Titration: Theory, Types, Techniques and Uses

Tanvi Lavanya Joshi (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013000

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Titration: Theory, Types, Techniques and Uses begins with a review of the theoretical fundamentals, materials, working conditions and necessary equipment to carry out conductometric titration. The authors aim to show that where other titration techniques have limitations, conductometric titration can be used successfully.

Following this, historical aspects, foundations, potentialities, and limitations of flow-based titrations are presented with emphasis on triangle programmed, flow-injection, and batchwise titrations, involving sample continuous addition, sample insertion as a plug, or sample stopping inside a chamber-like component in the analytical path, respectively.

The authors also discuss “Potentiometric Mass Titration” (PMT), which was theoretically established in 2003. The PMT method is simple, accurate, and easy to use. According to this method, the point of zero charge of a metal (hydr)oxide is the common intersection point of three titration curves with different amounts of solid.

One of the basic surface charge formation mechanisms is proton association/dissociation or protonation/deprotonation. This charging mechanism is characteristic for sparingly soluble metal oxides, clay minerals, polyelectrolytes with acidic or basic functional groups. In this collection, a double calibration method is applied for the accurate characterization of pH-dependent charging of metal oxides, clay minerals, synthetic and natural acidic nanoparticles, and polyelectrolytes in aqueous media.

In conclusion, the authors discuss isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and potentiometric titration. ITC studies on the interaction capacities of biological active molecules and ions make it possible to simulate molecular recognition processes occurring in biological systems.

Preface

Chapter 1. Conductometric Titration: Theoretical Fundamentals and the Most Relevant Past and Current Applications
(María José Lavorante, Research and Development Department of Renewable Energy, Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas para la Defensa, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Chapter 2. Flow Titrations
(Milton K. Sasaki, Tuanne R. Dias and Elias A. G. Zagatto, Centre for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil)

Chapter 3. Potentiometric Mass Titrations
(John Vakros, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, University Campus Patras, Patras, Greece)

Chapter 4. Potentiometric Characterization of Protonation/Deprotonation Equilibria in Aqueous Colloids
(Etelka Tombácz, Márta Szekeres, Ildikó Y. Tóth, Dániel Nesztor, Erzsébet Illés and Tamás Szabó, Department of Food Engineering, 2Department of Applied and Environmental Chemistry, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary, and others)

Chapter 5. Application of Isothermal Titration Calorimetry and Potentiometric Titration Methods for Studies of Complex Formation Reactions in Mixed Solvents
(Tatyana R. Usacheva, Lan Pham Thi, Diana A. Beregova, Olga I. Odintzova and Valentin A. Sharnin, Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology, Ivanovo, Russia, and others)

Index

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