The System of Nature. Volume 2

Paul Henri Thiery (Baron D’Holbach)

Series: World Philosophy
BISAC: PHI022000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The System of Nature is a 2 volume book on philosophy written by Paul-Henri Thiry in 1770 and published in French. Most importantly, the author denies the existence of God, arguing that belief in a higher being is the product of fear, lack of understanding, and anthropomorphism. It is the most comprehensive description of Atheism in the history of philosophy.
(Imprint: SNOVA)

PART II. Of the Divinity.—Proofs of his existence.— Of his attributes.—Of his influence over the happiness of man.
CHAPTER I. The origin of man's ideas upon the Divinity.
CHAPTER II. Of mythology.—Of theology
CHAPTER III. Of the confused and contradictory ideas of theology.
CHAPTER IV. Examination of the proofs of the existence of the Divinity, as given by Clarke.
CHAPTER V. Examination of the proofs offered by Descartes, Malebranche, Newton, &c.
CHAPTER VI. Of Pantheism; or of the natural ideas of the Divinity.
CHAPTER VII. Of Theism—Of the System of Optimism—Of Final Causes
CHAPTER VIII. Examination of the Advantages which result from Man's Notions on the Divinity;—of their Influence upon Morals;—upon Politics;—upon Science;—upon the Happiness of Nations, and that of individuals.
CHAPTER IX. Theological Notions cannot be the Basis of Morality.—Comparison between Theological Ethics and Natural Morality—Theology prejudicial to the Human Mind.
CHAPTER X. Man can form no Conclusion from the Ideas which are offered him of the Divinity.—Of their want of just Inference.—Of the Inutility of his Conduct.
CHAPTER XI. Defence of the Sentiments contained in this Work.—Of Impiety.—Do there exist Atheists?
CHAPTER XII. Is what is termed Atheism, compatible with Morality?
CHAPTER XIII. Of the motives which lead to what is falsely called Atheism.—Can this System be dangerous?—Can it be embraced by the Illiterate?
CHAPTER XIV. A summary of the Code of Nature. A Brief Sketch of the Life and Writings of M. de Mirabaud

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