The Political Algebra of Global Value Change: General Models and Implications for the Muslim World

Arno Tausch
Corvinus University, Budapest, Leopoldsdorf, Austria

Almas Heshmati
Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul Korea

Hichem Karoui

Series: Economic Issues, Problems and Perspectives
BISAC: BUS000000



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This book is intended to provide a new approach to the study of global values and global value change, based on representative international survey data, and above all, the World Values Survey. This theme is of growing interest not only to the international social science community, but also international policymakers and business and financial executives in the framework of international values and business studies.

Since the book is also designed to serve advanced graduate courses in sociology, political science and economics at Universities, government and business staff training centers, diplomatic academies et cetera, this book also contains themes for 10-20 minute statements (1000-2000 words) that students and course participants should be able to prepare after attending a course on global values.

Furthermore, this book covers the entire population in an ever-growing number of countries, and now already comprising some 90% of the total global population on earth. The importance of this data for international politics cannot be overestimated: foreign ministries, international organizations, ministerial planning departments of national governments, national intelligence agencies, international bankers and investors, pension fund managers, global insurance enterprises, organizations of national and international security, NGOs and religious communities can all benefit from these freely available data, which indeed will revolutionize our discourse on international politics and political culture.

In our book, we will attempt to define “cultures” on a global scale largely following Alesina and Guiliano (2013). Although some of our preferred World Values Survey indicators are different from those used by Alesina and Guiliano (2013), there is sufficient resemblance between the two approaches, and also there is a high correspondence between the choropleth geographical maps of global values, resulting from the research attempt by Alesina and Guiliano, and our own investigations.

We show in this book that the world economic rise of the global South, among them the BRIC countries and the countries of the Arab Gulf, is no coincidence: economic growth in the post-crisis period from 2008 onwards is highly and positively correlated with family values.

All too often, the loss of religion and the rise of the shadow economy, including in leading Western countries, go hand in hand. The decay of family values, which are so deeply enshrined in the religious commandments of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and which are also basic to the other global religious civilizations, goes hand in hand with the decay of economic and social values and are explored in this book. (Imprint: Nova)

About this Book

Biography of Authors

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Background

Chapter 2. The Methodology of this Project

Chapter 3. The Dark Side of Economics: Why It Is Good to Analyze World Values Survey Data on the Shadow Economy and Why Corruption Is a Development Impediment

Chapter 4. The Sociological and Psychological Theories of Global Values

Chapter 5. Towards a New Political Geography of Human Values

Chapter 6. The Global Analysis of Feminism and Its Regional Implications for the Muslim World: Voices from Quantitative Social Science and from a Religious Muslim Viewpoint

Chapter 7. Human Values and the “Arab Spring”

Chapter 8. Islamic Values, Knowledge and Morals

Chapter 9. Gretchen, Permissiveness and Economic Growth

Chapter 10. The Implosion of “Self-expression” in the West and Further Doubts about the Correctness of Inglehart’s Theory in the Light of the New Direct Measurements of Self-expression Values from the World Values Survey, 2010-2014

Chapter 11. What the Importance Given to God by Humans Does to Society(The Way Society Benefits from the Belief in God)

Chapter 12. Hofstede, Schwartz, Inglehart and the Future of World Development

Chapter 13. 64 Themes for Student and Course Participants’ Essays

Literature and Suggested Further Readings


This book has been reviewed in the following publication. To read the review click on the corresponding link below:

Society and Economy - Reviewed by Andräs Tetenyi, Assistant Professor, Corvinus University of Budapest

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Tausch A. 2006a. Fuer Rueckkehr der Vernunft in der Tuerkei-Politik. Europaeische Rundschau, 34, 1: 121 – 132.
Tausch A. 2006b. Towards a New EU Policy for the Mediterranean South? Current Politics and Economics of Europe, Volume 17 Issue 3. pp. 373-417.
Tausch A. 2007a. Against Islamophobia. Quantitative analyses of global terrorism, world political cycles and center periphery structures. Hauppauge, N. Y.: Nova Science Publishers.
Tausch A. 2007b. Armutsrisiko und Migrationshintergrund in Europa – vergleichende Daten. Europaeische Rundschau, 4, 2007: 107 – 120.
Tausch A. 2007c. Global Terrorism and World Political Cycles. History and mathematics (special issue): Analyzing and Modeling Global Development (Volgograd, Russia) Grinin L., Munck V. C. de, Korotayev A. (Moscow) (Ed.). ‘Anthropology of the East’ Center, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow Russia: 99 – 126.
Tausch A. 2007d. Quantitative World System Studies Contradict Current Islamophobia: World Political Cycles, Global Terrorism, and World Development. Alternatives. Turkish Journal of International Relations, 6, 1&2, Spring and Summer 2007, p. 15 - 81. available at: http: //www. alternativesjournal. net/ (journal is available electronically).
Tausch A. 2007e. War Cycles. Social Evolution and History (Volgograd, Russia), Vol. 6, No. 2, September 2007, pp. 39 – 74.
Tausch A. 2007f. Zu einer Lissabon-Prozess-bezogenen Perspektive ueber die muslimische Gemeinschaft in Europa. Zusammenstellung und Wertung europaweit vorliegender Materialien, insbesondere des ‘European Social Survey’. OeMZ. Oesterreichische Militaerische Zeitschrift, 1, 2007: 53 – 57.
Tausch A. 2007g. Европейский союз: ‘град на холме’ и Лиссабонская стратегия. Mirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, RU (0131-2227), Vyp. 50, no. 3 (2007), s. 65-72.
Tausch A. 2008a. Nikolai Kondratiev und die Zukunft der Konflikte in der Weltgesellschaft. Bewertung eines Neuansatzes des ‘NATO Institute for Advanced Studies‘. OeMZ. Oesterreichische Militaerische Zeitschrift, 2008 (3): 289 – 299.
Tausch A. 2008b. Разрушительное созидание?’ (Рассуждения в духе Шумпетера о некоторых трендах и Лиссабонском процессе в Европе). Mirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, RU (0131-2227), Contents # 10, 2008, 34 – 41.
Tausch A. 2009a. Armut von Muslimen und politisches Radikalitätspotential in Europa. Raison, Zeitschrift fuer gesellschaftliche Entwicklung, 3, 12, 2009: 29 – 43.
Tausch A. 2009b. Multikulturalität und die Armee der Zukunft in Europa - ein erster Datenbefund basierend auf dem ‘World Values Survey’ und dem ‘European Social Survey’. OeMZ. Oesterreichische Militaerische Zeitschrift, 5, 2009: 557 – 564.
Tausch A. 2009c. Towards a Global Tolerance Index. The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies Monthly Report, 1: 9 - 12. Vienna: The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (wiiw).
Tausch A. 2009d. Евроислам. миф или реальность? Количественный анализ по данным «всемирной программы изучения ценностей. Evropa, 1 (26), 2008: 121 – 151. Warsaw, Polish Institute for International Affairs.
Tausch A. 2010a. Armut und Radikalität? Soziologische Perspektiven zur Integration der Muslime in Europa, basierend auf dem ‘World Values Survey’ und dem ‘European Social Survey’ Bremen: Europäischer Hochschulverlag, Serie ‚ Schriftenreihe: Studien zu vergleichender Sozialpädagogik und internationaler Sozialarbeit und Sozialpolitik’, Bd. 12.
Tausch A. 2010b. Globalisation and development: the relevance of classical “dependency” theory for the world today. International Social Science Journal (UNESCO, Paris), 61 (202), December 2010: 467-488.
Tausch A. 2010c. Integrationspolitik in Europa – welche konkreten statistischen Kennziffern stehen der Sozialpolitik ueberhaupt zur Verfuegung? Soziale Sicherheit. Fachzeitschrift der Oesterreichischen Sozialversicherung, April 2010: 224 – 230.
Tausch A. 2010d. Passive Globalization and the Failure of the European Union’s Lisbon Strategy, 2000-2010: Some New Cross-National Evidence. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2010: 1-91.
Tausch A. 2010e. Paul Boccara's analysis of global capitalism. the return of the Bourbons, and the breakdown of the Brussels / Paris neo-liberal consensus. Entelequia. Revista Interdisciplinar, 12, Fall 2010. 105-147. Available from Internet: php?a=12a06.
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Tausch A. 2011a. Islamismus durch die Hintertür? Der Standard, 1. Juli 2011. Available at: http: //derstandard. at/1308680115372/Wahl-der-Islamischen-Glaubensgemeinschaft-Islamismus-durch-die-Hintertuer.
Tausch A. 2011b. On The Global Political And Economic Environment Of The Current Al-Jazeera Revolution. Middle East Studies Online Journal- ISSN 2109-9618- Issue n°5. Volume 2 (2011), Etudes du Moyen-Orient. N°5. Volume 2. 2011, دراسات الشرق الأوسط، مجلة فكرية محكمة. العدد الخامس. العدد الثاني 2011 (available at: http: //www. middle-east-studies. net/?p=9765).
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