Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS): Emerging Uses, Safety and Neurobiological Effects

Lionel Rogers

Series: Neuroscience Research Progress
BISAC: MED057000

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Transcranial brain stimulation has received an increased interest among the scientific community due its capability to modulate cortical excitability, which in turn modifies brain functions resulting in neuroplastic changes. In particular, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been widely explored for its clinical efficacy, safety, painlessness, portability, ease of application, low cost, well-tolerated among patients, and positive clinical results seen within a few weeks. This noninvasive brain therapy has been used as an adjuvant tool for treating neurological and psychiatric diseases such as chronic pain, depression, obesity, memory and others.

The basic principle of tDCS is modulating cerebral functions through applying a weak and direct electric current over the target cortical area. The first chapter of this book provides current research on tDCS and neuroplasticity. Chapter Two provides definitions of dosimetry from both safety and efficacy standpoints and proposes 14 guidelines for safe and effective application of tDCS. Chapter Three examines the use of tDCS and other rehabilitation techniques for patients to improve upper limb motor function after suffering from a stroke. The final chapter studies the effects of cathodal transcranial direct stimulation on epileptic patients.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Chapter 1
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Neuroplasticity
(Joanna Ripoll Rozisky, Luciana da Conceição Antunes, Aline Patricia Brietzke, Ana Cláudia de Sousa, and Wolnei Caumo, Laboratory of Pain & Neuromodulation, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)

Chapter 2
TDCS Dosimetry and its Application: Essential Steps Towards Good Clinical Practice
(Shapour Jaberzadeh and Maryam Zoghi, School of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Australia, and others)

Chapter 3
The Combined use of tDCS and other Rehabilitation Techniques to Improve Upper Limb Motor Function after Stroke
(C. Chisari, G. Sgherri, G. Lamola, B. Rossi, Unit of Neurorehabilitation, University Hospital of Pisa, Italy)

Chapter 4
The Effects of Cathodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Epileptic Patients
(Maryam Zoghi, Mark Cook and Shapour Jaberzadeh, Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, and others)

Index

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