Transesterification: Process, Mechanism and Applications

Anita Becker (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

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Transesterification is an organic reaction in which the organic group R′′ of an ester is exchanged with another organic group R′ of an alcohol according to a mechanism called alcoholysis. In this compilation, the authors address the way the transesterification process has become widely popular in biodiesel production, on an industrial scale, by reaction of triglyceride with short-length alcohol (methanol and/or ethanol).

Next, Jatropha curcas Linnaeus, a non-edible raw material, is discussed as an attractive alternative for biodiesel production. The heterogeneous acid catalysis of this second-generation raw material is examined, including the mechanisms of esterification of fatty acids and transesterification of the triacylglycerides present in Jatropha curcas L. oil.

Next, the transesterification reaction is the main process used for vegetable oils, animal fats, waste cooking oil and micro/macroalgae. Thus, the authors propose that catalysts should be used to improve the rate of production.

The closing portion of this book reviews the use of transesterification reactions within laboratory courses of environmental and sustainable chemistry programmes for undergraduate chemistry students over the past 15 years. The authors propose that in the future, these experiments should be revised to include discussions of process sustainability and illustrations of life-cycle analysis approaches to bio-fuel production.

Preface

Chapter 1. Transesterification: The Operation Role for Biodiesel Production
(Emaad T. Bakir Al-Tikrity, Chemistry Department, Tikrit University, Tikrit, Salah Al-Deen, Iraq)

Chapter 2. Biodiesel Production from Jatropha curcas L.: Mechanism of Simultaneous Esterification and Transesterification of Acid Oils
(Rodrigo Zunta Raia, Department of Technology, State University of Maringa, Umuarama, Brazil)

Chapter 3. Applications of Biodiesel and Crude Glycerol: The Products Generated by Transesterification Process
(Caroline Varella Rodrigues, MD, Aline Varella Rodrigues, PhD, Luciana Antoniosi, MD, and Sandra Imaculada Maintinguer, PhD, Chemistry Institute, UNESP University, Araraquara, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4. Undergraduate Chemistry Transesterification Experiments: Teaching Core Chemistry Concepts and Applied Sustainable Chemistry Using Biofuel Production
(James A. Sullivan and Lisa Mullins, UCD School of Chemistry, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland)

Index

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