The Role of Communication Partners in the Audiological Rehabilitation

Vinaya Manchaiah, Ph.D.
Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas, USA

Brian Taylor
Fuel Medical Group, Camas, Washington, USA

Series: Audiology and Hearing Research Advances
BISAC: MED007000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


Digitally watermarked, DRM-free.
Immediate eBook download after purchase.

Product price
Additional options total:
Order total:



The Role of Communication Partners in the Audiological Rehabilitation uncovers the psychological and social processes that the communication partners of persons with hearing loss may experience.

Currently, there is a renewed focus on family-centered audiological rehabilitation. For this reason, involving patients and their communication partners in all aspects of rehabilitation is necessary. Given the growing importance of audiological rehabilitation among clinicians around the world, this book focuses on several critical aspects of audiological enablement as well as the rehabilitation of patients and their communication partners. This is the first book to focus solely on the communication partners of persons with hearing loss and helps uncover the human dynamics associated with hearing loss.

This book is aimed at hearing healthcare professionals to supplement their reading about audiological rehabilitation. In addition to enhancing existing coursework in this area and family centric care, a quick glance of the chapters reveals several tools and tips that audiologists can put into immediate practice. For these reasons, this book is a useful resource for early career communication disorder students and allied healthcare professionals alike. Vinaya Manchaiah is a Jo Mayo Endowed Professor in the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Texas, USA. Brian Taylor is the Director of Clinical Audiology for the Fuel Medical Group, USA.

List of figures

List of tables





About the Authors

Copyright declarations

Chapter 1. Introduction: Hearing Loss is a Communication Problem (pp. 1-32)

Chapter 2. Third Party Disability as Defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (pp. 33-46)

Chapter 3. Positive and Negative Consequences Reported by Communication Partners of Persons with Hearing Loss (pp. 47-62)

Chapter 4. The Communication Partners’ Journey through Their Partner’s Hearing Loss (pp. 63-76)

Chapter 5. The Role of Communication Partners in Audiological Enablement and Rehabilitation (pp. 77-90)

Chapter 6. Models to Represent Communication Partners within the Social Networks of People with Hearing Loss (pp. 91-106)

Chapter 7. Goal Setting and Sharing for the Communication Partner (pp. 107-130)

Chapter 8. Shared Decision-Making and Family Centered Audiological Rehabilitation (pp. 131-154)

References (pp. 155-168)

Index (pp. 169)

“In 2005 I wrote a book about hearing loss and communication (Danermark, first published 2005). At that time it was a disturbing lack of publications addressing the communication partner. This was surprising since, as Lise Lotte Bundesen writes in her foreward to this book, family centered rehabilitation has been discussed for more than 50 years. Experience a hearing loss often leads to problems in work and family life and maintaining social bonds with friends and acquaintances is a challenge. It has great significance for people in the person´s immediate surroundings. Conversation is an extremely complex social action and fundamental for human beings. It requires the active participation of all involved and the credo in my aforementioned book was “It takes two to tango”. However, I did not expected that it would take 13 years before the issue of the role of communication partner in audiological rehabilitation would be addressed in an in-depth theoretical, empirical and comprehensive way.
The authors of the book are very well suited for such an endeavor. They both have long experience and outstanding insight in adult audiological rehabilitation both from a theoretical and a practical perspective. The book is inspired by the framework of Stages of change model; person-centered audiological rehabilitation initially developed by the IDA Institute and further developed by Manchaiah.
The text deals with a number of aspects of the role of the communication partner. In the first chapter the authors emphasize that hearing loss is a communication problem. It is a medical condition which requires medical competence but since hearing loss often also is a communication disorder competences in communication is needed in the rehabilitation process. The next chapter deals with the concept “third-party disability”. It is essential having a clear understanding of this and with help of WHO´s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and health (ICF) the authors describe the range of restrictions and limitations that the communication partner might experiences. The third chapter presents the state of art regarding our knowledge of positive and negative consequences reported by communication partners of persons with hearing loss. Notably here is the discussion of the positive experiences which in the literature about hearing loss often is disregarded. Positive experiences are often related to personal development and improved relationships. Chapter 4 focuses the stages of change model mentioned above in terms of a journey consisting of seven main phases, from contemplation to resolution. It is a model that has been used to understand the journey a person with hearing loss undergoes. By employing this model on the communication partner the authors present a cohesive view of the process the partner experiences. In the following chapter the authors discuss the importance of and strongly argue to involve the partner in the rehabilitation process and they provide the readers with practical advices. In Chapter 6 the problems of maintaining social networks is addressing. The authors discuss this in terms of Communication Rings which they find too restrictive and suggest a more elaborated model Communication World. A crucial part of person-centered audiological rehabilitation is goal setting and shared decision-making. This must also involves the communication partner. In Chapter 7 and 8 the authors provide us with tools and tactics for this.
It is not possible to give justice to the breadth and deep of the content in the book. The theoretical parts as well as the empirical parts are well-written. However, there is one aspect I find disturbing. The authors seems to embrace the traditional, and according to my view old fashioned, view of the communication process in terms of a sender-receiver-medium approach. This comes to the fore in the last chapter. This perspective indicates that communication is about sending a message which (hopefully) a receiver should be able to take in and understand it as the sender intended. This approach has been heavily criticized over the last decades, especially from a dialogue perspective which emphasizes interaction and creating of meaning as a joint activity (see e.g. Linell, 1998). This is the raison d’être for involving the partner. It would had been interesting if the authors had engage more in the state of the art of communication theories and research.
However, this comment should not obscure its strengths. The great importance of this book cannot be underestimated. My experiences as a researcher is that although there is a general understanding of the importance to involve the main communication partner in the audiological rehabilitation this is often overlooked in the clinical work. There might be many reasons for this such as lack of willingness from the partner and resources. But after the publication of this book one cannot claim that it is related to lack of knowledge, neither theoretical nor practical. The book is well footed in current research and reliable knowledge. It also provide the reader with concrete examples of how to acknowledge the communication partner in the audiological rehabilitation. I can indeed recommend the book for professionals in the field. Clinicians, counsellors, speech pathologists, students in these disciplines will all benefit from reading the book.” - Berth Danermark, Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences / School of Health Sciences, Institute of Disability Research, Sweden

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (n.d.). Audiologic (Hearing) Rehabilitation. Retrieved July 21, 2017 from
Anderson, D. & Noble, W. (2005). Couples’ attributions about behaviours modulated by hearing impairment: Links with relationship satisfaction. International Journal of Audiology, 44, 197–205.
Antonucci, T. C. & Akiyama, H. (1987). Social Networks in Adult Life and a Preliminary Examination of the Convoy Model. Journal of Gerontology, 42(5), 519-527.
Arlinger, S. (2003). Negative consequences of uncorrected hearing loss: A review. International Journal of Audiology, 42, S17-20.
Bainbridge, K. E. & Wallhagen, M. I. (2014). Hearing loss in an aging American population: Extent, impact, and management. Annual Review of Public Health, 35,139-152.
Bannick, F. (2006). 1001 Solution-focused questions: Handbook for solution-focused interviewing. New York: Norton.
Beach, M. C. & Inui, T. (2006). Relationship-centered care: A constructive reframing. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(S1), S3-8.
Bergman, M. (1950). A Manual for Planning a Clinic for the Rehabilitation of the Acoustically Handicapped. Acta Oto-laryngologica, S89.
Brooks, D. N., Hallam, R. S., & Mellor, P. A. (2001). The effects on significant others of providing a hearing aid to the hearing-impaired partner. British Journal of Audiology 35(3), 165-171.
Chien, W. & Lin, F. (2012). Prevalence of hearing aid use among older adults in the United States. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172, 292-203.
Chia, E-M., Wang, J. J., Rochtchina, E., Cumming, R. R., Newall, P., & Paul, M. (2007). Hearing impairment and health-related quality of life: The Blue Mountains hearing study. Ear and Hearing, 28, 187–195.
Chisolm, T. H., Johnson, C. E., Danhauer, J. L., Portz, L. J .P., Abrams, H. B., Lesner, S., McCarthy, P. A., et al. (2007). A systematic review of health-related quality of life and hearing aids: Final report of the American Academy of Audiology task force on the health-related quality of life benefits of amplification in adults. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 18,151-183.
Claesen, E., & Pryce, H. (2012). An exploration of the perspective of help-seekers prescribed hearing aids. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 13(3), 279-284.
Cox, R. (2014, April). 20Q: Hearing Aid Provision and the Challenge of Change. AudiologyOnline, Article 12596. Retrieved from:
Danermark, B. (2014). (Re)capturing the conversation: A book about hearing loss and communication. New Delhi, Delhi: Kanishka Publishers and Distributors.
Danermark, B. (1998). Hearing impairment, emotions, and audiological rehabilitation: A sociological perspective. Scandinavian Audiology, 49S, 125-131.
Dewane, C. (2010). Hearing loss in older adults: Its effect on mental health. Social Work Today, 10(4), 18.
Donaldson N., Worrall L., & Hickson L. (2004). Older people with hearing impairment: A literature review of the spouse’s perspective. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Audiology, 26(1), 30-39.
Duijvestijn, J., Anteunis, L., Hoek C., van den Brink, R. H., Chenault, M. N. & Manni, J. J. (2003). Help-seeking behaviour of hearing-impaired persons aged 55 years: Effect of complaints, significant others, and hearing aid image. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 123(7), 846–850.
English, T. & Carstensen, L. (2014). Selective narrowing of social networks across adulthood is associated with improved emotional experience in daily life. Internal Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(2),195-202.
Fredriksson, C. (2001). Learning to live with acquired hearing loss seen from the perspective of the pair. (Unpublished PhD Thesis). Linköping University, Sweden.
Gagné J-P, Jennings, M. B. (2000). Audiological Rehabilitation Intervention Services for Adults with Acquired Hearing Impairment. In Valente, M., Hosford-Dunn, H., & Roeser, R. J., editors, Audiology Treatment (370-399). New York: Thieme.
Garfield, B. & Levy, D. (2013). Can’t Buy Me Like. New York: Penguin Group.
Gallant, M. P. (2003). The influence of social support on chronic illness self-management: A review and directions for research. Health Education and Behavior, 30(2), 170-195.
Genther, D., Betz, J., Pratt, S., Kritchevsky, S. B., Martin, K. R., Harris, T. B., Lin, F. R. (2015). Association of hearing impairment and mortality in older adults. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. The Journals of Gerontology, 70(1), 85-90.
Gilligan, J. & Weinstein, B. E. (2014). Health literacy and patient-centered care in audiology –implications for adult aural rehabilitation. Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies and Hearing Aids, 2, 110.
Gillon, S. (2004). Boomer Nation: The Largest and Richest Generation Ever, and How It Changed America. Free Press: New York.
Goldstein, D. P. & Stephens, S. D. G. (1981). Audiological rehabilitation: Management model I. Audiology, 20, 432-452.
Gordon, T., & Edwards, W. S. (1997). Making the Patient Your Partner: Communication Skills for Doctors and Other Caregivers. London: Auburn House.
Granberg, S., Dahlström, J., Möller, C., Kähäri, K., & Danermark, B. (2014a). The ICF Core Sets for hearing loss – researcher perspective. Part I: Systematic review of outcome measures identified in audiological research. International Journal of Audiology, 53(2), 65-76.
Granberg, S., Möller, K., Skagerstrand, A., Möller, C., & Danermark, B. (2014b). The ICF Core Sets for hearing loss – researcher perspective, Part II: Linking outcome measures to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). International Journal of Audiology, 53(2), 77-87.
Granberg, S., Pronk, M., Swanepoel de, W., Kramer, S. E., Hagsten, H., Hjaldahl, J., Danermark, B. (2014c). The ICF core sets for hearing loss project: Functioning and disability from the patient perspective. International Journal of Audiology, 53(11), 777-786.
Granberg, S., Swanepoel de, W., Englund, U., Moller, C., & Danermark, B. (2014d). The ICF core sets for hearing loss project: International expert survey on functioning and disability of adults with hearing loss using the international classification of functioning, disability, and health (ICF). International Journal of Audiology, 53(8), 497-506.
Grenness, C., Hickson, L., Laplante-Lévesque, A., Meyer, C., & Davidson, B. (2015). The nature of communication throughout diagnosis and management planning in initial audiologic rehabilitation consultations. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 26(1), 36-50. doi: 10.3766.jaaa.26.1.5.
Grenness, C., Meyer, C., Scarinci, N., Ekberg, K., & Hickson, L. (2016). The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health as a framework for providing patient- and family- centered audiological care for older adults and their significant others. Seminars in Hearing, 37(30), 187-199.
Harvey, M. A. (2003). Audiology and motivational interviewing: A psychologist’s perspective. AudiologyOnline, Article 1119. Retrieved from:
Hendrick, S. S. (1988). A generic measure of relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marriage and Family, 50, 93–98.
Hickson, L. & Scarinci, N. (2007). Older adults with acquired hearing impairment: Applying the ICF in rehabilitation. Seminars in Speech and Language, 28, 283-290.
Hickson, L. M. H., Worrall, L. E., Barnett, H. M., & Yiu, E. M. L. (1995). The relationship between communication skills, social networks, and decision-making strategies: An exploratory study. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 14, 89-94.
Hodes, M., Schow, R., & Brockett, J. (2009). New support for hearing aid measures: The computerized SAC and SOAC. Hearing Review, 16, 26–36.
Hunt, L. & Arar, N. (2000). An analytical framework for contrasting patient and provider views of the process of chronic disease management. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 15(3), 347–367.
Ida Institute (2009). A possible patient journey. Retrieved on March 16, 2016 from: deve lopment/get_started/patient_journey/.
Ida Institute (2010a). Communication Rings. Retrieved from: http://
Ida Institute (2010b). Goal-sharing for Partners Strategy. Retrieved from:
Jennings, M. B. (2009). Evaluating the efficacy of a group audiologic rehabilitation program for adults with hearing loss using a goal attainment scaling approach. Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, 33, 146-153.
Kahn, R. & Antonucci, T. C. (1980). Convoys over the life course: Attachment, roles, and social support. In: Baltes, P. & Brim, O. eds. Life-span Development and Behaviour. New York: Academic Press, 253-286.
Kamil R. J. & Lin, F. R. (2015). The effect of hearing impairment in older adults on communication partners: A systematic review. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 26(2), 155-182.
Knudsen, L. V., Öberg, M., Nielsen, C., Naylor, G. & Kramer, S. E. (2010). Factors influencing help seeking, hearing aid uptake, hearing aid use and satisfaction with hearing aids: A literature review. Trends in Amplification, 14(3), 127-154.
Kon, A. A. (2010). The shared decision-making consensus. Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(8), 903-904.
Kramer, S. E., Kapteyn, T. S., Kuik, D .J., & Deeg, D. J. H. (2002). The association of hearing impairment and chronic disease with psychological health status in older age. Journal of Aging and Health, 14(1),122-137.
Laplante-Lévesque, A., Hickson, L., & Worrall, L. (2010). Rehabilitation of older adults with hearing impairment: A critical review. Journal of Aging and Health, 22, 143–153.
Laplante-Levesque, A., Hickson, L., & Worrall, L. (2012a). What makes adults with hearing impairment take up hearing aids or communication programs and achieve successful outcomes? Ear and Hearing, 33, 79-93.
Laplante-Lévesque A., Knudsen L. V., Preminger J. E., Jones L., Nielsen C., Öberg, M., Kramer, S. E. (2012b). Hearing help-seeking and rehabilitation: perspectives of adults with hearing impairment. International Journal of Audiology, 51, 93-102.
Laplante-Lévesque, A., Jensen, L. D., Dawes, P., and Nielsen, C. (2013). Optimal hearing aid use: Focus groups with hearing aid clients and audiologists. Ear and Hearing, 34, 2, 193-202.
Lin, F. R., Niparko, J. K., & Ferrucci, L. (2011). Hearing loss prevalence in the United States. Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(10), 1851-1852.
Lin, F. R. & Ferrucci, L. (2012). Hearing loss and falls among older adults in the United States. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(4), 369-371.
Lind, C., Hickson, L., Worrall, L., Lovie-Kitchin, J., Yiu, E., & Barnett, H. (2003). Hearing and vision impairment and the social networks of older Australians. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 22(1), 20-25.
Mahoney, C. F., Stephens, D., & Cadge, B. A. (1996). Who prompts patients to consult about hearing loss? British Journal of Audiology, 30, 153–158. 
Manchaiah, V. K. C. & Freeman, B. (2011). Audiogram: Is there a need for change in the approach to categorize the degree/severity of hearing loss? International Journal of Audiology, 50, 638-640.
Manchaiah, V. K. C. & Stephens, D. (2013a). Perspectives in defining ‘hearing loss’ and its consequences. Hearing, Balance and Communication, 11(1), 6-16.
Manchaiah, V. K. C. & Stephens, D. (2013b). Life consequences and positive experiences reported by communication partners of person with hearing impairment: A pilot study. Speech, Language & Hearing, 16(1), 2-8.
Manchaiah, V., Stephens, D., and Meredith, R. (2011). The patient journey of adults with hearing impairment: The patients’ view. Clinical Otolaryngology, 36(3), 227-234.
Manchaiah, V., Stephens, D., Zhao, F., & Kramer, S. (2012). The role of communication partners in the audiological enablement/rehabilitation of a person with hearing impairment: A discussion paper. Audiological Medicine, 10(6), 21-30.
Manchaiah, V.,

Stephens, D. & Lunner, T. (2013). Communication partners’ journey through their partner’s hearing impairment. International Journal of Otolaryngology, Article ID 707910, 1-11.
Manchaiah, V., Baguley, D., Pyykkö, I., Kentala, E. & Levo, H. (2015a). Positive experiences associated with acquired hearing loss, Ménière’s Disease and tinnitus: A review. International Journal of Audiology, 54(1), 1-10.
Manchaiah, V., Möller, K., Pyykkö, I. & Durisala, N. (2015b). Capturing positive experiences of a health condition such as hearing loss and balance disorders when using the ICF framework. Hearing, Balance and Communication, 13(3), 134-136.
Manchaiah, V., Hernandez, B. M. & Beck, D. L. (2017). Applications of transtheoretical (stages of change model) in studying attitudes and behaviors of adults with hearing loss: A systematic review. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, In Press.
Marx, M. S., Werner, P., Cohen-Mansfield, J., & Feldman, R. (1992). The relationship between low vision and activities of daily living in nursing home residents. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 40, 1018-20.
McKenna, L. (1987). Goal planning in audiological rehabilitation. British Journal of Audiology, 21, 5-11.
Miller, W. R. & Rollnick, S. (1991). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People for Change. New York: Guilford Press.
Montano, J. & Al Kamada, H. (2012). The communication rings: A tool for exploring the social networks of individuals with hearing loss. Seminars in Hearing, 33(1), 46-52.
Nash, S. D. (2013). Unmet hearing health care needs: The Beaver Dam offspring study. American Journal of Public Health,103(6), 1134-1139.
Newman, C. W., Jacobson, G. P., Hug, G. A., Weinstein, B. E., & Malinoff, R. F. (1991). Practical method for quantifying hearing aid benefit in older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 2, 70-75.
Niemensivu, R., Manchaiah, V., Roine, R., Sintonen, H., & Kentala, E. (2015). Health related quality of life in adults with hearing impairment before and after hearing aid rehabilitation in Finland. International Journal of Audiology, 54(12), 967-75.
Oliver, M. (1996). Understanding disability, from theory to practice. London: Macmillan.
Pauls, M. D. & Hardy, W. G. (1948). Fundamentals in the treatment of communicative disorders caused by hearing disability. Part 2. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 13, 97-105.
Perry, W. (2008). Basic Counseling Techniques: A Beginning Therapist’s Toolkit. Bloomington, IN: Author House Publishing.
Piercy, S. K., & Piercy, F. P. (2002). Couple dynamics and attributions when one partner has an acquired hearing loss: Implications for couple therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28(3), 315-326.
Poost-Foroosh, L., Jennings, M. B., & Cheesman, M. F. (2015). Comparisons of client and clinician views of the importance of factors in client-clinician interaction in hearing aid purchase decisions. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 26(3), 247-259.
Preminger, J. E. (2002). Differences in perceived hearing handicap as reported by listeners with hearing loss and their significant others. Journal of the Academy of Rehabilitative Audiology, 35, 29-42.
Preminger, J. E. (2003). Should significant others be encouraged to join adult group audiologic rehabilitation classes? Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 14, 545- 555.
Preminger, J. E. (2009). Audiologic rehabilitation with adults & significant others: Is it really worth it? Audiology Online. Retrived on July 27, 2017 from:
Preminger, J. & Meeks, S. (2010a). The influence of mood on perception of hearing-loss related quality of life in people with hearing loss and their significant others. International Journal Audiology, 49(4), 263–271.
Preminger, J. & Meeks, S. (2010b). Evaluation of an audiological rehabilitation program for spouses of people with hearing loss. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 21(5), 315–328.
Preminger, J. & Lind, C. (2012). Assisting communication partners in the setting of treatment goals: the development of the goal setting partners strategy. Seminars in Hearing, 33(1), 53-64.
Preminger, J. E., Oxenbøll, M., Barnett, M. B., Jensen, L. D. & Laplante-Levesque, A. (2015). Perceptions of adults with hearing impairment regarding the promotion of trust in hearing healthcare service delivery. International Journal of Audiology, 54, 20-28.
Prochaska, J. & Velicer, W. (1997). The transtheoretical model of health behaviour change. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12(1), 38-48.
Pyykkö, I., Manchaiah, V. K. C., Kentala, E. & Levo, H. (2014). Significant others of patients with hearing and balance disorders report positive experiences. International Journal of Audiology, 53(4), 285-286.
Resnick, H. E., Fries, B. E., & Verbrugge, L. M. (1997). Windows to their world: The effect of sensory impairments on social engagement and activity time in nursing home residents. The Journal of Gerontology: Social Science, 528, S135-44.
Rollnick, R., Miller, W., & Butler, C. (2008). Motivational Interviewing in Health Care: Helping Patients Change Behavior. New York: Guilford Press.
Saunders, G. Preminger, J. & Scarinci, N. (2017). Family-centered care: working with partners reporting “incongruent” hearing aid outcomes. Hearing Review, 24(2), 26-30.
Scarinci, N., Worrall, L., and Hickson, L., (2008). The effect of hearing impairment in older people on the spouse. International Journal of Audiology, 47(3), 141-151.
Scarinci, N., Worrall, L., and Hickson, L. (2009a). The ICF and third-party disability: Its application to spouses of older people with hearing impairment. Disability Rehabilitation, 31(25), 2088-2100.
Scarinci, N., Worrall, L., & Hickson, L. (2009b). The effect of hearing impairment in older people on the spouse: Development and psychometric testing of the Significant Other Scale for Hearing Disability (SOS- HEAR). International Journal of Audiology, 48, 671-683.
Scarinci, N., Worrall, L., & Hickson, L. (2011). Third-Party Disability in Spouses of Older People with Hearing Impairment. Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, 18(1), 3-12. doi:10.1044/arii18.1.3.
Schow, R. L., & Nerbonne, M. A. (1982). Communication screening profile: Use with elderly clients. Ear and Hearing, 3, 135–147.
Schutz, W. C. (2005). The Postulate of Interpersonal Needs: Description. In S. Friedley, (ed). Foundations of Interpersonal Communication: A Reader. Reno, Nevada: Bent Tree Press, pp. 3-25.
Schulz, K. A., Modeste, N., Lee, J. W., Roberts, R., Saunders, G .H., & Witsell, D. L. (2017). Burden on hearing loss on communication partners and its influence on pursuit of hearing evaluation. Ear and Hearing, Mar 23. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000421.
Singh, G., & Launer, S. (2016). Social context and hearing aid adoption. Trends in Hearing, 20, 1-10. DOI: 10.1177/2331216516673833.
Singh, G., Lau, S-T., & Pichora-Fuller, K. M. (2015). Social support predicts hearing aid satisfaction. Ear & Hearing, 36(6), 664-676. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000182.
Singh, G., Hickson, L., English, K., Scherpiet, S., Lemke, U., Timmer, B., Launer, S. (2016). Family-centered adult audiologic care: A Phonak position statement. Hearing Review, 23(4), 16.
Stark, P. & Hickson, L. (2004). Outcomes of hearing aid fitting for older people with hearing impairment and their significant others. International Journal of Audiology, 43(7), 390-398.
Stephens, D. (2002). Audiological Rehabilitation. In: Luxon, L., Furman, J. M., Martini, A. (eds.) Textbook of Audiological Medicine. Martin Dunitz, London, pp. 513-531.
Stephens, D. & Kerr, P. (2003). The role of positive experiences in living with acquired hearing loss. International Journal of Audiology, 2, 118–127.
Stephens, D., & Danermark. B. (2005). The international classification of functioning, disability and health as a conceptual framework for the impact of genetic hearing impairment. In: Stephens, D. Jones, L. (eds.) The Impact of Genetic Hearing Impairment. Whurr, London, pp. 54-67.
Stephens, D., & Kramer S. (2009). Living with hearing difficulties: The process of enablement. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stephens, G., Kramer, S. E. (2011). Audiology: Audiological enablement/rehabilitation. In: Stone, J. H., Blouin, M. (eds.) International Encyclopaedia of Rehabilitation. Retrieved from:
Stephens, D., & Pyykko, I. (2011). How useful are ‘add-on’ questions in questionnaires? Audiological Medicine, 9, 1–2. doi: 10.3109/
Stephens, D., France, L. & Lormore, K. (1995). Effects of impairment on the patient’s family and friends. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 115(2), 165-167.
Thibaut, J. W., & Kelley, H. H. (1959). The Social Psychology of Groups. New York: Wiley.
Turner, R. J. (1981). Social support as a contingency in psychological well-being. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 22, 357-67.
Tye-Murray, N., & Schum, L. (1994). Conversation training for frequent communication partners. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology – Monograph Supplement, 27, 209-236.
Wade, D. T. (2006). Why physical medicine, physical disability and physical rehabilitation? We should abandon Cartesian dualism. Clinical Rehabilitation, 20, 185-190.
Wallhagen, M. I., & Pettengill, E. (2008). Hearing impairment: significant but under-assessed in primary care settings. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 34(2), 36-42.
Weinstein, B. E., & Ventry, I. M. (1982). Hearing impairment and social isolation in the elderly. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 25, 593-99.
World Health Organization (WHO; 2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

This book is aimed at hearing healthcare professionals to supplement their reading about audiological rehabilitation. In addition to enhancing existing coursework in this area and family centric care, a quick glance of the chapters reveals several tools and tips that audiologists can put into immediate practice. For these reasons, this book is a useful resource for early career communication disorder students and allied healthcare professionals alike.

You have not viewed any product yet.