The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Mediterranean Environment: Importance in Ecosystem Stability and in Soil Rehabilitation Strategies

Mohamed Hafidi
University Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco

Robin Duponnois
Institut de Recherche pour le Développment, Montpellier, France

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The role of mycorrhizal symbiosis has been usually related to its impact on the plant mineral nutrition and consequently on the development of the plant species. However, it has been demonstrated that this symbiotic process has a key role in ecosystem stability. Numerous recent studies have outlined the major role of mycorrhizal symbioses in ecosystem functioning and the necessity to manage this soil microbial component in order ensure the productivity of plant ecosystems and to maintain plant diversity. The main objectives of this book are to present recent results showing the expected benefits in managing the mycorrhizal symbiosis in order to ensure the conservation of endemic plant diversity and to rehabilitate degraded soils in Mediterranean areas. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Preface

Introduction: Specificity and universality of Forestal Mediterranean ecosystems
(Thierry Gauquelin)

Topic 1: Mycorrhizal symbiosis and performance of the eco- and agro systems

1. Natural Diversity of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Moroccan Forest Woodlands
(Yakhlef Salah Eddine and Duponnois Robin)

2. Ectotrophic mycorrhizal symbioses are dominant in natural ultramafic forest ecosystems of New Caledonia
(Prin Y., Ducousso M., Tassin J., Béna G., Jourand P., Dumontet V., Moulin L., Contesto C., Ambrosi J.P., Chaintreuil C., Dreyfus B. and Lebrun M.)

3. Mycorrhizal Status and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity of endangered plant species in the Sierra Nevada national park
(Concepcioìn Azcoìn-Aguilar, Javier Palenzuela, Nuria Ferrol, Fritz Oehl and Joseì Miguel Barea)

4. Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in Quercus suber ecosystems (Lancelloti, E. and Franceschini, A.)

5. Reclamation strategies of semiarid mediterranean soil : improvement of the efficiency of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi by inoculation of plant growth promoting microorganisms and organic amendments
(Almudena Medina1 and Rosario Azcón)

6. Use of mycorrhiza in soilless grown vegetables
(Ozlem Ikiz, H.Y. Dasgan and H. Okkaoglu)

7. Implications of Mycorrhizal Symbioses in the Trajectory of Plant Invasion Process: How Do They Matter?
(Sanon, A., Ndoye, F., Ramanankierana, H. and Duponnois, R.)

8. Changes in ectomycorrhizal community structure of Coccoloba uvifera L mature trees and regenerating seedlings at two levels of salinity
(Avril Raymond, Abdala G. Diédhiou, Clémence Chaintreuil, Sandrine Bessard, Seynabou Séne, Abdennebi Omrane, Régis Courtecuisse, Samba Sylla, Robin Duponnois, Amadou M. Bâ)

Topic 2 : Biotechnology and controlled mycorrhization

9. Mycorrhizal industry in modern agriculture
(Gianinazzi, S. and Masquelier, S.)

Index

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