Traffic Induced Environmental Vibrations and Controls: Theory and Application

H. Xia (Editor)
School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China

Rui Calçada (Editor)
Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal

Series: Transportation Infrastructure – Roads, Highways, Bridges, Airports and Mass Transit, U.S. Transit, Transportation and Infrastructure: Considerations and Developments
BISAC: TRA009000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The problem of environmental vibrations induced by moving traffic loads, is today increasingly one of the fundamental problems to be solved in traffic line planning and design, because they not only influence the living and working of human beings, but also make many high-tech projects unable to work normally. Since the effects of various transportation sources are different, and soil properties play a critical role in the propagation of vibrations, the problem of environmental vibrations is very complex. In recent years, this subject has become a hot topic, especially with the development of high-speed railways and urban rail transit systems. A large number of efforts have been done by researchers in China and abroad, and many useful results and efficient measurements to control the environmental vibrations have been worked out.

This book contains the research of the authors via fundamental theories, numerical simulations and field experiments. The main contents include the basic theory and analysis approaches in traffic-induced environmental vibrations, prediction and mitigation through ballast mats of rail traffic induced track-ground vibrations, railway traffic induced ground vibration and its prediction approaches, numerical modeling of vibrations induced by rail traffic in tunnels, investigation of train-induced ground vibrations using FEM and field experiments, human induced vibrations of pedestrian bridges and their prevention, prediction of environmental vibration from underground trains, numerical evaluation on train-induced ground vibration around high-speed railway viaducts, vibration isolation by ground barriers, environmental vibration induced by elevated railway traffic, and train induced vibration in elevated railway stations.

The book also contains many case studies concerning practical engineering applications with real trains, tracks, bridges, tunnels and elevated railway stations. Many field experiments on ground vibrations and building vibrations near the rail transit lines and high-speed railways in China, Portugal, Japan, Taiwan and Germany, and the characteristics of environmental vibrations induced by different type of traffics are also presented. Moreover, the extensive and up-to-date bibliography gives a worldwide survey of the problem.

The book is intended to be a reference for solving traffic-induced environmental vibration problem in the planning and design of traffic systems, for predicting potential environmental vibrations near new traffic lines, for evaluating the environmental vibrations in and near existing railway lines, and for providing some effective measurements to control traffic-induced environmental vibrations.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1: Problem of Traffic-Induced Environmental Vibrations and Controls: An Overview
(He Xia, Huile Li and Kunpeng Cui, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University Beijing, China)

Chapter 2: Vibrations Induced by Railway Traffic: Prediction, Measurement and Mitigation
(Pedro Alves Costa, Rui Calçada and António Silva Cardoso, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 3: Basic Theory and Analysis Approaches in Traffic-Induced Environmental Vibrations
(Yanmei Cao, Zhu Yu and Kunpeng Cui, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China)

Chapter 4: Numerical Modeling of Vibrations Induced in Tunnels: A 2.5D FEM-PML Approach
(Patrícia Lopes, Pedro Alves Costa, Rui Calçada and António Silva Cardoso, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 5: Investigation of Train-Induced Ground Vibrations using FEM and Field Experiments
(Shen-Haw Ju and Hsin-Chang Li, Department of Civil Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University of Tainan, Taiwan)

Chapter 6: Human Induced Vibrations of Steel and Aluminum Bridges
(Horst Werkle, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Applied Sciences (HTWG), Konstanz, Germany)

Chapter 7: Prediction of Environmental Vibrations from Underground Trains
(Weining Liu, Weifeng Liu, Deyun Ding, Yingxuan Jia, Meng Ma and Kefei Li, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University
Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 8: Numerical Evaluation on Train-Induced Ground Vibration around High-Speed Railway Viaducts and Its Reduction Methods
(Xingwen He, Mitsuo Kawatani and Toshiro Hayashikawa, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 9: Vibration Isolation by Ground Barriers
(Guang-Yun Gao, Gongqi Chen and Chang Qiu, Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University of Shanghai, China, and others)

Chapter 10: Railway Traffic Induced Ground Vibration and Its Prediction Approaches
(Yanmei Cao, Pengbo Wei, Hong Qiao and Jinbao Yao, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University of Beijing, China)

Chapter 11: Environmental Vibrations Induced by Elevated Rail Transit
(Weiwei Guo, Tian Zhang, Jianguo Chen and Huile Li, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University of Beijing, China)

Chapter 12: Train-Induced Vibrations of Elevated Railway Stations
(Nan Zhang and Qian Cheng, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University of Beijing, China)

Index

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