Tourism and Protected Areas in Brazil: Challenges and Perspectives


André de Almeida Cunha (Editor)
Universtity of Brasilia, Brasília, DF, Brazil

Teresa C. Magro-Lindenkamp (Editor)
Universtity of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

Stephen F. McCool (Editor)
University of Montana, Professor Emeritus, Missoula, MT, US

Series: Hospitality, Tourism and Marketing Studies
BISAC: BUS081000

Tourism and Protected Areas in Brazil: Challenges and Perspectives intends to support research and management practices in the real world and build a capacity to strengthen connections between Brazilian society and its natural heritage. The chapters highlight public policy, planning and management issues to link theory and practical application of implementing tourism in protected areas. The book focuses on the analysis of social, environmental and managerial aspects that facilitate new approaches to tourism planning in protected areas. Upcoming challenges, such as public-private partnerships for tourism development, fewer resources from governments, and increasing visitor numbers are key topics in dealing with market demand to guarantee principles of sustainable tourism in Brazilian protected areas.

Nature-based tourism remains a new area of knowledge in Brazil, with some papers published in regional and national journals. However, there is an increasing flux of tourists and a high demand to improve visitor experiences in these protected areas. Brazilian landscapes possess a myriad of nature-based tourism opportunities, indigenous cultures, and incredible biodiversity. Sustainability of these rely on research and support. This book is an insightful reference to how tourism challenges and opportunities are managed in Brazilian protected regions.
The content and language are directed at undergraduate and graduate students, as well as tourism managers in these areas. Other beneficiaries of this publication include NGOs and students from tourism, environmental sciences, ecology, biology, sociology, economics, and interdisciplinary areas about protected areas within a developing country. This is a welcome reference for researchers worldwide, especially for studies on Brazilian nature-based tourism published in English are scarce.

A number of new undergraduate, graduate and specialization courses focusing on nature tourism, ecotourism, sustainable development, and protected-area management have been created in the last decade in Brazil. Although international courses in developed countries focus on contributing to sustainable tourism and research in protected areas, there are few examples with a distinct focus on viable economic application and planning in Brazil. This book fills in a part of this gap. From the viewpoint of Brazilian researchers, it addresses the reality of the unique theoretical and practical issues facing these economies. It also discusses strategies in applications that focus on improving the benefits from tourism in these protected areas.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Coping with the Effects of Tourism in Natural Areas
(Teresa Magro-Lindenkamp and Anna Julia Passold, Forest Science Department, ESALQ, Universtity of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 2. Nature Tourism Research in Brazil: A Preliminary Scienciometric Approach of the Last 20 Years
(André A. Cunha and Cassio M. M. Costa, Laboratório de Biodiversidade e Áreas Protegidas, Departamento de Ecologia, Centro de Excelência em Turismo, e Centro UnB Cerrado, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Brasília, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 3. Partnerships for Developing Tourism in National Parks
(Camila Gonçalves de Oliveira Rodrigues and Jorge Madeira Nogueira Junior, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4. Tourism Attractiveness Index of Protected Areas of Brazil
(Thiago do Val Simardi Beraldo Souza, Brijesh Thapa and Ernesto Viveiros de Castro, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, Brasília, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 5. Building Capacity for Protected Area Public Use Management and Planning through a Multi-Threaded Partnership
(Stephen F. McCool, Michelle Zweede and Suelene Couto, University of Montana, Professor Emeritus, Missoula, MT, US, and others)

Chapter 6. Public Use, Biodiversity, and National Park Management in Brazil and the United States
(Leandro M. Fontoura and Lowell W. Adams, Department of Tourism and Business, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Nova Iguaçu, RJ, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 7. Modeling Viewshed in Natural Areas: Tourism Planning and Implementation Using GIS
(Romero Gomes Pereira da Silva, Carlos Henke-Oliveira, Everaldo Skalinski Ferreira, Raquel Fetter, Ronaldo Gomes Barbosa and Carlos Hiroo Saito, Centro de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (CDS) / Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro – Asa Norte, Brasília, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 8. Visitor Use Planning at Mariquinha Waterfall, Campos Gerais National Park, Brazil
(Lilian Vieira Miranda Garcia, Jasmine Cardozo Moreira and Robert Clyde Burns, Campos Gerais National Park, ICMBio, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 9. Demonstration Sites: A Practical and Powerful Tool for Evaluating Options, Developing Best Practices, and Building Capacity in Protected Areas
(Bonnie Lippitt and Ryan Finchum, Interpretation and Tourism Program Manager, US Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Regional Office, and others)

Chapter 10. Freedom, Sustainability and the Competing Discourses of Tourism and Mining in the Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve, Brazil
(Mozart Fazito and Luiz Carlos Spiller Pena, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil)

Chapter 11. Tourism in the Surroundings of Protected Areas: The Obstacles to Social-Productive Inclusion
(João Paulo Faria Tasso and Elimar Pinheiro do Nascimento, Center for Excellence in Tourism, University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil)

Chapter 12. Common Sense in Tourism among Rio Negro Sustainable Development Reserve Residents
(Susy Rodrigues Simonetti, Elimar Pinheiro do Nascimento and Maria do P. Socorro R. Chaves, Escola Superior de Artes e Turismo, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 13. Participatory Planning in Tourist Activities with Botos at Anavilhanas National Park, Amazonas, Brazil
(Marcelo D. Vidal, Priscila M. C. Santos, Josângela S. Jesus, Luiz C. P. S. Alves, and Maria P. S. Rodrigues Chaves, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação da Sociobiodiversidade Associada a Povos e Comunidades Tradicionais – CNPT/ICMBio, São Luís-MA, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 14. Community-Based Tourism in Protected Areas: A Move beyond “Paper Parks”
(Nelissa Peralta, Rodrigo Ozorio, Pedro Nassar and Gustavo Pinto, Social Sciences Department, Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém, AM, Brazil, and others)


Keywords: Protected Areas, Tourism, Community based tourism, Environment, Brazilian Protected Areas, Recreation Ecology.

The main audience for this publication are students from tourism, environmental sciences, ecology, biology, sociology, economics, and interdisciplinary areas related to recreation and tourism in protected areas and researchers in these areas. In addition, professional park and protected area managers may find interest in some of the chapters.

Additional information