The Promising Future of Jatropha curcas: Properties and Potential Applications

Maira Rubi Segura-Campos, PhD, MSc (Editor)
Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Yucatán, México

David Betancur-Ancona, MD (Editor)
Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Campus de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierías, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Yucatán, Mexico

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: NAT026000



Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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J. curcas L. is a small or large shrub tree, up to 5–7m tall, belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family which consists of around 800 species and belongs to around321 genera. Jatropha is a drought resistant crop that has a life expectancy of up to fifty years. It is also known as Ratanjayot and the “physic nut”. It can grow in arid, semiarid and wasteland climates. The plant has its native distributional range in Mexico, Central America, Africa, Brazil, the Indian subcontinent, Peru, Argentina and Paraguay. J. curcas offers many benefits. Some of these benefits include: It costs almost nothing to grow; it is perennial, drought resistant and adapted for marginal land, and seems to be adequate for land reclamation; it can be grown almost anywhere — even in sandy, saline, or otherwise infertile soil; it is easy to propagate; it is capable of stabilizing sand dunes, acting as a windbreaker and combating desertification; it naturally repels both animals and insects; it does not exhaust the nutrients in the land; it does not require expensive crop rotation; it does not require fertilizers; and it grows quickly and establishes itself easily, among many other beneficial qualities. Currently, J. curcas can produce 2,000 L/ha oil annually. Presently, the production and usage of J. curcas oil is no longer confined to a specific geographic region or a limited number of end-products. Large quantities of J. curcas oil are consumed all over the world as ingredients of numerous products manufactured by a large number of industries. J. curcas was found to be suitable as a non-edible vegetable oil feedstock in oleochemical industries (biodiesel, fatty acids, soap, cosmetics, paraffin, fatty nitrogenous derivatives, surfactants and detergents, etc.). To supply J. curcas oil and its derived ingredients to these industries and their customers, an integrated J. curcas oil production has been developed over the years. Globally, J. curcas has created an interest for researchers because it is a non-edible oil, does not create a food versus fuel conflict, and can be used to produce biodiesel with same or better performance results when tested in diesel engines. For the above mentioned, the purpose of this book is to provide an insight into the possibilities of applying J. curcas for commercial purposes. Emphasis will be placed on the biology, chemistry and potential uses of J. curcas and its derivatives. (Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. Seeds of Jatropha curcas L.: Diversity, Yield, Quality, Storage and Germination
E. Saadaoui, J. J. Martín, N. Ghazel, N. Massoudi and E. Cervantes (University of Carthage, Regional Station of Gabes, LGVR-INRGREF, Tunisia, and others)

Chapter 2. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Jatropha curcas
Lucero Méndez and Janne Rojas (Polymer and colloids laboratory “POLYCOL,” Faculty of Engineering, University of Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela, and others)

Chapter 3. Jatropha curcas L. Biomass Raw Materials: The Current State and Future Potentialities
N. A. Sri Aprilia, Abdul Khalil, M. Dani Supardan, Adisalamun, Amri Amin, M.K. Mohamad Haafiz, M.I. Syakir, and M.R Nurul Fazita (Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, University of Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, and others)

Chapter 4. Phytochemical Aspects of Jatropha curcas and its Application in Health
Ludy C. Pabón B. and Patricia Hernández-Rodríguez (Department of Basic Sciences. Research Group Molecular Biology and Immunogenetics (BIOMIGEN). Center Research CISVI. Universidad de La Salle. Bogotá–Colombia. South America)

Chapter 5. Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.) Extracts and Active Compounds with Biological Activity Against Pest Insects and Pathogenic Fungi
Liliana C. Córdova-Albores, Silvia Bautista-Baños, Laura L. Barrera-Necha, Miguel Salvador-Figueroa, Ma. de Lourdes Adriano-Anaya, Isidro Ovando-Medina (Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bióticos-IPN. Carretera Yautepec-Jojutla, San Isidro, Yautepec, Morelos, México, and others)

Chapter 6. Functional Potential of Jatropha curcas L. in Prevention and Treatment of Non Communicable Diseases
Edwin Enrique Martínez Leo and Maira Rubi Segura Campo,( Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México)

Chapter 7. Biotechnological Applications of Protein Hydrolysates and Curcin from Jatropha curcas L. Seeds
L. P. Jaramillo-Quintero and L. P. Jaramillo-Quintero (Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Ingeniería y Tecnología, Calzada Apizaquito S/N, Apizaco, Tlaxcala, México, and others)

Chapter 8. Morphoanatomy and Ontogeny of the Fruit and Seeds of Jatropha curcas L.: A Promising Biofuel Plant
N. Corte-Real, L. Endres, K. P. O. Santos, R. C. B. Figueirêdo, E. C. P. Arruda, C. Ulisses, M. F. Pompelli (Plant Physiology Laboratory, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 9. Jatropha curcas: A Sustainable Feedstock for Biodiesel Synthesis
Nurudeen Ishola Mohammed and Nassereldeen Ahmed Kabbashi (Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Centre (BERC), Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia)

Chapter 10. Jatropha curcas Seed Oil and Biofuels
J. García-Davila and A.L. Martinez-Ayala (Universidad Politécnica de Tlaxcala Av. Universidad Politécnica, San Pedro Xalcaltzinco, Tepeyanco, Tlaxcala, México, and others)

Chapter 11. Perspective of Bioenergy Crop Jatropha curcas Improving Agriculture and Mitigation of Global Climate Change
Santosh Ranjan Mohanty, and Bharati Kollah (Indian Institute of Soil Science, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Berasia Road, Nabibagh, Bhopal, India)

Chapter 12. Agribusiness Potential use of Jatropha curcas in the World: A Review
Betty Jarma Arroyo and Alfredo Jarma Orozco (Agroindustrial Engineer, Special Consultant, Agricultural Engineer, University of Cordoba, Montería, Córdoba, Colombia)

Chapter 13. Can Jatropha Have a Second Chance? Insights Based on Previous Experiences in México
Arturo Pérez-Vázquez, Jorge Martínez-Herrera, Ofelia Andrea Valdés-Rodríguez, Leobigildo Córdoba Tellez, and Odilon Sánchez Sánchez (Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Veracruz, Veracruz, Ver., México, and others)


Chapter 1

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