The Pilates Method: The Key to Successful Active Aging

Silvana Junges
Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil

Series: Geriatrics, Gerontology and Elderly Issues
BISAC: SOC013000

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Volume 10

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Volume 2

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book describes the origin of the Pilates method with its principles and foundations idealized by its creator, Joseph H Pilates. Based on his empirical studies and references of great Greek-Roman thinkers, Pilates was inspired to create a method for physical and mental health. Pilates develops a method of physical exercise that benefits all the physiological systems of the human body at all ages. We know that aging is an inevitable process; however, aging with health and liveliness depends on what we do and what we eat.
This book discusses among many factors responsible for aging, the genetic and epigenetic factors that can influence in a positive or negative way in this process. The way we are aging, such as changes in healthy habits and the chronic stress that modern life demands of us, may in the future reflect in our physical, mental and spiritual state at a later age. In this way, staying active in old age requires a lifestyle change, regardless of age and physical condition.

Preface

Part I:

Chapter 1. The Pilates Method (pp. 3-6)

Chapter 2. Who Was Joseph Pilates? (pp. 7-14)

Chapter 3. Pilates – The Balance between Body and Mind (pp. 15-18)

Chapter 4. Contrology (pp. 19-20)

Chapter 5. Key Principles of the Pilates Method (pp. 21-22)

Chapter 6. Indications of the Method (pp. 23-26)

Chapter 7. Equipment-Based Pilates (pp. 27-28)

Chapter 8. Types of Kinetic Chains on Equipment (pp. 29-30)

Chapter 9. Matwork (pp. 31-32)

Chapter 10. Posture (pp. 33-34)

Chapter 11. System of Muscle Chains (pp. 35-36)

Chapter 12. Causes of Postural Deviations (pp. 37-38)

Chapter 13. Types of Posture (pp. 39-42)

Chapter 14. Posture and Pain (pp. 43-44)

Chapter 15. What is Pain? (pp. 45-48)

Chapter 16. Benefits for Physiological Systems (pp. 49-50)

Chapter 17. Cardiovascular System (pp. 51-54)

Chapter 18. Respiratory System – Breathing Principle Applied to the Pilates Method (pp. 55-58)

Chapter 19. Neuromuscular System (pp. 59-62)

Chapter 20. Control of Movement by the Muscles (pp. 63-64)

Chapter 21. Neuroplasticity and Pilates Exercises (pp. 65-66)

Chapter 22. Metabolic System: Body Composition (pp. 67-68)

Chapter 23. What is Metabolic Syndrome? (pp. 69-70)

Chapter 24. The Origin of Metabolic Syndrome (pp. 71-74)

Chapter 25. Body Composition and Pilates Exercises (pp. 75-78)

Chapter 26. Pilates Method: Flexibility and Stretching (pp. 79-82)

Part II:

Chapter 27. Aging (pp. 85-86)

Chapter 28. Biological Aging (pp. 87-94)

Chapter 29. Usual Aging (pp. 95-96)

Chapter 30. Chronic Diseases x Oxidative Stress (pp. 97-100)

Chapter 31. Dietary (Non-Enzymatic) Antioxidant Defense System (pp. 101-104)

Chapter 32. Sarcopenia (pp. 105-108)

Chapter 33. Low Bone Mass and Osteoporosis (pp. 109-112)

Chapter 34. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (pp. 113-116)

Chapter 35. Anxiety Disorder (pp. 117-118)

Chapter 36. Types of Anxiety Disorders (pp. 119-122)

Chapter 37. Depressive Disorder (pp. 123-124)

Chapter 38. Dementia (pp. 125-126)

Chapter 39. Pilates Method and Aging (pp. 127-128)

Chapter 40. Balance and Pilates Method (pp. 129-132)

Chapter 41. Cancer and Pilates Method (pp. 133-136)

Chapter 42. Eve Gentry’s Story (pp. 137-138)

Chapter 43. Chronic Pain and Pilates Method (pp. 139-140)

Chapter 44. Degenerative Diseases x Pilates Method (pp. 141-142)

Chapter 45. Parkinson’s Disease (pp. 143-146)

Chapter 46. Multiple Sclerosis (pp. 147-148)

Chapter 47. Quality of Life (pp. 149-152)

Final Remarks (pp. 153-154)

References (pp. 155-166)

About the Author (pp. 167-168)

Index (pp. 169)

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