The Universe Evolution: Astrophysical and Nuclear Aspects


Igor Strakovsky (Editor)
George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA

Leonid Blokhintsev (Editor)
Principal Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI051000

This book is a natural follow-up and extension of the recent publication “The Big Bang: Theory, Assumptions and Problems”, (Eds: O’Connell and Hale, 2012, Nova Publications). The authors of the present work deliver an account of current research on the subject of the astrophysical and nuclear physics aspects of the evolution of the universe. They present a general overview of both the theoretical and experimental knowledge of nuclear physics and astrophysics necessary for the understanding of stellar structure and evolution of stars and galaxies.

This account is followed by a discussion of different types of reaction mechanism (transfer, capture and photonuclear) that is further illustrated by appropriate examples. Two- and three-body approaches are among the topics that are addressed and discussed here. The book contains a comprehensive overview of neutron star gamma ray bursts and of pulsar-wind nebulae. The final chapter is devoted to an account of the contributions of the scientific polymath George Gamow to physical cosmology and astrophysics, much of which was based on the foundational work of the pioneers of the physics of stellar structure and evolution, Arthur Eddington, Ralph Fowler, and Subramanian Chandrasekhar. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents

Preface pp,vii-viii
Chapter 1. Nuclear Reactions in Stars: Experimental and Theoretical Aspects
(Pierre Descouvemont, Mahir S. Hussein and Alinka Lepine-Szily, Instituto de Estudos Avançados da Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil, and others)pp,1-50

Chapter 2. The Thermal and Astrophysical Neutron Capture on Light Nuclei in Potential Cluster Model with Forbidden States
(Sergey Dubovichenko and Albert Dzhazairov-Kakhramanov, V G. Fessenkov Astrophysical Institute “NCSRT” NSA RK, Almaty, Kazakhstan, and others)pp,51-110

Chapter 3. Photonuclear Reactions and Astrophysics
(B.S. Ishkhanov, V.N. Orlin, K.A. Stopani and V.V. Varlamov, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, and others)pp,111-154

Chapter 4. Astrophysical Aspects of Photonuclear Reactions in Dynamic Potential Cluster Model
(N.V. Afanasyеva and N.A. Burkova, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan)pp,155-184

Chapter 5. Understanding Radiative-Capture Reactions at Very Low Energies
(Daniel Baye, Physique Quantique and Physique Nucleaire Theorique et Physique Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium)pp,185-216

Chapter 6. Modified Two- and Three-Body Approaches, Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients and Their Application for Nuclear-Astrophysics
(R. Yarmukhamedov and Q.I. Tursunmahatov, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)pp,117-268

Chapter 7. Three Nucleon Forces and Some Aspects of Nuclear Astrophysics
(Yu.N. Uzikov, Joint Institute for Nuclear Researches, Russia, and others)pp,269-292

Chapter 8. Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars: The Interplay between Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics
(Marco La Cognata, Laboratori Nazionali del Sud – Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania, Italy)pp,293-322

Chapter 9. Modern Energy Density Functional for Nuclei and the Nuclear Matter Equation of State
(Shalom Shlomo, Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA)pp323-358

Chapter 10. Pulsar-Wind Nebulae as a Dominant Population of Galactic VHE Sources
(Oleg Kargaltsev, Blagoy Rangelov and George G. Pavlov, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA, and others)pp,359-406

Chapter 11. Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Most Relativistic Cosmic Explosions
(Alessandra Corsi, Physics Department, George Washington University,
Washington, DC, USA)pp,407-428

Chapter 12. The Universe Evolution – Global Astrophysical Properties
(Leonid M. Chechin, V.G. Fessenkov Astrophysical Institute, National Centre for Space Research and Technology, National Space Agency Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan)pp,429-470

Chapter 13. Dynamical Evolution of Binary Gravitating Systems with Variable Mass
(Ch. T. Omarov, T.B. Omarov and G.T. Omarova, Laboratory of Stellar Dynamics, Computational Astrophysica and Cosmology, Fessenkov Astrophysical Institute, Almaty, Kazakhstan)pp,471-494

Chapter 14. A Tale of George Gamow, Who Brought Nuclear Physics to Astrophysics
(Eamon Harper, Churchill College, Cambridge, UK)pp,495-534

Index pp,535-545

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