed by Chapter Three, which uses a popular seismological technique to understand tsunami propagation and potential impact on shores. Chapter Four presents an application of tsunami modeling on evacuation planning. Chapters Five and Six look into the impact of tsunamis on structures such as bridges, utilizing valuable data collected after the 2011 Tohoku tsunami in Japan. Chapter Seven is a risk assessment study that predicts the financial cost of a 1960 Chile type of earthquake if it were to happen today. Chapters Eight and Nine look into the social aspect of disasters by interviewing survivors and presenting how geospatial techniques can be used to reveal potential risks in our environment that could potentially hinder the recovery of communities after a disaster. All of the chapters have been written by specialists in their respective fields, representing a vast range of sciences and research that covers nearly the entire globe, stretching from the US to Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand.

Preface

Chapter 1. Implications for Great Earthquakes from Total Accumulated Slip along the Southern Segment of Nankai Trough, Japan: Analyses from Kinematic, Coseismic Rupture, and Tsunami Models
(Elliot Klein, Gerald Galgana, Bingming Shen-Tu, and Mehrdad Mahdyiar, Research and Modeling, AIR Worldwide, Boston, MA, US)

Chapter 2. Rapid Tsunami Warning within Five Minutes for Regional Sources
(John Ristau, GNS Science, Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

Chapter 3. Using Waveform Cross-Correlation to Investigate Tsunami Propagation
(Mark R. Legg, Aggeliki Barberopoulou, Edison Gica, and Geoffrey Legg, Legg Geophysical, Inc., Huntington, CA, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Advances in Tsunami Simulations and Recommendations for the Tsunami Evacuation Planning of Local Governments in Taiwan
(Bing-Ru Wu, PhD, Siao-Syun Ke, PhD, Chin-Hsun Yeh, PhD, and Tso-Ren Wu, PhD, Earthquake and Man-made Disaster Division, National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction, New Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of China, and others)

Chapter 5. The Consideration of a Damage Mechanism for Bridge Girders
(Taro Arikawa, Aggeliki Barberopoulou, PhD, and Kyuichi Maruyama, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 6. Tsunami Damage Evaluation of Utatsu Ohashi Bridge By Motion Picture and 2-D Simulation Analyses
(Kenji Kosa, PhD, Civil Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan)

Chapter 7. The Economic Cost of a Tsunami in Southern Chile: What Would the Recurrence of a Mw9.5 Megathrust Earthquake Mean Today
(A. Nasseri, A. Barberopoulou, and M. Torpey, Research, AIR-Worldwide, Boston, MA, US)

Chapter 8. The Untold Side of the Tsunami Hazard: Interviews with Survivors
(Jeanne Branch Johnston, Walter C. Dudley, PhD, and James Goff, PhD, Founder, Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo, HI, US, and others)

Chapter 9. Revealing the Invisible Environments of Risk and Resiliency in Vulnerable Communities through Geospatial Techniques
(Jacqueline W. Curtis, Andrew Curtis, and Scott A. Hemmerling, GIS Health & Hazards Lab, Department of Geography, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA, and others)

Index

“This book covers a wide variety of aspects related to the tsunami hazard, vulnerability, and risk mitigation. The collection of papers in the text is very well organized and all the contributions are very well written and easy to understand even by people who are not experts in the field of tsunamology. The book, therefore, is a must-read for catastrophe modelers, risk managers, urban planners, civil engineers, and seismologists alike.” - Dr. Peter Sousounis, Vice-President, AIR-Worldwide, Boston, MA

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