Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Methods, Clinical Uses and Effects on the Brain

Lucia Alba-Ferrara (Editor)
Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Series: Neuroscience Research Progress
BISAC: SCI089000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is one of the principal research methods used in systems, cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Originally envisioned as a way to measure the responsiveness and conduction speed of neurons and synapses in the brain and spinal cord, TMS has also become an important tool for changing the activity of brain neurons and the functions they underpin; and as an important adjunct to brain imaging and mapping techniques. Recently, TMS has become a therapeutic technique for neurological as well and psychiatric disorders.

This book aims to bring together the basic science, fundamental principles and essential procedures of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), as well as its current and potential clinical applications. The first and second parts of the book present overviews of the principles of TMS, methodological issues in TMS research, the effect of TMS in the brain and its mechanism of action. These chapters also present novel data about cognitive mechanisms in the healthy brain as investigated by using TMS. The next two sections summarize state-of the-art therapeutic uses of TMS in neurological diseases and Psychiatric disorders. TMS use is evaluated in chronic as well as acute conditions. Moreover, novel potential therapeutic interventions are suggested for some diseases in which further research using TMS is warranted. Finally, the use of TMS for children and adolescents with developmental disorders is discussed, and safety protocols for TMS treatment in the developing brain are proposed. This book should be of interest for researchers in neuroscience, neurologists, psychiatrists and psychologists. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Preface

Section I: Introduction

Chapter 1 - Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Brief Conspectus and Area of Therapeutic Application
(Yong-ku Kim and So-young Oh, Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea, and others)

Section II: TMS Methods

Chapter 2 - TMS Studies of the Cerebello-Cortical Pathway
(Paolo Porcacchia and Pablo Mir, Unidad de Trastornos del Movimiento, Servicio de Neurología y Neurofisiología, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain, and others)

Chapter 3 - Numerical Simulation of Deep Brain Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
(Mai Lu and Shoogo Ueno, Key Lab. of Opt-Electronic Technology and Intelligent Control of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, P.R. China, and others)

Chapter 4 - Beyond Inhibition: Exploiting the Potential of State-Dependency in Cognitive and Therapeutic TMS Studies
(Michael J. Banissy and Neil G. Muggleton, Department of Psychology, Goldsmith College, University of London, United Kingdom, UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, London, UK, and others)

Chapter 5 - The Use of TMS in Measuring Motor Cortical Activity in Response to Attention and Dual Tasking
(Daniel T. Corp and Alan J. Pearce, Cognitive and Exercise Neuroscience Unit, School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)

Section III: TMS For Psychiatric Conditions

Chapter 6 - Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Studies in Schizophrenia: Application in Clinical Studies
(Evanthia Soubasi, Philippos Gourzis and Elisabeth Chroni, Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Patras, Greece, and others)

Chapter 7 - Demonstrating the Pathophysiology of Auditory Hallucinations with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
(Lucia Alba-Ferrara and Gabriel A. de Erausquin, Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA)

Chapter 8 - Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Current and Future Approaches
(Stefano Pallanti, Alberto Picchi, Andrea Cantisani and Giacomo Grassi, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY, USA, and others)

Chapter 9 - rTMS in the Treatment of Major Depression: Challenges and New Directions
(Gabriel A. de Erausquin and Lucia M. Alba-Ferrara, Roskamp Laboratory of Brain Development, Modulation and Repair, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA)

Section IV: TMS Neurological Conditions

Chapter 10 - rTMS for Chronic Tinnitus
(Patrick J. Marsh and Catherine Hessig, Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA, and others)

Chapter 11 - Combination Treatment of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Intensive Occupational Therapy: A Novel Therapeutic Approach for Upper Limb Hemiparesis After Stroke
(Wataru Kakuda and Masahiro Abo, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Nishi-Shimbashi, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, Japan)
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Section V: TMS in Neural Development

Chapter 12 - Applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Developing Brain
(Thilinie Rajapakse and Adam Kirton, Section of Pediatric Neurology, Alberta Children’S Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, and others)

Chapter 13 - Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Autism Spectrum Disorders
(Estate M. Sokhadze, Manuel F. Casanova and Joshua Baruth, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA)

Index

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