Titanium Alloys: Formation, Characteristics and Industrial Applications

Lai-Chang Zhang, PhD (Editor)
School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University, Australia

Chao Yang (Editor)
National Engineering Research Center of Near-net-shape Forming for Metallic Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology, Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: TEC021000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Titanium and its alloys are one of the important engineering materials that are becoming increasingly popular for aerospace and biomedical applications due to their wide range of desirable properties. However, these unique properties of titanium and its alloys are strongly affected by different parameters including: chemical composition, microstructure, manufacturing details and heat treatment history. On the other hand, there has been considerable interest in recent years in the development of advanced titanium alloys in nanostructured, ultrafine-grained, and/or amorphous structure to achieve high performance compared with their conventional coarse-grained counterparts. These new titanium alloys show incomparable plasticity with respect to the conventional titanium alloys.

This book highlights the recent advances in the understanding of the formation, characteristics and application of titanium alloys and contains the following topics:
Chapter one reviews the significance of titanium and various titanium-based alloys used in different applications, their corrosion characteristics and degradation mechanisms. Chapter two explores the scientific issues on thermo-mechanical processing of titanium alloys, with the purpose of thorough understanding of a materials microstructure, including how this may be affected or manipulated during manufacturing and processing in order to assess the material’s suitability for a given application. Chapter three and Chapter four show the application of a rapid manufacturing technology – Selective Laser Melting (SLM) to manufacture CP-Ti and biomedical beta-type titanium alloys. Chapters fiveseven present the formation and properties of biomedical titanium alloys prepared by powder metallurgy routes. Chapter eight reports the fabrication and corrosion behavior of Ni-free TiZrCuPdSn BMGs prepared by different techniques. Chapter nine reviews the current progress in the formation, characteristics of titanium based bulk metallic glass matrix composites. Chapters ten-eleven review a strategy of formation of multiple length-scale microstructure composites in order to simultaneously enhance the strength and plasticity in nanostructured titanium alloys.

In summary, this book advances the further understanding of the formation, characteristics and industrial applications for many types of titanium alloys. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. The Significance of Titanium-Based Alloys for Industrial Applications
(I. Gurrappa, I.V.S. Yashwanth, A.K. Gogia and J.S. Burnell-Gray, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Kanchanbagh PO, Hyderabad, India, and others)

Chapter 2. Thermomechanical Processing (TMP) and Strain-Induced Phase Transformation in Titanium Alloys
(Ali Dehghan-Manshadi and Rian J. Dippenaar, Faculty of Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia, and others)

Chapter 3. Selective Laser Melting of Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn Alloy for Biomedical Applications
(Lai-Chang Zhang, Hooyar Attar and Chao Yang, School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Perth, WA, Australia, and others)

Chapter 4. Selective Laser Melting Commercially Pure Titanium: Densification, Microstructure and Wear Performance
(Dongdong Gu, College of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)

Chapter 5. Fabrication and Characterization of Porous Beta Titanium Alloy
(Liqiang Wang, Xiaoxing Cheng, Yue Li, Kelvin Wai Kwok Yeung, Weijie Lu, Jining Qin and Di Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao TongUniversity, Shanghai, China, and others)

Chapter 6. Influence of Oxygen Addition on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr Beta Titanium Alloy
(Liqiang Wang, Weijie Lu, Zhengjie Lin, Minmin Wang, Qianqian Wei, Jining Qin and Di Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)

Chapter 7. Fabrication of Titanium-Based Biomaterial by Spark Plasma Sintering and Crystallization of the Amorphous Phase
(Chao Yang, Li-Ming Zou, Yu-Hua Li and Yuan-Yuan Li, National Engineering Research Center of Near-net-shape Forming for Metallic Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China)

Chapter 8. Fabrication and Corrosion of Ti-Based Metallic Glasses
(Fengxiang Qin, Guoqiang Xie, Shengli Zhu, Xinmin Wang and Zhenhua Dan, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku Univerisity, Japan)
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Chapter 9. Titanium-Based Bulk Metallic Glass Matrix Composite
(Yong-Sheng Wang, Yong Zhang, Guo-Jian Hao and Jun-Pin Lin, State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China)

Chapter 10. Fabrication of Titanium-Based Composites by Spark Plasma Sintering and Crystallization of the Amorphous Phase
(Chao Yang, Le-Hua Liu and Lai-Chang Zhang, National Engineering Research Center of Near-net-shape Forming for Metallic Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, and others)

Chapter 11. High-Strength Ultrafine-Grained Titanium-Based Alloys with Large Plasticity
(Lai-Chang Zhang, School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University,
Joondalup, Perth, WA, Australia)

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